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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is meant by 'misinformation acceptance'?
People accepting misleading information subsequent to an event and absorbing it into their memory of the actual event
Who proposed this term?
Loftus (1992)
Outline Loftus' (1975) study
What was the aim?
To investigate the effects of misleading information on EWT
Loftus (1975) study
What was the method?
1) Participants shown film of events leading up to car accident
2) Divided into control and experimental group
3) Control group: asked questions consistent with what they'd seen ('How fast was the white sports car going when it passed the Stop sign?')
4) Experimental group: asked question containing misleading info ('How fast was the white sports car going when it passed the barn while travelling along the country road?'
5) All participants asked more questions regarding the accident
Why was the question posed to the experimental group misinformation?
There had been no barn in the original film
Loftus (1975) study
What was found?
1) 17% of experimental group participants reported seeing a barn in original film
2) 3% of control group reported this also
Loftus (1975) study
What did Loftus conclude from this?
The misleading post-event information had been absorbed into their original memory of event, thus believing they really had seen a barn
Loftus (1975) study
What were the methodological issues of this study?
1) Controlled lab. experiment
2) Realistic material used: footage of car accident
3) Situation artificial: participants knew attention had to be paid: witnesses wouldn't be prepared in real-life EWT
Loftus (1975) study
What were the ethical issues of this study?
1) Fully informed consent couldn't be obtained: couldn't say she would be asking misleading questions