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11 Cards in this Set

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THE DOMESTIC DIVISION OF LABOUR

This refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work

PARSONS:


Instrumental and Expressive Roles...

Husbands were instrumental, breadwinners


Wives were expressive due to them being geared towards child care

HOWEVER,


YOUNG AND WILLMOTT 1962...

Men are not taking part in more domestic tasks and women themselves are becoming wage earners

BOTT 1957:


Joint and Segregated conjugal roles...

Joint conjugal roles are the idea of tasks being shared between couples


Segregated conjugal roles are were the traditional separate roles are used (female and male gendered tasks)

THE SYMMETRICAL FAMILY:


YOUNG AND WILLMOTT 73

The roles of husbands and wives, although not identical, not share similarities


• Women going out to work


• Men helping out at home and with the children

WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL CHANGES YOUNG AND WILLMOTT THINK TO HAVE LED TO THE RISE IN THE SYMMETRICAL FAMILY?

• Changes in the position of Women


• Geographical Mobility


• New Technology


• Higher Standards of Living

ANN OAKLEY 1974...

A feminist, disagrees with Y&W because there findings are exaggerated, the times that the men helped could simply just be watching over the children

OAKLEY'S RESEARCH...

Found that husbands did help out at home but there was no trend towards a symmetrical family


• 15% of husbands participated in high levels of housework


• 25% of husbands had high levels of participation in childcare - but only if the work was pleasurable

BOULTON 1983

Found that,


Fewer than 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare

THE RISE OF THE HOUSEWIFE ROLE...

Oakley believes that industrialisation has led to 'the housewife' role as the dominant role for married women.


Enforcing women's subordination and economic dependence on men

THE IMPACT OF PAID WORK...

Three - quarters of married or cohabiting women in the UK are economically active, compared to to the fewer that half that partook in OAKLEYS STUDY