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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
astronomer
"That star constellation is called Orion."
meteorologist
"There's a cold front moving in from the West, which may bring snow."
earth science
"I am the study of Earth's crust, oceans, atmosphere, and surrounding space."
oceanographer
"Algae is an important life form, providing food for many marine life forms."
geologist
"Some rocks develop an unusual property of fluorescence, which makes a rock look like it is glowing."
A scientist who studies earthquakes.
geologist
I want to study marine life, like dolphins and sharks. I should learn about ____________.
oceanography
I want to know all about the universe. I should study _________.
astronomy
The earth has 3 main chemical layers: a core, mantle, and crust. These layers form a process called:
differentiation
The earth's differentiation and size are significant factors for life on Earth because Earth's composition and gravitational attraction...
helps to retain Earth's atmosphere
Most planets have _____ but none has a _____ like Earth does.
an atmosphere; hydrosphere
Earth's lithosphere is unique compared to other planets because it contains ____.
soil
I am composed of rocks and minerals.
Lithosphere
I am all different forms of water.
hydrosphere
I am all that is ice.
cryosphere
I am mostly nitrogen and oxygen gases.
atmosphere
I am composed of plants and animals, including humans.
biosphere
Earth's tectonic activity is a significant factor that helps to sustain life on Earth because the movement of Earth's crustal plates affect...
volcanic activity and the atmosphere
Earth's _______ cycle moves water from one reservoir to another. One of Earth's dynamic processes.
hydrologic
It seems like all of Earth's unique qualities and dynamic processes are ....
interconnected
If earth was closer to the sun, the intense heat might evaporate the oceans and create an atmosphere similar to ...
Venus
Differentiation happened in other inner planets besides earth.
true
made of large plates that move
lithosphere
made of solid iron
inner core
very dense liquid of iron and sulfur
outer core
layer that includes the asthenosphere
upper mantle
thin, rigid surface on earth
crust
layer just outside the outer core
lower mantle
volcanoes are usually formed by a ______ boundary, where at least one of the plates is ______.
convergent; oceanic
a well- known transform boundary in cali is
san andreas fault
earths crustal plates move because of ____ currents.
convection
the theory of _________ suggests that the crust of earth moves on the upper mantle
plate tectonics
earthquakes are especially associated with _____ boundaries
transform
mid atlantic ocean ridge is a ____ boundary
divergent
plants are able to release water into the atmosphere by
transpiration
hydrologic cycle is balanced because
precipitation is equal to amount of evaporated water
the hydrologic, rock, and tectonic cycles are powered by 2 things
sun and core
sinking of layers
subduction
wood and _____ can be _____ to release carbon into the air
fossil fuels, burned
the _____ hold more carbon than the atmosphere
oceans
phosphorus is least available because it is in the...
lithosphere
what is energy?
the ability to do work
the energy cant be created. this is because of the
first law of thermodynamics
heat released by an organism...
is released into the environment and unusable
most energy comes originally from
the sun