Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/140

Click to flip

140 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

List the word parts of medical term

Word root prefix and suffix

What word part provides the general meaning of the word

Root

Review the guidelines for using abbreviations

It is better to spell out the word

Review the levels of body organization

Cell tissues organs system

Describe anatomical position

Standing erect with arms at the sides of body the palms of the hands facing forward and eyes looking straight a head

Identify the planes of the body

Sagittal frontal transverse

Superior. Cephalic

More toward the head or above another structure

Inferior. Caudal

More toward the feet or tail or below another structure

Anterior. Vental

More toward the front or belly side of the body

Posterior. Dorsal

More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body

Medial

Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body

Lateral

Side

Proximal

Located nearer to the point of attachment to the body

Distal

Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body

Apex

Tip or summit of an organ

Base

Bottom or lower part of an organ

Superficial

More toward the surface of the body

Deep

Further away from the surface of the body

Dorsal cavities

Brian spinal cord

Thoracic cavity

Pleural cavity:lungs primordial cavity;heart mediastinum heart esophagus trachea thymus gland aorta

Abdominal cavity

Stomach spleen liver gallbladder pancreas and portions of the small intestines and colon

Pelvic cavity

Urinary bladder ureters urethra and portions of the small intestines And colon females uterus ovaries fallopian tubes males prostate glands seminal vesicles

AP

Anteroposterior

Cv

cardiovascular

ENT

ears nose and throat

Gi

gastrointestinal

Lat

lateral

Le

lower extremity

LLQ

left lower quadrant

Luq

left upper quadrant

Ms

musculoskeletal

Pa

posteroanterior

Rlq

right lower quadrant

Ue

upper extremity

function of the skin

protecting


housing nerve receptors secreting fluids and regulating temperature

closed fracture

fracture in which there is no open skin wound also called a simple fracture

Colles

a common type of wrist fracture

Comminuted fracture

fracture in which the bone is shattered or crushed into many small pieces

compound fracture

a fracture in which the skin has been broken through

compression fracture

a fracture involved loss of hike or vertebral body it may be a result of trauma that in older people especially women ma because osteoporosis

greenstick fracture

fracture in which there is an incomplete break one side of the bone is broken

impact fracture

fracture with the bone fragments are pushed onto each other

oblique fracture

fracture at an angle to the bone

pathologic fracture

fracture caused by disease or we can bone

spiral fracture

fracture in which the fracture line spirals around the shaft of the bone can be caused by twisting injury and is often slower to heal than other types of fractures

stress fracture

a slight fracture caused by repeated low impact force like running a rather than a single forceful impact

transverse fracture

complete fracture that is straight across the bone at right angles to the long axis of the bone

large vein in the body

vena cava

largest artery

aorta

list the organs of the cardiovascular system

heart blood vessels arteries capillaries and veins

describe standard precaution

wash hands wear gloves wear gowns


what are vital signs

heart rate temperature blood pressure


list of parts of the blood

plasma erythrocytes leukocytes in platelets


what is the abbreviation but for nothing by mouth

Npo

list of substance that are normally found in your analysis

color odor appearance specific gravity pH protein glucose ketones blood straw colored pale yellow to deep gold aromic clear 1. 001- 1. 030 5. 0 - 80 negative to trace none none negative

list the types of mastectomy

partial


radical and preventive

epinephrine

intensifies response during stress fight or flight response

iodine

this hormones are produced by the thyroid gland form the mineral

Exophthalmus

condition in which the eyeball protrudes such as Graves disease

Cortisol

steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex

Hypoglycemia

condition of having low calcium level in the blood

Testosterone

male hormone produced in the testes

type 1 diabetes

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus develop early in life when the pancreas stop insulin production

Acromegaly

chronic disease of adults resulting in in elongation an enlargement of bones of the head and extremities

list of parts of the brain stem

medulla oblongata pons midbrain

list of potential causes of the cerebrovascular accident

rostered blood vessel floating clot


stationery quotes or compression

Hemi-

Half

Eu-

normal good

Tachy-

fast

Macro-


large

-itis

information

prone

directional term meaning laying horizontal facing downward

supine

directional term meaning Lying horizontal and facing upward

Diaphoresis

excessive or profuse sweating

Anhidrosis

and normal condition of no sweat

Urticaria

hives skin eruption of pale reddish wells

Pruritus

severe itching

Decubitus ulcer

that's or pressure sore caused by pressure over a bone

biopsy

piece of tissue in road by a surgeon and needle knife and punch or brush to examine under a microscope

anesthetic

substance that produces a lack of feelings that may be local or general effect

Analgesic

substance that relieves pain without loss of consciousness

ligaments

very strong bands of connective tissue that bind bones together at a joint

Tendons

Strong connective tissue cords that attach skeletal muscles to bones

Atropy

lack or loss of normal development

Hypertrophy

increase in bulk for size of tissue or structure

Traction

process of pulling or drawing usually with mechanical device

Auscultation

listening to sounds within the body by using a stethoscope

Palpation


pounding racing heart

cardiac arrest

when heart stops beating and circulation ceases

pathogenic

retaining to a microscope organisms such as bacteria capable of causing diseases

Palsma

what is a mixture of cells floating in a watery water called plasma

platelets

cytoplasm of a large precursor cells shatters into small

pathogen

disease bearing organisms

Septicemia


having a bacteria in the blood stream

leukemia

the white blood count forming blood marrow in a large number of abnormal WBC

Anaphylactic shock

life-threatening condition resulting from ingestion of food or medication that produces severe allergic response

Anticoagulant

prevents or delays clotting

pharynx

medical term for throat

Asphyxia

lack of oxygen that can lead to unconsciousness and death if not corrected

sputum

eat this or phlegm coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract

Hemoptysis

coughing up blood or blood stains sputum

Patent

open or unblocked such as patent airway

Percussion

astute a body lightly and sharply even the terminal side position and consistent of the underlining potty porch

Okimerty

process in their measuring oxygen

cardiopulmonary restriction

emergency treatment provided by person trained for CPR

flexible fiberscope pass through the anus

colonoscopy

diarrhea

has more frequent watery bowel movement

emesis

vomiting usually with some force

jaundice

you love have to skin mucous membranes and whites of the eyes call the deposit of bile pigment I'm too much bilirubin

Lavage


using the NG tube to wash out the stomach

gavage

using


nasogastric tube place liquid nourishment directly into the stomach

laxative

mild cathartic

Dysuria

painful or difficult here in a shin

mammogram

x-ray record of breast

vulva

general term meaning external female genital

cervix

narrow distal portion of the uterus that joins to the vagina

Menarche

first menstrual cycle

Areola

pigment area around the nipple of the breast

Edema

condition in which the body tissues contain excessive amounts of fluid

Glans penis

large and soft tip of the penis

Circumcision

surgically remove the end of prepuce or foreskin of the penis

Aura

sensations such as seeing colors are smelling unusual older that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure or a migraine headache

hallucinations

precipitation of an object that is not there

Hemiplegia

paralysis is only on one side of the body

Delirium

state of a mentally confused with a lack of orientation to time and place

dementia

progressive impairment of intellectual function that interferes with a forming activities of daily living

Alzheimer's disease

chronic Organic mental disorder consisting of dementia that is more prelevant in adults between 40 and 60

Diplopia

double vision

Tinnitus

ringing in the ears

Otitis media

commonly referred to as middle ear infection

glaucoma

increase in intraocular pressure that is untreated may result and a trophy of the optic nerve and blindness

side effect

responser drugs other than the effect desired

mobility

state of having normal movement of all body parts

gait training

assisting a person to learn to walk again

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue using electric current

morbidity

number that represents the number of sick person in a particular population

mortality

number that represents the number of deaths in particular population

Otoscopy

Look in the ears

how does the heart receive its blood supply

coronary arteries

describe the different types of blood vessels

arteries and veins and capillaries