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3 Cards in this Set

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Activated Charcoal

Indications: rarely used may be ordered if it can be administered shortly after ingestion of opioids anticholinergics or medications with a sustained release.Contraindications : (1) altered mental status not fully conscious (2) swallowed acids or alkalis. (3)unable to swallow.(4) cyanide overdose.Medical form: 12.5 grams pre mixed in water powder form should be avoided. Dosage: 1 gram of activated charcoal per kilogram of body weight usual adult dose 25 to 50 grams infants and children 12.5 - 25 grams. Administration : requires orders from medical direction; shake container; encourage patient to drink through a straw from a covered container; record time and response; if patient vomits, notify medical direction for repeat dose. Actions: binds with poisons in the stomach and prevents their absorption into the body.Side effects : blackening of the stools, possible vomiting.Reassessment: (1)check for abdominal pain or distress upon administration. (2) watch for vomiting; position the patient and be prepared to suction.

Indications: has it ever been used opioids anticholinergics and medications with sustained release.Contraindications : easy fully conscience acids or alchemist can you follow and cyanide.Medical form: premixed half adult dosage avoid powder.Dosage: what per kilogram of body weight infants dosage is half of adult dosage.Administration : need direction from who what must be done before use how would the patient take this what time should you write and what happened if patient does what should you repeat and call medical direction.Actions: prevents what from happening into the body.Side effects : what happens to the stools and patient can feel nauseous.Reassessment: what do you check for when you administer this what do you watch for it and how should the patient be positioned and what you do after.

Aspirin

Indications: chest discomfort that is suggestive of a heart attack, an approval from medical direction.Contraindications : patient with known allergy to the drug or a patient with suspected aortic dessection.Medical form: tablet.Dosage: 160 - 325mg recommended 160 through 325 milligrams of nonentric aspirin be chewed and swallowed.Administration : determine the patient is suffering from acute syndrome suggestive of a heart attack, obtain approval to administer the medication, ensure the patient is alert and oriented, have the patience chew a 160 - 325 milligrams nonentric tablet, reassess the patient and record the vital signs.Actions: decreases the ability of platelets to clump together, this reduces the formation of additional clot at the site of the coronary artery blockage.Side effects : generally few side effects, patients may report stomach irritation or heartburn, nausea, or vomiting.Reassessment: perform a reassessment after administration. The aspirin is not being used as a pain reliever but to prevent platelets from continuing to clump together and occlude the coronary artery. Record any changes in the patient's condition.

Indications: angina discomfort something happens to the heart need approval fromContraindications : is patient allergic or has the suspected what.Medical form: can chewDosage: 160 times 2Administration : determine what from patient obtain approval ensure what patient must be? Have patient chew 160 to 325 milligrams of what and do what after this process to the patient.Actions: decreases ability of what? To reduce the formation of what to the coronary artery.Side effects : is there many side effects what with the stomach or heart can happen causing patient to do and feel what?Reassessment: not pain reliever prevent platelets clude coronary artery and record of what in patients condition.

Nitroglycerin

Indications: 1 patient exhibits signs and symptoms of chest pain. 2 patient has physician prescribed nitroglycerin. 3 EMT has approval from medical direction.Contraindications : 1 baseline blood pressure below 90 mmhg systolic or systolic pressure has decreased more than 30 mmhg from the baseline. 2. Suspected head injury. 3.patient is a child or an infant. 4. Three doses have already been taken. 5. the heart rate is less than 50 or greater than 100 bpm. 6. The patient has recently taken tadalafil (cialis), vardenafil (Levitra), or sildenafil (viagra).Medical form: tablet or sublingual spray.Dosage: 1 tablet or 1 spray under the tongue, may be repeated in 3 to 5 minutes if 1. patient experiences no relief, 2. blood pressure remains above 90 mmHg systolic or does not fall greater than 30 mmHg from the systolic baseline blood pressure, 3. Heart rate remains above 50 and below 100 BPM, 4. Medical Direction gives approval. The total dose in 3 tablets (including what the patient took prior to your arrival).Administration : 1 ensure medication is the patient's, blood pressure greater than 90 mmHg or does not fall greater than 30 mmHg systolic from the baseline, and the heart rate is between 50 and 100 bpm. 2. obtain approval from medical direction. 3. ensure patient is alert, check expiration date, ask patient when he took his last dose. 4. Place or spray medication under the tongue, keep mouth closed. 5. reassess the blood pressure in 2 minutes, record your actions.Actions: dilated vessels, decreases the workload and oxygen demands of the heart.Side effects : vessel dilation may cause headache, drop in blood pressure, pulse rate changes. Reassessment: 1 monitor blood pressure frequently 2. question patient about effect. 3. obtain approval from medical direction before readministering. 4. record and document all findings and reassessment.

Indications: Contraindications :Medical form:Dosage:Administration :Actions:Side effects :Reassessment: