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34 Cards in this Set

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Intelligence
Problem-solving skills and the ability to adapt to and learn from life's experiences.
Mental Age
An individual's level of mental development relative to others.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
A score designed to measure intelligence
Normal Distribution
A symmetrical distribution; majority of the scores fall in the middle; few scores in the extreme
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Analytical, Practical, & Creative
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: Analytical
Analyze, judge, evaluate, compare/contrast; book smart
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: Practical
use, apply, implement, put into use; street smart
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: Creative
create, design, invent, originate, and imagine
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Verbal
The ability to think in words and to use language to express meaning. Authors, journalists, speakers.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Mathematical
The ability to carry out mathematical operations. Scientists, engineers, accountants.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Spatial
The ability to think 3-D. Architects, artists, sailors.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Bodily-Kinesthetic
The ability to manipulate objects and be physically adept. Surgeons, crafts people, dancers, athletes.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Musical Skills
A sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, and tone. Composers, musicians, musical therapists.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Intrapersonal skills
The ability to understand oneself and effectively direct one's life. Theologians, psychologists.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Interpersonal
The ability to understand and effectively interact with others. Successful teachers, mental health professionals.
Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind: Naturalistic
The ability to observe patterns in nature and understand natural and human-made systems. Farmers, botanists, ecologists, landscapers.
According to Salovey and Mayer, emotional intelligence is the ability to:
Perceive and express emotion accurately and adaptively. Understand emotion and emotional knowledge, Use emotion to facilitate thought. Manage emotions in oneself and others.
Deep Learners
Actively construct knowledge. Give meaning to material. Focus on internal rewards. Are self-motivated.
Surface Learners
Are passive learners. Fail to tie information to a larger framework. Focus on external rewards.
Personality
The distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.
Temperament
A person's behavioral style and characteristic way of responding.
The "Big Five" Factors of Personality
Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.
Easy Temperament
Positive mood. Establishes regular routines in infancy. Adapts easily to new experiences.
Difficult Temperament
Reacts negatively, cries frequently. Irregular daily routines. Slow to accept change.
Slow to Warm Up Temperament
Low activity level. Somewhat negative. Low intensity of mood.
Person Situation Interaction
The best way to characterize an individual's personality is not only in terms of personal traits or characteristics, but also in terms of the situation involved; environment. `
Nature-Nurture Issue
Issue that involves the debate about whether development is primarily influenced by nature (biological inheritance) or nurture (environmental experiences).
Stereotype threat
the anxiety that one's behavior might confirm a negative stereotype about one's group.
Culture-fair tests
tests of intelligence that are intended to be free of cultural bias
between-class ability grouping (tracking)
grouping students based on their ability or achievement.
Nongraded (cross-age) Program
a variation of btw-class ability grouping in which students are grouped by their ability in particular subjects regardless of their age or grade level.
Joplin Plan
A standard nongraded program for instruction in reading.
With-in Class ability Grouping
Placing students in two or three groups within a class to take into account differences in student's abilities.
Goodness of Fit
the match btw a child's temperament & the environmental demands the child must cope with.