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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface.
An injury in which part of the body is completely severed.
An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
Injuries in which soft-tissue damage occurs as a result from thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation.
Injuries in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membrane but the surface remains intact.
closed injuries
Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue.
compartment syndrome
A burn caused by direct contact with a hot object.
contact burn
The presence of infectious organisms or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
A bruise from an injury that causes bleeding beneath the skin without breaking the skin.
Significant metabolic derangement that develops when crushed extremities or body parts remain trapped for prolonged periods. This can lead to renal failure and death.
crush syndrome
An injury that occurs when a great amount of force is applied to the body.
crushing injury
The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin.
The outer layer of skin that acts as a watertight protective covering.
The displacement of organs outside of the body.
The fiberlike connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.
A burn caused by an open flame.
flame burn
A burn caused by exposure to very intense heat, such as in an explosion.
flash burn
Burns that affects all skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred.
full-thickness (third-degree) burns
A mass of blood in the soft tissues beneath the skin.
A sharp, smooth cut.
A jagged, open wound.
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate directly or indirectly with the environment outside the body.
mucous membranes
A dressing made of Vaseline-impregnated gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that protects a wound from air and bacteria.
occlusive dressings
Injuries in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.
open injuries
Burns affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue; characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled.
partial-thickness (second-degree) burns
An injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object.
penetrating wound
Describes an animal that is infected with rabies.
A system that assigns percentages to sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin surface involved in the burn area.
rule of nines
A burn caused by hot liquids.
scald burn
A burn caused by exposure to hot steam.
steam burn
Burns affecting only the epidermis; characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned through.
superficial (first-degree) burns
Burns caused by heat.
thermal burns
Once the treats have been identified, agencies and fire departments must determine _____________
How they will respond