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15 Cards in this Set

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What are the logical steps of pathological analysis?
Identify Organ or Tissue
Identify Pathologic Lesions
Identify Key Diagnostic Features of Lesions
Apply Diagnostic Criteria
Subclassify Within Categories of Major Pathologic Processes
Record and Confirm Your Gross Impression
Which type of lesions are sharply demarcated from normal tissues?
Focal Lesions
Which type of lesions can be reflected grossly only by an increase in the sie of an organ or thickness of a tissue?
Diffuse lesion
Lesions may be discerned by differences in: (4)
1. color
2. texture
3. consistency
4. shape
VINDICATE = ?
Subclassifications w/i categories of major pathological processes:

Vascular, Inflammatory, Neoplastic, Drug, Infectious, Congenital, Allergic, Trauma, Endocrine
In a case, diagnostic criteria do not seem to apply. What should NOT be done?
DON'T guess at a diagnosis.
Should you immediately jump to high magnification?
No, examine grossly, then at ever increasing mags.
What is the 'Gold Standard Method' for diagnostic pathology over the entire world? What color characteristics does it have?
Hematoxylin & eosin stain (H&E)
H = stain acidic things dark blue/purple
E = basic things red
Define: Basophilic/Acidophilic re: stains
Basophilic = reacts w/ things that love Base, i.e., reacts w/ acid

Acidophilic = visa versa.
On H&E, what can the following colors indicate: deep blue, pale pink
deep blue: foci rich in cell nuclei --> malignant neoplasms or focal inflammation

pale pink: frequently indicates a site of confluent cell necrosis such as an infarct, or scarring.
Sarcoidosis is a very serious disease that mainly affects which racial group?
Blacks.
Spread of the cancer from colon to liver, most likely way?
rubins says lymph, but blood-borne is the most likely, we think. I think he's going to drop this question.
cancer stage =
Cancer grade =
location
pathological/slide appearance/characteristics
can benign tumors kills a patient?
Yes.
Paraneoplastic syndrome is when...
Are adrednal ademonas an example?
...a tumor makes something unexpected.

No, b/c you'd expect that.