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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The main Properties of Language are

regularly structured, productive, and dynamic.

Multiplicity of structure
The basic idea in the sentence "The girl walked the dog" is fundamentally the same as that in "The dog was walked by the girl." This description illustrates language's


The __________ is the smallest distinguishable unit of all possible human speech sounds.
The average adult speaker of English has a lexicon of about __________ morphemes.
Verb phrase and noun phrase
two parts that are present in every sentence?


According to the __________ theory of speech perception, the sounds /r/ and /l/ sound identical to a native Japanese speaker because he or she articulates them the same way.
Transformational grammar
____________ refers to rules used to generate surface structures from deep structures.
_________ processes refer to the various cognitive processes involved in identifying letters and words, as well as in activating relevant information in memory about the words.
Lexical access
In __________, we identify words based on letter combinations and thereby activate our memory in regard to the words.
Large vocabularies; small vocabularies
Occasionally, readers encounter unknown words and must determine their meanings from the surrounding context. When this happens, readers with _______ use well-formulated strategies to figure out word meanings whereas readers with _______ use no clear strategy.
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Wharf were most forceful in propagating the linguistic __________ hypothesis.
__________ bilingualism refers to learning a second language in the context of a relatively well-developed first language.
__________ bilingualism refers to learning a second language in a way that elements of the second language replace elements of the first language.
Slip of the tongue.
"I'd really like to be her" instead of "I'd really like to see her" is an example of a linguistic error in which what we mean is different than what we say. This is called a(n)
Speech acts
__________ refer to any of five basic categories of speech, analyzed in terms of the purposes accomplished by the given act.
Indirect request
__________ refers to a form of speech in which the person makes a request in an oblique manner.
Quantity, quality, relation, and manner.
According to Grice (1967), successful conversations follow the following four maxims:
The goals of conversation.
Deborah Tannen's research on male-female conversation shows that gender differences in conversational style largely center on differing understandings of
Non-human animals have the same brain structures as humans.
All of the following reasons, except one, are used to justify the use of non-human animals in language research. Which of the following is not a reason for using non-human animals as subjects?
This general term indicates that there is an impairment in language functioning due to some damage to the brain (e.g., lesions).