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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Name 4 methods of reminding the signaler of the presence of your train at a stop signal

- Using the Cab Secure Radio (CSR) or Global System Mobile communications (GSM-R).

- Signal Post Telephone where it is safe to do so.

- Using other railway phones or Mobile Phone

- Going to the signal box in person

- Your train is occupying a track circuit when detained at a signal with no SPT.

When must you remind the signaller you are waiting at a red signal?

- When you are detained at a signal and there is no obvious reason.

- There is an obvious reason for the delay then you need to contact the signaller after no longer than 2mins.

What are the contact and recontact times when there is no obvious reason for a delay?

You must initially contact the signaller as soon as possible but within 2mins and recontact every 5mins unless instructed otherwise by the signaller.

Draw the sign indicating a 5min wait before contacting the signaller.

What would it mean if the number on the sign in the above question was to show '0'

It would mean you must contact the signaller immediately if there is no obvious reason for the delay.

What do the following mean?

What do the following mean?

Limited Clearance SPT - You must not leave your cab to contact the signaller by telephone, except in an emergency.

What does this sign mean?

What does this sign mean?

Limited Clearance SPT - You may use this telephone because protection is provided by the presence of your train.

Draw three other types of miniature limited clearance signs?

What is the risk if the driver does not understand what the signs mean?

The driver could potentially be hit by a passing train if they were to not understand the signs and as a result used a Limited Clearance SPT without realising the dangers surrounding their use.

What two things must you ensure when using a mobile phone to contact the signaller?

- You must confirm that you are talking to the correct signaller.

- You must ensure that the signaller clearly understands your location (which line you are on and what signal your train is standing at.)

You have been given authority to proceed past a signal under TBW. What 2 things must you do before moving?

- Temporary Isolate the TPWS

- Reset the DRA

Name 3 people which can give authority to pass a signal at danger?

- The Signaller

- A Handsignaller, Shunter or Pilotman acting on the signallers instructions.

- Any other person authorised in the rules.

What two things must you be clear about before passing signal at danger or making a wrong-direction movement?

You must fully understand what is required and how far the movement can go.

What must you make sure in in your readback when you have been asked to pass a signal at danger to avoid any confusion?

You must readback the signal number to pass and any other important information.

Name 6 occasions when you may be asked to pass a signal at danger

D - Defective Signal
E - Electric Train
A - Assist a failed train
L - Level crossing faulty
E - Examine line
R - Restricted acceptance (absolute block)
S - Shunting

S- Start ahead of signal
E- Engineering Possesion
E- Engineering Worksite

S- Single line
P- Pilotman working
E- Evacuate passengers (failed train)
E- Emergency permissive working
D- Divided train

What are the first two things you would do when ready to pass a signal at danger?

- Reset the DRA

- Press the Train Stop Override

When proceeding through a section after passing a signal at danger (with authority) what would you do when approaching any points?

- Approach cautiously and only pass over when it is safe to do so (points are in the correct position)

- If the points are in the correct position you can pass over but at no more than 15mph

What speed would you travel at after passing a signal at danger and what would you take into account when deciding this speed?

Proceed cautiously and at a reduced speed where you can stop short of any obstructions or trains.

Taking in to account rail conditions, trains braking capacity, the distance ahead which you can see is clear (allowing for darkness, fog, snow, curvature of the line, etc)

After deciding your speed when passing a signal at danger what should you be able to do if necessary.

Stop within the distance you can see to be clear.

What are the dangers if you were not able to adhere to the instructions previously?

You could potentially have a derailment or collision.

You have been asked to pass a signal at danger and to obey all other signals by the signaller and proceeding through the signal section, what must you be expecting the next signal to show and when can you resume normal running?

You must next expect the next signal to show a danger signal. You can resume normal running once the whole of your train has passed a proceed aspect.

When would TBW be introduced over a line?

During an extensive failure or disconnection of equipment where two or more consecutive main aspect stop signals may have to be passed at danger.

On what type of line is TBW not permitted?

Single Line

Name 3 ways a driver may be informed that TBW is in operation

- WON (section B)

- Late Notice Case

- Signaller when approaching the area

Name 5 things you would find on a TBW ticket

- Which line the TBW applies

- Between which signal numbers the TBW applies

- Which signal number to pass at danger to enter the TBW section

- Which signals to ignore

- Maximum speed through the section

- Any level crossings to approach cautiously and check they are clear before passing over

- Not to exceed 15mph over any points

- Any additional instructions to observe

- Which signal to stop at and the end of the TBW section

- Your train reporting number

- Time and date

What speed would you do through:


- Over any points

- Over facing points clamped out of use

50mph - TBW

15mph - Over any points

50 mph - Over facing points clamped out of use

What 5 things would you do when you approach and reach a signal at the end of TBW section before you then leaving the TBW section?

- Stop

- Hand in the TBW ticket to the Handsignaller

- Obtain the handsignallers permission before proceeding.

- If required to pass a signal at danger you must wait for the Handsignaller to give you authority by displaying a yellow flag.

- Reinstate TPWS

Name 2 occasions where you may be authorised to enter a TBW section without a TBW ticket.

- To assist a disabled train or to remove a portion of a divided train.

- When propelling a unit from the rear and you are not driving from the leading cab (you will be shown the ticket but carried by the lead driver).

During the occasions in the previous question who would normally give you permission to enter the section and what speed would you travel at?

The signaller will give you permission and you must proceed as per passing a signal at danger under the signallers authority. This means you must proceed cautiously and be able to stop within the distance you can see to be clear.

Name 5 occasions where you might be authorised to make a wrong direction movement

- Over-running a platform (returning)

- Take a Wrong Route (returning)

- Blocked Line

- Can not continue forward due to failure

- To assist another train

- Train divided and front part is to return to the rear portion

- Engineering train is to move toward or from a line under possession

- Shunting movement is to be made through points that are worked from a groundframe

- Single line working is in operation

-Rail grinding train is to return to extinguish a lineside fire

Who is ultimately responsible for giving permission to make a unsignalled wrong direction movement?

The SIgnaller

When making an unsignalled wrong direction movement what additional instructions are there concerning...

- The warning horn

- Passing over unworked points

- If you come accross a crossing with red & green warning lights

Warning Horn - Give frequent short blasts to warn anyone on or near the line

Unworked points - Only pass over if been told they are secured and it is safe to do so. Do not exceed 15mph.

Crossing with red & green warning lights - Approach at caution, Stop short of crossing, sound the horn, pass over if it safe to do so.

What lights would you display on your train in the following situations?

- A movement in the wrong direction for less than 400m

- A movement in the wrong direction for more than 400m

- An assisting train moving towards a failed train (assistance from the front)


A movement in the wrong direction for less than 400m - Do not change the lights

- A movement in the wrong direction for more than 400m - marker lights and headlight facing towards the direction of the wrong direction movement will proceed and tail lights at the other end.

- An assisting train moving towards a failed train (assistance from the front) - Marker lights and headlight on both ends

You are waiting to start a DO train from a staffed station with CD and RA, explain the sequence of events.

1. The station staff will operate the Train Ready to Start plunger.

2. When the station work is complete the station staff will give a CD indicator.

3. Driver closes doors and waits for interlock.

4. Station staff will carry out train safety check ensuring no one is trapped in doors, etc.

5. If everything is ok you will be given the RA indicator.

6. Check to see if there is a proceed aspect before starting the train.

What would you do if you received the RA before you interlock illuminated?

You must check the doors for obstructions yourself as the station staff have not done their train safety check correctly.

What are the dispatch methods for a DO train at a manned station which does not have the CD and RA indicators? Day and Night

Station work complete

Day - Either a dispatch bat or one arm raised above the head

Night - A white light held steadily

Ready to Start (Right Away)

Day - A green flag waved above head from side to side

Night or poor visibility - A green light held steadily above the head

You have stopped at a 8 car marker and the monitors are not working. You look out the window but can not see the length of the train due to the platform curvature. What would you do to ensure you safely depart and what would you do regarding the monitors?

Get out of the cab and walk along the platform until you can see all the doors and if safe to do so before closing the doors.

Get out of the cab again to check all doors have safely closed and no bill lights are lit.

Go back to the cab and close your door and check to see if you get interlock.

Report the defective monitors to the signaller.

What is the normal maximum amount of people you can have in your cab at any one time?

4 maximum (including the driver)

Only exception is if the holder of a green cab pass endorsed 'authorised to instruct and assess'

Who is responsible for enforcing cab discipline?

The Driver

What are the risks if cab discipline is not adhered to?

Could lead to the driver being distracted which could lead to a safety of the line incident.

Which colour cab passes tells the driver that the person can assist them with laying protection in an emergency?

Yellow, Green and Blue

Which colour cab pass means the holder must be accompanied by another can pass holder?


You are working a non-stop passenger train which has stopped at a signal at danger at a platform you are not booked to stop at. The signal clears, what must you do before proceeding?

You must look back and make sure it is safe to start the train (in case someone has tried to force the doors, etc)

Can you use the PA or GSM-R on the move? explain

Yes you can if you deem it safe to do so. You must not let their use to distract you from safely operating the train.

If the GSM-R bursts into life as you are approaching a signal at danger and you are finding it distracting, what should you do?

Unless it is a STOP message you should ignore the GSM-R and stop at the signal you are lready planning to stop at. If you are unable to block it out and becoming distracted then you should stick the brake into step 3 and come to a stand before answering.

What can emergency equipment must be available in all cabs?

- At least 10 detonators

- 1 Red Flag

- 2 Track Circuit Operating Clips

- 1 AFFF Fire Extinguisher

- Any other equipment specific to that unit (eg. short circuiting bar.

Name all the Buzzer Codes









1 - Stop

2 - Ready to Start

3 - Set Back

3-2-1 - Testing Doors

3-3 - Cab to Cab

4 - Slow Down

6 - Draw Forward

9 - Police Assistance Required

Name 6 occasions a driver should sound the warning horn?

- Anyone on or near the line

- Whistle Boards

- Train in distress

- When making an Unsignalled Wrong Direction Movement

- Before moving in a possession

- Before starting a movement in a yard, depot or siding

- Any other time you consider neccessary

What two times can you take a passenger train over a goods line?

- The arrangements are published in the WON

- In an emergency situation where you have been authorised by the signaller

List the occasions under normal circumstances where you must perform a running brake test

- When first taking charge of a train at a suitable speed before your first stopping point

- At any other time the driver needs to test the braking performance (eg. deteriorating weather or rail conditions or change in braking characteristics)

How would you perform a running brake test?

- Must get to a suitable speed which is high enough to notice the reduction in speed to ensure that the brakes are functioning effectively.

- Apply step 2 or 3 and and if happy then ensure brakes are fully released before applying power

- If driving a 319 you must make at least 1 step 3 application from a speed above 80mph on each journey to help condition the brakes.

How would you perform a running brake test in the snowy conditions and how often would you do it?

- Perform a running brake test every 3-5 minutes by applying the brake in full service/step 3 and achieving a 10 mph reduction.

What could happen if you did not perform the running brake test correctly in snowy conditions?

Your brake rigging could be frozen or your pads could aquaplane over the brakes which would reduce your braking force and could cause an incident.

What speed would you travel at if driving a disc braked train in snowy conditions and what additional thing must you do if driving dynamic braked train?

- If driving a disc braked train run at 10mph below line speed (you do not need to reduce to less than 50mph)

- If driving a train with dynamic brakes you must isolate in each motor coach and endorse the repair book accordingly

When must the conducting driver drive then train when they have been asked to conduct?

If the conductor has signed both the route and traction.

When a train is being conducted who is responsible for the safe working of the train?

The conductor

List at least 4 things which you would show to a conducting driver before you start to work a train which they have never been on that type of traction before?

- Emergency equipment

- How to lower the Pantograph in an emergency

- How the train can be stopped in an emergency

- Show the location and how the driving controls are operate

- Braking performance of the train

- Weight and formation

- Sight restrictions and blind spots

If you were conducting a driver over a route list some things you would need to advise them about

- Speed Restrictions

- Braking Points

- Gradients

- Signal Spacing

- Low Adhesion Sites

- Multi-Spad Signals

- At-Risk Signals

- Stations

- Junctions

If you were the conducting a train approaching a red signal and the driver fails to respond to your instructions what would you do?

- Stop the train immediately to prevent a SPAD or safety of the line incident and discuss your actions with the driver.

List 4 things you might need to mention to a driver who has just relieved you

- Any operating instructions such as TBW, SLW or signal failures

- Any defects with the trian

- Any special stop orders (SSO)

- Low Rail Adhesion conditions

- If train is running late the reasons for the delay (to relay to the customers)

- Number of coaches on the train

- Any other relevant information

Indicate whether the following level crossings are automatic or manned


- Automatic half barrier

- Barrow

- Red & Green Light

- MCB or MG


CCTV - Manned

Automatic half barrier - Automatic

Barrow - Automatic

Red & Green Light - Automatic

MCB or MG - Manned

UWC - Manned

What does taking control of a local crossing entail?

- Attendant located at the crossing to authorise trains over the cross by using handsignals (using either a green or red flag.

- May also operate the crossing controls locally from the crossing.

Name 4 occasions when local control will need to be taken at an automatic half barrier crossing.

- Failure of the crossing equipment

- A train falls within the crossing controls

- Road works or accident near the crossing affecting the traffic over the crossing

- Repair or renewal of equipment

- Wrong direction movement where wrong direction controls are not fitted

- Crossing is in the confines of an engineers possession

- Train, trolley or road/rail vehicles require to make movements within the crossing controls

During a failure of crossing equipment, when can a signaller authorise a train to pass an automatic half barrier before local control has been taken?

As long as either the road signals or barriers are still working

What handsignal would you expect to see approaching a level crossing under local control and what handsignal would expect to see to authorise you to pass the crossing?

Approaching - Red flag

Proceed - Green flag

You are stopping at a red signal just after the crossing under local control with an attendant present, what is the danger when you approach the signal?

The attendant will show you a green handsignal to proceed over the crossing but this does not also give you permission to pass the red signal. If you are unaware of this or distracted by the crossing you could mistakenly pass the red signal at danger.

Draw the track sign you would see approaching a level crossing in the wrong direction which is fitted with wrong direction controls showing 25mph. At what point must you be doing 25mph?

Explain what a permissible speed restriction board looks like for a 60mph restriction

Either a white circle with a red outline and 60 in black writing


A cut out of the numbers 60 in yellow

Draw a warning board the above restriction and what might it have with it?

Might have a permanent aws magnet  180m before it if the speed reduction is more than 1/3rd

Might have a permanent aws magnet 180m before it if the speed reduction is more than 1/3rd

What types of trains do the following letters apply to on a permanent speed board:






EPS - Enhanced permissible speed (tilt train)

EMU - Electrical Multiple Unit

DMU - Diesel Multiple Unit

SP - Sprinter Trains

HST - High Speed Trains

Explain what a differential speed board is and what the figures apply to

A speed board which signifies two different speeds which apply to different types of train.

The bottom speed is always the highest figure and applies to Passenger Trains, Parcels and Postal Trains, Light Locomotives

The top speed is the lower speed and applies to all other trains, usually freight.

Explain the equipment you would see on the approach to a 20mph TSR

How is service braking distance worked out?

It is worked out for the highest speed/heaviest train permitted over that route.

How would a warning board or speed indicator look for a 20mph TSR that flies over a set of points to the left of the straight route?

The TSR warning board or speed indicator would have an arrow underneath the speed and pointing to the left.

What board would be shown at a warning board and speed indicator for a TSR which has been withdrawn or not imposed?

Spate Indicator will replace the boards


Replacing the speed shown on the warning board and speed indicator to show the line speed.

How would you be reminded of a speed restriction leaving a platform or sidings?

A repeating warning board will be provided to remind the driver of the speed restriction in place.

Name 5 times when a TSR will become an ESR

N - Not published in the WON

E - Eased to show a higher speed but then reimposed at the lower speed

R - Reimposed after being withdrawn or removed

D - Different time to that in the WON

S - Slower speed than speed publish in the WON

How would you be informed of an ESR when boards have not yet be erected what info would you receive?

You will be informed by the signaller who will tell you:

- Which line is affected

- Where the restriction starts and ends

- The speed of the restriction (will not be more than 20mph)

What does an emergency indicator look like and where would it be positioned in relation to the warning board?

Will be placed 180m before the warning board and will also have another portable AWS magnet 180m prior to the Emergency Indicator

Will be placed 180m before the warning board and will also have another portable AWS magnet 180m prior to the Emergency Indicator

What reasons would a Blanket Speed Restriction be introduced and what boards would be erected?

Usually introduced during bad weather such as high winds, heavy snow or exceptional low rail adhesion in the area.

There are no boards provided for blanket speed restrictions.

Explain what will be done with the equipment if the portable AWS magnet falls to close to the main aspect signal.

The electro magnet in the fixed AWS magnet for the signal will be disconnected. This will mean the AWS horn will warn even when the signal is green.

List two things you might note at a TSR which you would need to tell the signaller immediately

- Is missing

- Fall over

- Different place from what is published in the WON

- Is more restrictive than shown in the WON