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5 Cards in this Set

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Local Integration

linked to sovereignty.


Depends on refugee's level of attachment (Hathaway)


Second-most favourable option


Issues are socio-cultural


Integration not always favourable



Resettlement

Last resort.


- UNHCR supervisory role. Cannot force states to 'take' Refugees for resettlement.


resettling in a 3rd country because 1st country doesnt offer local integration and repatriation is not an option


- lengthy process requring inter-cooperation state to state and UNHCR, IOM facilitation


Priority given to vulnerable and children


Substantial protection provided




Lebanon: After 6 months lebanese authorities asks syrian refugees to pay so UNHCR gives status to enable resettlement. Once resettled to the US however, refugees are re-screened


as opposed to Sweden who just takes refugees

Voluntary Repatriation

Most favourable option.


- Should be facilitated - not promoted (bordering forced)


- must be complete choice of refugee


- Safe country? Decided by refugee and host country


- UNHCR facilitates as part of mandate


linked to cessation - If conditions change you must go back - it is not voluntary repatriation



Is voluntary repatriation achievable?

- Human Rights must be considered


- May take too long for country to be re-build


- Hathaway: Solution oriented approach: Northern states should pay southern states to take on refugees


- Should the country be assesed objectively? (No: Impractical and violates convention) Hathaway yes - clear criteria and no longer than 5 yrs before repatriation





Duty of the state

States do not have a duty to grant asylum. They have a duty to enable and facilitate a fair application.


They only have an obligation to their own citizens - right to return.