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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define Apparel
apparel: the textiles used in clothing
Define Interior Furnishings
interior furnishings: (home fashions) the textiles used in furniture, bath, kitchen, and bed
Define Industrial
industrial: the textiles used in such items as luggage, flags, boat sails, guaze bandages, dust filters, and so on
Define Fibers
fibers: the smallest part of the fabric; they are fine hair-like substances, categorized as either natural or manufactured
Define Yarns
yarns: continuous thread-like strands composed of fibers that have been twisted together
Define Fabrics
fabrics: made from yarns and are eiher woven or knitted.
Define Mills
mills: the companies that make fabric; Springs Industries and Milliken & Company are two of the largest U.S mills
Define Dyeing & Printing
dyeing: the process for imparting a solid color to textiles

printing: the process of imparting designs to textiles
Define Put-up
put-up: used to indicate the way fabric is packaged when it is sold.

a full roll put-up contains 60 to 100 yards of woven fabric.
knit fabrics contain 35 to 50 pound rolls
Define Shorts
shorts: pieces of fabric shorter than 40 yards in length
Define Remnants and Pound Goods
remnants: 1 to 10 yards of cloth

pound goods: usually very short pieces of fabric (often containing pieces of less than one yard in length); they are sold by the pound not the yard
Define Vertically Intergrated
vertically intergrated: large textile mills not only make the fabric, but also produce their own yarn and perform the finishing processes required after the fabric has been created
Define Jobbers
jobbers: persons who help dipose of excess or surplus merchandise for the mill
Define Converter
converter: an individual or organization that buys greige goods usually from mills, has the fabric dyed or printed and finished fabric
Define Finish & Greige Goods
finish: any process used to add color & augment performance of greige goods

greige goods: unfinished fabric
Define Textile
textile: a term originally applied only to woven fabrics, now generally applied to fibers, yarns, fabric, or product made of fibers, yarns, or fabrics
Define Overruns
overruns: occurs when mills produce more dyed, printed, or finished fabrics than the order specifies
Define Secondary Source of Fabric
secondary source of fabric: a company that buys cloth and then sells it, but such a company is not involved in making or created the material
Define Over-the-Counter Sale
over-the-counter sale: home sewers purchase fabrics sold in reatil stores
Define Overseas Agent
overseas agent: a person or company that represents an exporter or importer in the countries overseas where it conducts buisness
Define Private Label
private label: a retail brand in which apparel or other sewn products are manufactured specifically for a retailer and sold exculsively by that retailer
Define American Textile Manufacturers Institute
american textile manufacturers institute: encourages strong environmental controls and safeguards among its member textile manufacturers
Define International Organization for Standardization
international organization for standardization: coordinates many groups worldwide with regard to setting standards for the testing of goods to facilitate international trade
What is the Textile Output Distribution?
Apparel: 40%
Interior Furnishings: 40%
Industrial/Other: 20%
What is the Usage Per Capita Per Year?
The US has the highest per capita consumption of textiles in the world

Americans: 60lbs
Europeans: 30lbs
Japanese: 24lbs
World Average: 15lbs
What is the US Consumption?
Apparel: 26lbs
Carpeting: 10lbs
Home Furnishings: 8lbs
Industrial Textiles: 5lbs
What are some uses for Textiles?
*home furnishings
-sheets/bedding, mattresses
-wall coverings
-drapes, window shades
-cleaning materials
*industrial textiles
-bridges, cars, sports equipment
-conveyer belts
-medical purposes
Name the and Define the Types of Fibers
natural fibers: fibers that are grown by animal, plant, or mineral sources (wool, flax, cotton, silk)

manufactured fibers: fibers made from chemical compounds in manufacturion facilites (rayon)
What is a Fiber's Physical Structure?
*cross-sectional shape
*surface contour
*fiber parts
What are the Lengths of Fibers?
*staple: 1/2" to 15" (all natural fibers but silk)
*filaments: (all manufactured fibers & silk can be cut to staple length)
*filament tow
What are the Sizes of Fibers?
What are the Cross-Sectional Shapes of Fibers?