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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

How many different kinds of cells are there in the human body?


Whose text was first used in the study of Anatomy?

Claudius Galen

What percent of the body is water?

About 60%

Which is NOT one of the six most common elements in the body?

(Calcium, hydrogen, nitrogen, potassium)


Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of life?

(Movement, Responsiveness, Diffusion, Adaptation)


pH is a measure of?

Hydrogen ion concentration

Who was the founder of modern physiology?

William Harvey

What is the body's storage form of glucose?


Proteins are composed of?

Amino Acids

The primary component of the cell membrane is?


Andreas Vesalius introduced what to the study of the body?


Information that can be verified by a trained person is?

A Fact

What is the interactive coordination of the biomolecules?


A molecule that repels water is said to be:


The function of a second messenger is to:

internalize a message received at the cell surface.

Proteins in the plasma membrane act as:

Receptors, enzymes, and second messengers.

A charged particle with an unequal number of protons and electrons is an:


The transfer of hereditary information is through:

Nucleic acids

Organize the following from simple to most complex: Cell, Molecule, Organism, Tissue.

Molecule, Cell, Tissue, Organism.

What is anatomy?

The study of the layout of organized bodies.

What is physiology?

The study of the function of living things.

What are the two central themes of A&P?

Structure determines function; Homeostasis

Describe an example of a negative feedback loop in the body indicating the parts of the loop.

Low blood pressure results in an increased heart rate.

Which organelle is involved in digestion of cellular debris?


Placing a cell in an isotonic solution will result in:

No change in cell size

Which of the following organelles possess DNA?

(Golgi apparatus, ER, mitochondria, lysosomes)


A protein that moves two particles across the plasma membrane in the same direction is a:


What tissue is located on any free surface of the body?


A child is born with a genetic defect that prevents them from breaking down long fatty acid chains. Which organelle would this defect likely be located at?


Vesicular transport of a liquid into a cell is called:


Which of the following statements describes a simple squamous epithelial cell?

1. A cell that allows rapid oxygen diffusion in the lungs.

2. A cell that secretes a large volume of bile in the gallbladder.

3. A cell that absorbs many nutrients in the small intestine.

All of the above

What is the normal osmolarity of the tissues of the body?

0.285 Osm/L

The pressure of water against a surface is called:

Hydrostatic Pressure

What allows two cells to share cytoplasm?

Gap Junctions

What is the most common type of active transport in the body?

Sodium-Potassium ATPase

What is the name of a channel specific for water transport?


Lysis of which organelle would cause autodigestion?


Where is the site of energy production?


What are hair-like projections that move a cell?


Phospholipids are made in the:

Smooth ER

Vesicular transport of a solid into a cell is called:


Define Exocytosis.

Transport of particles out of the cell. Adds to the cell membrane.

Define Histology.

Study or science of tissues.

Describe two factors that can affect the rate of diffusion and how they affect the rate of diffusion.

Surface area: Larger surface area leaves more room for diffusion.

Temperature: warmer temperature results in faster moving particles and more diffusion.

What are two functions of epithelial tissue?

Absorption and Secretion

List the four tissue types.

Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.

Lysosomes would be located in the:


The transport of a vesicle to the soma from the synaptic knobs would use:


Glial Cells that secrete CSF are:

Ependymal Cells

Branch-like processes of the neuron that receive action potentials are:


Increasing activity of which cell would decrease bone deposition (make less bone)?


The primary inorganic component of the bone matrix is:


Which cell is NOT derived from an osteogenic cell?


Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system? (Protection, Movement, Vitamin D synthesis, Blood Formation, Support)

Vitamin D synthesis

What is the structural unit of compact bone?


Where are blood cells produced?

Red bone marrow

Long bone growth requires what at the epiphyseal plate?

Chondrocyte hypertrophy

Glial cells that surround the axons of neurons in the CNS are:


Anterograde axonal transport utilizes the protein:


A neuron that has one axon and many dendrites is what kind of neuron?


The site of long bone growth is the:

Epiphyseal Plate

Neurons receive incoming signals by way of specialized extensions of the cell called:


Rings of matrix surrounding the Haversian canal are:


Collagenous fibers that connect bones to ligaments, tendons, and muscles are:

Sharpey fibers

Which system involved in internal communication sends messages at a slow rate (minutes to hours)?

Endocrine System

Which type of glia is involved in removing cellular debris?


Define glia


Define afferent

to carry toward

What are the two divisions of the nervous system?

The Central Nervous system and Peripheral Nervous System.