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85 Cards in this Set

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Shape of the orbit of planets

elliptical
Water, sunlight, wood, wind
Renewable Resources
Affects the survival and health of organisms
Sprayed into atmosphere
Pollutants
Three types of rocks
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
Surface layer, thermocline, bottom layer
Three layers of the ocean
Layer of atmosphere containing ozone
Stratosphere
Movement of liquids and gases
Convection
Earth's outer layer
Crust
Middle layer of Earth
Mantle
Innermost layer of Earth, composed of solid nickel
Core
Made of crust and outer layer of mantle
Lithosphere
Process that changes one type of rock into any other
Formation, breakdown, and reformation of rocks
Rock Cycle
Formed by melting
Igneous Rock
Formed by heat and pressure
Metamorphic Rock

Formed by weathering and erosion

Sedimentary Rock

All the living and nonliving parts of an area

Ecosystem
Caused by plates colliding
Earthquakes or Mountain formation
Covers 75% of the Earth
Oceans/Water
Comprises 97% of all the water on Earth
Saltwater/Oceans
Site of most of the freshwater on Earth
Polar Ice Caps/Glaciers
Layer of atmosphere in which we live
Troposphere
Rusting is an example
Chemical weathering
Rock made from volcanoes
Igneous

Least explosive volcano
Hawaiian Islands

Shield
Water held underground
Groundwater
Where freshwater is found
lakes, river, streams
Place in atmosphere where temperature declines rapidly
Thermocline
Separates two air masses
Front
Layers of atmosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere
Direction wind generally blows in Northern hemisphere (USA)
West to East
Warmest layer of atmosphere
Thermosphere
Example of renewable energy
Solar, wind, geothermal, water
Gas that depletes ozone layer
Chlorofluorocarbons (aerosols)
Rock formation, fossils, ancient climate
Evidence of continental drift
Single land mass
Pangaea

Process that forms new ocean crust at mid-ocean ridges, and destroys old ocean crust at deep-sea trenches

Sea-floor spreading
Boundary where two tectonic plates slide horizontally
Transform boundaries (faults)
Periodic rise and fall in sea level
Caused by the moon
Tides
Cycle in which water is always moving and recycling
Water Cycle
Opening that allows magma to the surface
Volcano
Two tectonic plates moving apart
Divergent
Discovered theory of continental drift
Wegner
Wave caused by earthquake on ocean floor
Tsunami
Measures air pressure
Barometer
Measures temperature
Thermometer
Measures wind speed
Anemometer
All the water on Earth
Hydrosphere
Exists in finite amounts
Non-renewable resources
Feathery clouds
Cirrus
Cotton-like clouds
Cumulus
Storm cloud
Cumulonimbus
Blocks UV rays from the sun
Ozone layer
Metals, fossils fuels, plastics
Nonrewable resources
Steps in Water Cycle
Precipitation
Runoff
Infiltration
Evaporation
Condensation

Violent storm caused by low pressure; characterized by funnel cloud with high winds

Tornado
Change in direction of the Earth's axis without any change in tilt
Precession
Wobbling around of the Earth's axis 1/2 degree in one direction or another
Occurs over an 18 year period
Nutation

Point between two objects where they balance each other

Barycenter

Energy from the sun

Radiation

Caused by water freezing and expanding

Physical Weathering

Front characterized by lots of rain

Cold Front

Pressure characterized by lots of rain

Low Pressure

Pressure characterized by clear skies and cooler temperatures

High Pressure

Youngest part of the sea-floor

In the middle

Oldest part of the sea-floor

On the edges

Process where plants lose water to the atmosphere

Transpiration

Forms from decaying or rotting plants; precursor to fossil fuels

Peat

Would prevent the Dust Bowl

Crop Rotation

Keeps soil fertile

Crop Rotation

Where fusion of hydrogen and helium atoms occurs

The sun or stars

How the sun makes energy

Fusion

Gas that causes global warming

Carbon Dioxide

Process where continents move on Earth

Continental Drift

Mechanism for the movement of Earth's plates

Plate Tectonics

Explosive volcanoes

Cinder Cone


Composite

Line with half circles on weather map

Warm front

Line with triangles on weather map

Cold front

What Hawaiian Islands formed over

Hot Spot

Plant fossil found on several continents


Evidence of continental drift

Glossopteris

Liquid layer of Earth that moves

Mantle

Layer of Earth where convection occurs

Mantle

Reason to plant trees near a farm

Prevent wind erosion

Mechanism for plate tectonics (what causes plates to move)

Mantle convection

Two plates moving together

Convergent

Mouth of a river


Formed by deposition of sediment

Delta