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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

allusion

a reference to a well known person place thing or event

antithesis

a contrasting of ideas, like the opposite of

exaggeration

a stretching of the truth

figurative language

a language used in a special way to create a special effect. made up of words and phrases which dont mean what they first appear to mean

flashback

when the author goes back to an earlier time in the story and explains something that will help the reader understand the whole story better

foreshadowing

the writers hints and clues about what is going to happen in the story

hyperbole

an exaggeration or overstatement used for emphasis

irony

this is when you use a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its normal meaning

metaphor

this is something that compares two different things eithout using like or as

oxymoron

a literary technique in which two contradictory words come together for a special effect

paradox

a statement that seems to go against common sense but is actually true

personification

form of figurative language in which an idea, object or animal is given the characteristics of a person

pun

word or phrase used in a way that gives it a funny twist

sarcasm

use of praise to ridicule or put down someone or something

satire

writing that ridicules or makes fun of peoples mistakes and weaknesses, often used to raise questions about a current trend or political decision

simile

compares two different things with like or as

soliloquy

speech given in a play by a character who is alone on stage

understatement

opposite of exaggeration

analogy

comparison of two or more similar objects

cliche

familiar word or phrase which has been used so much that it is no longer a good effective way of saying something

idiom

phrase or expression which means something different from what the words actually say

theme

central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work

antagonist

character or force in conflict with the main character

protagonist

main character in a literary work

suspense

feeling of uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work

assonance

repitition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables

tone

writers attitude toward his or her audience and subject

onomatopoeia

use of words that imitate sounds

alliteration

repitition of intial consonant sounds

idiom

expression that is characteristic of a language, region, community, or classs of people