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12 Cards in this Set

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In which court does a jury sit?

crown court. indictable offenses only. civil court but only for false imprisonment, fraud, slander, malicious prosecution.

what is the role of the jury?

to weigh up the evidence and decide the true facts of the case. then applying the instructed law to the facts and reaching a verdict.

who wrote the research report: are juries fair?

Professor Cheryl Thomas. 2012. funded by ministry of justice.

can police officers be jurors?

sometimes. they are part of the administration of justice, risks bias etc.

can a 20 year old man who was born in France but lived in UK for 4 years be a juror?

No, needs to have lived in UK for 5 years as resident since age of 13.

Can a judge be a juror?

sometimes. might have bias due to admin of justice daily.

following criminal justice act of 2003 can fraud be heard by a jury?

yes.

should juries be abolished?

no. allow for public participation, inclusion of conscience, and verdicts seen as just. however they have drawbacks as they are just a small sample size of population and are human so they are susceptible to manipulation.

can a judge hear a case in the crown court without a jury?

only if the defendant pleads guilty or if serious risk of jury tampering or complicated financial / commercial arrangements.

In the case of R v. Wang the trial judge told the jury ‘As a matter of law, the offences themselves are proved and I directthat you return guilty verdicts’ – What did the House of Lords think about this direction?

a judge can never tell a jury to convict – trial judge had been wrong to direct the jury members. they can explain the relevant law but not any decision.

Does a jury always have to reach a unanimous verdict?

generally yes. but if stalemate can move to 10-2 majority or 9:1.

Critically analyze the role of the jury in the criminal justice system

allow the defendant to have a fair trial, can be biased depending on the severity and nature of the crime