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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

States of mind of the divided line are?

Knowledge


Understanding


Sensory


Imagery

What are the Objects of the State of mind in the Divided line?

Forms


Mathematics


Sensible objects


Images

The Platonic Puzzle

How can we know anything about an underlying substance that is beyond our sensory comprehension?

Three elements that make up the soul

Appetite, Spirit, and Reason

Two distinct TYPES of principles

Metaphysical and ethical

What does the soul receive from the vantage point in the rim of the heavens? Which is?

Nourishment and embodiment of the essence of the forms

Two Characteristics of the Philosophical life

To understand the forms


Pursuit of the forms which for Plato is a virtuous life

Define the Dao

The Dao is "the way" it is all things

Name the ground of Daoism

The Dao is the ground

Lao Tzu's rule

Pushing for a particular result often times results in the contrary result

In Daoism, (blank) nature is the way in which all things flourish

Heavenly

In Daoism, the ability to think and act in accordance with one's choices is an aspect of which theme

Freedom

List three categories that the ground of a system generate

Unity, Purpose, and Truth

According to Daoism and it's conception of happiness, the spirit loves...

Harmony

According to Daoism, to be free, one must curtail one's (blank) and decrease one's (blank)

Inclinations and desires

List two fundamental characteristics of the Dao

Unchanging, constantly flowing

Note clearly and precisely the two, fundamental components of Daoists ethics

Flexibility and not to act in ways contrary to our nature

According to Daoism, it is only in a period of (blank) that philosophers emerge to proclaim the obvious

Disharmony

Existentialism

Universe is in unfathomable; individuals must assume responsibility without knowing right or wrong

Absurdism

Universe is irrational and meaningless; search for order brings individual in conflict with universe

Determinism

Occurrences are determined by proceeding events; predestined

Nihilism

Existence is senseless and useless; no such thing as moral truths; no transcendent ground

Naturalism

Scientific laws can explain everything; act based on natural desires

Stoicism

Individuals should be passionless, unmoved by joy or grief, and submissive to natural law

Three fundamental concerns of Existentialism

Individual human beings


Meaning and purpose


Freedom

Being for Sartre

Being in: those things that don't shape themselves consciously


Being for: I am aware of myself as the agent of myself

Ground of Existentialism

There is no ground in that there is no transcendent being from which any Purpose, Unity, or Truth arise from. We have a desire to be god and therefore we create our own ground

Human nature

No essential nature


We create our own essence


We are "condemned to be free"


Even our moods are a type of choice

Bad Faith

Phenomenon in which human beings, under pressure from social forces, adopt false values and disown their innate freedom, hence acting inauthentically

System 1

Operates automatically and quickly, with little or no effect and so sense of voluntary control

System 2

Allocates attention to the effortful mental activities that demand it. The operations of System 2 are often associated with the subjective experience of agency, choice, and concentration