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58 Cards in this Set

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Hitler youth

German youth organization who's purpose was to turn into Nazis

Hegemonic theory

To manipulate values and propagate support for a regime

Young pioneer

Russian youth organization who's role was yo indoctrinate children into communist idealisms

Systems theory

Is the idea that to gain support for a political system the family should install values to be successful into the children which is compounded each generation.

Diffuse support

is critical to the long term maintenance and stability of the political system. The support of the political system itself or one of its part. People support the system when they see it as legitimate.


- or force is a way for regimes to garner support and strengthen the political system. Mostly when the regime cannot gain support compliance by providing a particular standard of living to the governed.

Micro level socialization

variations in the process of socialization that occur for each individual.

Specific support

Direct act of support to specific politician or towards a preferred party

Peer groups

an agent of socialization that reinforce the value systems taught by the family and the schools

Socialization process

the process of socialization we learn about our culture, its norms, traditions values and acceptable behavior.


Proper behaviour and values

Party preference

Party identification duh

Direct value transfer

when values with a direct political context such as party identification or policy ideals are passed through socialization

Respect for authority

A proper behaviour and value

Macro level socialization

Produces broad diffuse support that is necessary for a political system

Pledge of allegiance

A way the USA propagates loyalty to the country

Primacy principle

The values the we learn earliest in life are the ones that stick with us into adulthood

Phases of socialization




Structuring principle

values that we learn earliest in life help us structure or assimilate new or competing ideas into our existing values

Early childhood

critical in the concept of direct value transfer and socialization. Any regime should focus their efforts on the youngest members of society to make the most lasting impact.

Mobilizable public

- collection of individuals who pay attention to the issues and express their opinions in a meaningful way.

Ideological public

ideological public- a collection of individuals who are attentive to and are mobilized over any issue that relates to its ideology. Examples of these groups are the libertarian party and earth first.

General public




Single issue public

collection of individuals who are attentive and mobilize to a single issue or a narrow scope of issues such as the NRA, PETA, or MAAD.

Electoral issues

- distribution of opinions is the most important aspect of electoral issues , opinions can be unstable

Relative sizes of publics

relative sizes of the apathetic, attentive, and mobilizable publics vary according to the visibility of the issue. As the visibility diminishes the size of the apathetic increases and the size of the attentive and mobilizable decrease.

Skewed distribution of opinions

Or a j curve distribution. Where the majority strongly agree

Response of government

Government cannot respond to attitudes that are not expressed

Normal distribution of opinions

Or bell curve. Where majority is undecided

Bimodal distribution of opinions

Is a split between two majority popular opinions

Political trust

Degree of political trust has eroded dramatically

Valence issues

Not about any specific issue but concerned with the general direction of a political system

Perceptions of presidential job performance

Valence issues are the most important part of successful perceived performance

Positional issues

Distribution of opinions has less effect on policy issues

Cadre party system

A party system dominated by the political elite concerned with contesting elections and restricting influence of outsiders. The party system in the first party era would be considered a cadre party system.

Jacksonian era

A period in the united states when modern mass participatory democracy and modern political parties first emerged.

Federal structure of american two party system

A dominant two party system where levels of political parties mimic the structure of the federal structure of our central government.

The party in government

- political parties exist to allow people who don’t have a lot of money to have say on policy making because without political parties it would be limited to those who have enough money to participate.

The party in the electorate

Political parties attempt to capture government by getting their chosen candidates elected to office to pursue that party’s platform. By winning elections political parties can take over government.

The party organization

Political parties organize like minded people who agree on what government should and should not do and what issues are of most importance

Systems of proportional representation

Has a Lot of minor and third parties

Closed primary

Occurs when only registered voters of that specific party are allowed to participate

Split ticket voting

Voting for a Republican president and a Democrat senator

Electoral college

The last example of indirect voting in national elections

How many times has electoral vote winner not been popular vote winner?

4 times

How much to run for house of representatives

1 million

Negative ads focus on

Policy differences. Positive ads focus on personal attributes.

People who are hurting economically tend to vote for

The party not in power

Nomination process

The process in which political parties take to nominate a candidate for president

General election

Voters vote for electors in the general election who vote for the president

2 phases of the presidential election

The nomination phase and the general election

Representative process

Both the nomination process and the general election are a representative process

National convention delegates

Come together from each state primary to have a roll call vote which awards the winner of the candidacy

Presidential electors

Are apart of the electoral college who elect the president

Dark horse candidates

Otherwise known as long shots will announce there candidacy earlier than their competition like ted Cruz in 2015

Front runners

Wait around 12 th 16 months to announce candidacy

Presidential prefernce primaries

Each state holds a primary and is allotted a certain amount of delegates based on population, voters turn out to local polling places and cast a ballot for their preferred presidential candidate, then they are awarded pledged delegates in the portion to the percentage of the primary vote they received, at the national convention delegates who are pledged in each state meet and then declare a winner of the candidacy by a roll call vote

Iowa caucus/new Hampshire primaries

early state delegate selection processes which can be a precursor to upcoming performance because of the media attention and campaign contributions that’s given to the candidates who place well. Voters in this state generally have an enhanced say in the process of nominating parties candidates