• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


verbal form of helping derived from a psychological framework that consists of one or more treatment sessions


Freud's method; focuses on uncovering and working through the unconscious conflicts he believed were at the root of psychological problems

Clinical Psychologist

earned doctorate in psych, passed licensing exam, administer psych tests, diagnose mental disorders, practice psychotherapy

Counselling Psychologist

PhD psychology with license; treat milder cases than clinical psych, help accesses for those with disabilities (ADA)


MD plus residency; prescribe drugs, perform ECT, may practice psychotherapy

Clinical / Psychiatric Social Workers

masters in social work, help those with severe mental disorders, practice psychotherapy, other therapy


psychiatrist or psychologist who has completed extensive training in psychoanalysis;


vocational, marital, family, substance abuse help, assistance to milder disturbed behavior

Psychiatric Nurses

RN with masters in psych nursing; work in psych facility or group medical practice

Free Association

a technique in psychoanalysis in which the client is encouraged to say anything that comes to mind; Freud - leads to deep seated wishes / desires

Dream Analysis

helps the client gain insight into symbolic/latent meaning


explanation of connections between client behavior and verbal expression, unconscious motives and conflicts


rrealisation or awareness of underlying unconscious wishes and conflicts


in psychoanalysis, the blocking that occurs when therapy touches on anxiety-evoking thoughts or feelings; clues to underlying issues

Transference Relationship

the tendency of clients to reenact earlier conflicted relationships in their lives in the relationships they develop with therapists


therapist reacts to clients in ways carried over from relationships with others

Behavior Therapy

a form of therapy that involves the systematic applications of the principles of learning; lasts weeks or months, not years

Methods of Fear Reduction

systematic desensitisation; fear hierarchy; gradual exposure

Systematic Desensitization

behavior therapy technique for treating phobias through pairing of [exposure in imagination to fear-inducing stimuli] and [states of deep relaxation]

Fear Hierarchy

an ordered series of increasingly scary objects or situations

Gradual Exposure

behavior therapy technique for treating phobias based on direct exposure to series of increasingly fearful stimuli


a form of observational learning used to help people overcome fear and acquire adaptive behaviors; involves observing and imitating desirable behavior in others

Virtual Reality Therapy

simulation of real life environments where fearful stimuli can be confronted

Aversive Conditioning

a form of behavior therapy in which stimuli associated with undesirable behavior are paired with unpleasant stimuli (e.g. shock, nausea inducing drug) to create a negative response; not a permanent solution

Operant Conditioning Methods

rewarding children for appropriate behavior and withdrawing attention following problems; time outs; token economy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
combines behavioral techniques (e.g. gradual exposure) with cognitive techniques that focus on helping clients recognize and correct faulty beliefs and ways of thinking

Albert Ellis

created rational emotive behavior therapy

Aaron Beck

created cognitive therapy

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

irrational beliefs are replaced by logical self enhancing beliefs; irrational or illogical thinking is at the root of emotional problems; anxiety and depression are not the direct result of life experiences but the irrational beliefs we have about those experiences

Cognitive Therapy

a form of therapy that helps clients recognize and correct distorted patterns of thinking associated with negative emotional states; less in-your-face than REBT

Eclectic Therapy

the use of multiple forms of therapy as most beneficial for the client

Group Therapy

clients are treated together

Family Therapy

help for troubled families that focuses on changing disruptive patterns of communication and improving the ways in which family members relate to each other

Couple Therapy

builds healthier relationships by teaching to communicate better and work out solutions to problems

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment

works well in treating wide range of disorders including panic disorder, social anxiety, phobias, PTSD, OCD, depression, bulimia

Nonspecific Factors

general features of psychotherapy, such as attention from a therapist and mobilization of positive expectancies or hope

Placebo Effects

responses to positive expectancies

Types of Psychotropic Drugs

antianxiety, antidepressants, antipsychotics

Antianxiety Drugs

also called minor tranquilizers; help quell anxiety, induce calmness and reduce muscle tension; e.g. diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide, alprazolam (Xanax) ; make GABA receptors more sensitive