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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State the six areas that comprises Naval Doctrine
Naval Command and Control
Naval Operations
Naval Warfare
Naval Logistics
Naval Intelligence
Naval Warfare
Describe Naval Command and Control
Provides the basic concepts to fufill the information needs of commanders, forces, and weapons systems
Describe Naval Operations
Develops doctrine to reaffirm the foundation of U.S. Navy and Marine Corps expeditionary maritime traditions.
Describe Naval Warfare
Describes the inherent nature and enduring principles of naval forces.
Describe Naval Logistics
Addresses the full range of logistical capabilities that are essential in the support of naval forces.
Describe Naval Intelligence
Points the way for intelligence support in meeting the requirements of both regional conflicts and operations other than war.
Describe Naval Planning
Examines planning and the relationship between our capabilities and operational planning in the joint and multinational environment.
Name the principles of Naval Logistics
Describe Naval Logistics Responsiveness
The most important principle. Ensuring that adequate, required resources get where they belong. An important part of this principle is to ensure Commanders do not overestimate the needs of their subordinate commands. This could cause a slow-down in response to the most important items required.
Describe Naval Logistics Simplicity
Logistics support is not a simple evolution, but the logistics plans that utilize the basic standard support systems usually succed more often. Mission-oriented logistics support concepts and standardized procedures reduce confusion. Accurate and simple forecasting of needs helps in this area as well.
Describe Naval Logistics Flexibility
The system has to be adaptable to changing conditions. Logistics must be flexible enough to support changing missions, evolving concepts of operations, and dynamic situations. A thorough understanding of an operation enables logistic planners to properly support it. In striving for flexibility, the logistic commander considers such factors as alternative planning, anticipation, the use of reserve assets, and redundancy.
Describe Naval Logistics Economy
Economical use of logistics resources ensures support is available where and when it is most needed. Without economy, operational flexibility almost always suffers.
Describe Naval Logistics Attainability
The operational commander should determine the minimum essential requirements and ensure the adequate logistic support levels have ben attained before beginning combat operations. The ammount of time between the beginning of planning and the time of the actual operation helps in meeting this need. Of course, the more time allowed, the more the commander can be sure he has attained the maximum support required.
Describe Naval Logistics Sustainability
Being able to support the operation as long as it may last. Ensuring this principle is fulfilled is often the most difficult to attain. Effective support planning that incorporates economy, responsiveness and flexibility is a must. Sustainabliity is also influenced by our ability to maintain and protect the ships and aircraft that move material to and from the operational theater.
Describe Naval Logistics Survivability
Logistic support units and installations, lines of communication, transport equipment, and industrial centers are high-value targets that must be protected by both active and passive measures.
What was the first navy ship named after an enlisted man?
The USS Osmond Ingram (DD-255) named after the 1st enlisted man killed in WWI.
Discuss the Hand Salute
A centuries-old custom, probably originated when men in armor raised their helmet visors to be identified. Salute always from a position of attention, or, if walking, salute from an erect position.
Discuss Saluting the Ensign
Salute ensign when coming aboard or departing the ship. When passed by or passing the ensign being carried in military formation, all persons in the naval service must salute. Salutes to national ensign are perscribed in U.S. Navy Regulations, article 1007.
Discuss Dipping the Ensign
Merchant ships "salute" Navy ships by dipping their ensigns. The merchant ship lowers her national colors to half-mast. The navy ship, at her closest point of approach, lowers the ensign to half-mast for a few seconds, then closes it up, after which the merchant ship raises her own flag. Naval vessels dip the ensign *only to answer* a salute; they never salute first.
Discuss Gun Salute
Gun salutes perscribed by Navy Regulations are fired only by ships & stations designated by the Secretary of the Navy. A national salute of 21 guns is fired on Washington's Birthday, Memorial Day, 4th of July, and to honor the President of the use and heads of foreign states. Gun salutes for naval officers are as follows: admiral (17 guns), vice admiral (15), rear admiral upper half (13), rear admiral lower half (11). Salutes are fired at intervals of 5 seconds, and always in odd numbers.
What dates are perscribed 21 gun salutes?
Washington's Birthday
Memorial Day
4th of July
What personnel are given a 21 gun salute?
The President of the United States and heads of foreign states.
How many gun salutes does an admiral receive?
17 Guns
How many gun salutes does a vice admiral receive?
15 Guns
How many gun salutes does a rear admiral upper half receive?
13 Guns
How many gun salutes does a rear admiral lower half receive?
11 Guns.
What interval are gun salutes conducted at?
Intervals of 5 seconds
What three classes of naval vessels existed at the inception of the Navy?
Ships of the line
Sloops of war
Describe Ships of the line
The "battleships" of the sailing days. The largest of all sailing warships, carrying between 64-100 guns.
Describe Frigates
The "cruisers" of the 18th century. Smaller, but faster than ships of the line, carrying 28-44 guns.
Describe Sloops of war
The small sailing warships, carrying 10-20 guns.
Discuss the importance of the Battle of Coral Sea
The Japanese and American fleets never saw each other during this battle. The battle was fought entirely with aircraft launched from carriers. The carrier Lexington was lost in this battle. Carrier-based aircraft attacked the Japanese landing forces as well as their task force. Port Moresby served as a staging area for the Japanese invasion of Australia. This battle was responsible for the abandonment of the Japanese attempt to land at Port Moresby.
Discuss the importance of the Voyage of the Great White Fleet
Four battleship divisions of the Atlantic Fleet completed a roun d-the-world voyage between 1907 and 1909. The ships had a peacetime white color scheme used at the time.
Discuss the importance of the Battle of Normandy
U.S. Navy ships and craft were involved in the largest amphibious assault ever (June 6, 1944). At one beach alone, 21,328 troops, 1,742 vehicles, and 1,695 tons of supplies were landed in 12 hours.
Discuss the importance of the Battle of Midway
The turning point of the Pacificwar, starting on June 3, 1942. The decisive defeat of the Japanese in this battle put an end to their thrust in the Central Pacific Ocean. Four Japanese carriers were lost, while the Americans only lost one (Yorktown).
Discuss the importance of the Battle of Guadalcanal
The Battle for Guadacanal started on 7 August 1942, and lasted until 9 February 1943. Five carriers took part in this battle. There wer other battles during this period. The battle of the Eastern Solomons and the Battle of Santa Cruz had elements of carrier onboard squadrons participating. Shore-based aircraft flew from heavily fortified Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. Carrier-based aircraft flew interceptor patrols and offensive missions against shipping.The aircraft provided close air support for the ground forces until the island was secured on 9 February 1943. This was largely due to Naval aviation elements involved in the Battle of Guadalcanal.
Discuss the importance of the Battle of Leyte Gulf
In 3 connected sea-air battles, the Japanese navy was virtually destroyed (23-25 Oct 1944).
When was the Battle of Coral Sea?
4-8 May, 1942
When was the Voyage of the Great White Fleet?
When was the Battle of Normandy?
6 June, 1944
How many troops, vehicles, and supplies were landed at the Battle of Normandy?
21,328 Troops
1,742 Vehicles
1,695 Tons of Supplies
When was the Battle of Midway?
3 June, 1942
When was the Battle of Guadalcanal?
7 August 1942 - 9 February 1943
When was the battle of Leyte Gulf?
23-25 October 1944
Discuss the conditions that led to the formation of the U.S. Navy
George Washington initiated America's first sea-based offensive against the Brittish. The armed vessels provided support to the colonial efforts, demonstrating the value of sea operations.
The initial continental fleet was assembled from converted merchantmen. To ward off smuggling, Alexander Hamilton (the first Secretary of the Treasury) proposed, and Congress authorized in 1790, a fleet of "ten boats for the collection of revenue." In 1794, Congress authorized the Department of War to build 6 frigates for the protection of American merchantmen from the Barbary corsairs. Four years later, Congress established the Department of the Navy, authorized the Marine Corps, and began the first significant buildup of naval forces.
When did Congress authorize a fleet of "ten boats for the collection of revenue?"
When did Congress authorize the Department of War to build 6 frigates for the protection of American merchantmen from the Barbary corsairs?
When did congress establish the Department of the Navy?
30 April, 1798
State the qualities that characterize the Navy/Marine Corps team as instruments to support national policies
The qualities of readiness, flexibility, self-sustainability, and mobility are those that define the essence of our naval services today. These qualities provide the National Command Authority with the tools required to safeguard vital national interests, such as continued availability of oil from foreign lands, and the maintenance of political and economic stability around the world.
What are the qualities of the Navy/Marine Corps?
State the three levels of war

The combination of these campaign objectives resulted in our overall victory in the Pacific Theater during WWII.
Describe the Tactical level of war
Involves the details of individual engagements
Describe the Operational level of war
Concerns forces collectively in a theater
Describe the Strategic level of war
Focuses on supporting national goals
State the mission of Naval Logistics
To provide and sustain our operational readiness by getting the right support to the right place at the right time. In peace, operational readiness stems from the ability of our naval forces to accomplish a wide range of day-to-day tasking. In war, operational readiness is the forerunner of war-fighting effectiveness.
State the importance of planning to Naval Operations
The first element of any operation is planning, especially in time of war. Planning links the military activities of a naval operation to military objectives. Naval planning is the means by which the commander coordinates naval force activities in time, space, and purpose in order to achieve naval, joint, and multinational unity of effort toward a strategic objective.