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17 Cards in this Set

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Cell (plasma) membrane

thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell, controls what enters and leaves the cell

Nucleus

control center of the cell, contains DNA

Chromatin

tangled, spread out form of DNA "loose spagetti"

chromosomes

condensed DNA (Xs) when the cell is ready to divide

nucleolus

site inside the nucleus where ribosomes are made

ribosomes

synthesize (make) proteins

cytoplasm

jelly-like substance that hold all of the organelles inside the cell

endoplasmic reticulum (ER)

passageway for transporting materials like proteins (may or may not have ribosomes attached)

golgi body (apparatus)

customizes, sorts, packages & ships proteins from the ER

Vacuole

saclike structure that stores materials like water - very LARGE in plant cells, smaller in animal cells

lysosome

garbage collectors - contain enzymes that break down old cell parts

mitochondria

power house of the cell - makes ATP - site of respiration

cytoskeleton

microfilaments and microtubules that help the cell maintain its shape

chloroplast

found in plants only - site of photosynthesis - converts sunlight energy into a chemical form of energy

cell wall

strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants

cilia

hairlike projections on the outside of the cell that allows movement in many cells

flagella

tail-like structure found outside the cell that aids in movement