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5 Cards in this Set

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Fecal Oral: Cholera

Cholera is a disease transmitted through contacted with infected fecal matter. Infection occurs by eating or drinking something that the disease has come into contact with. Once infected, the individual experiences diarrhea, due to the fact that this is a Diarrhial disease. in Asia/Africa, 4,000 lives are lost/year. in London, there was a large outbreak of Cholera the was centered around a well. Jon Snow, a Doctor at the time determined the source of the disease to be the well, because it was dug near an existing sesepool. Cholera is very dangerous in developing countries or places where poor sanitation is present.

Fecal Oral: Giardia

This parasitic disease is another diarrhial disease. it is the most common parasite to humans. its presence is becoming more common because it is building a resistance to chlorine, the primary chemical used to treat it.




the Giardia virus enters the body through contact with the disease orally. the parasite lives in intestines and passes eggs through the stool. in the woods of North America, water must be treated before consumption because the risk of Giardia is very high. this parasite is common in countries that lack proper water filtration and management systems.

Fecal Oral: Whip Worm

Whip Worm kills 100,000 people/year


it is found in tropical environments with poor sanitation. infection occurs by ingesting dry goods laden with worm eggs. the eggs mature in the small intestine, before they borrow into the large intestine. here it contaminates the feces with more eggs to spread the infection.

Water-Washed: Typhus Fever

This disease involves rats that carry infected lice. the louse will bight an infected individual. the parasite grows in the louse. when the louse bites an uninfected individual, it leaves it feces that contain the parasite on the skin of the uninfected person. the person scratches the area around the bite, allowing the parasite to enter the skin and infect the person.




this disease is common along the equatorial region

Tricoma(conjunctivitis)

this disease is spread by an individual having direct contact with infected waste.




trichiasis (inversion of the eyelashes)


causes cornea irritation. Tricoma and Trichiasis are common along the equatorial region