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38 Cards in this Set

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Compliance:

yielding to recommendations or will of others

Motivation:

-a precursor to action that can be indirectly measured through behavioral consequences or results


- defined as a psychological force that moves a person toward some kind of action

Adherence:

implies support of or commitment to a POC

Noncompliance:

describes resistance of the individual to follow a predetermined regimen

Name 5 reasons for noncompliance?

May be due to knowledge, motivation, side effects of Rx, disease issues, prognosis, depression/fear

Self-efficacy theory

based on persons expectations to a specfic course of actionIn other words, is defined as people’s confidence in their ability to achieve a specific goal in a specific situation

Stages of Change

PrecontemplationContemplationPreparationActionMaintenanceTermination

Moral model

view disabilities as sinful. Individuals and families experience guilt and shame. May be denied care

Rehabilitative model

Medical and rehabilitation models view disabilities as problems requiring intervention, with the goal being cure or reduction of perceived deficiency

Disabilities model

embraces disability as a normal part of life and views social discrimination rather than the disability itself as the problemCenters around barriers in society that limit opportunities

Dyslexia—

language disorder that can result in reading difficulty, problems with writing and spelling and delays in speech

Expressive aphashia

Broca’s area. Understand what is being said to them but they have difficulty conveying their thoughts

Receptive aphasia

Wernicke’s area. Needed for reading and auditory comprehension. Like comprehending a foreign language

Controlling chronic illness

Prevention of medical crisis and management of problems, Control of symptoms,Carrying out plan and adherence to self-care,Prevention of or living with social isolation

Health educator

You must be creative, innovative, flexible and persistent

5 approaches to effective lecture

Use an opening summaryPresent key termsOffer real life examplesUse analogiesUse visual examples

advantages of lectures

cost effectiveefficient cognitive learningprovides foundational background

disadvantages of lectures

largely ineffective influencing and psychomotor domain not much stimulation or involvement of learned motornot account individual difference learning style background and attention span

One-to-one instruction Advantages

Pace and content tailored 2. Effective for teaching behaviors in all three areas of learning (Cognitive (thinking), Affective (feeling), Psychomotor (physical)) 3. Ideal for intervention for initial assessment and ongoing eval of learner

1 to 1 instructions disadvantages

Isolated from others with similar concerns this can put the learners on the spot (don’t let them feel like you are talking AT them)

-Pre contemplative:

pt. hasn’t even thought about changing, like post ankle Fx, and pt. has never even thought about getting around with crutches. PT has to “sow seeds” about the changes they will need to do

-Contemplative

pt. has begun to think about it (its on their radar now). Give ideas of what they have to address; tell them about running shoes when pt. starts to think about beginning exercise

-Preparation

this is a lot of times why the pt. is in for PT; they hurt or do some research, but they are ready to start a program. Need to be like a coach. Give them steps to succeed, and YES/YES questions.

-Action:

pt. says “what do I need to do?” Encourage action of the new/good behavior

-Maintenance:

continue the changes/behaviors (like stretching, exercise, etc) Problem here: what doesn’t get checked doesn’t get done (like we don’t study something that we aren’t being tested on it).

characteristics of effective listener?

desire, commitment, patient

3 activities of active listening?

paying attention, asking questions, reflecting



SOLAR

Sit slightly forwardMaintain an Open relaxed postureLook into the other person’s eyesPay Attention to what the other person is sayingReflect what the other person says

cognitive domain order

-acquisition → comprehension → application

Affective Domain

-Relates to the patients interests, attitudes, appreciation and values.

Psychomotor domain

-Being able to teach and learn motor skills-Like if you were an athlete and developed skills to perform the sport

Teaching your students

-Students tend to overemphasize the cognitive domain b/c that is what they are exposed to in school ie.. longwinded explanations, anatomy charts etc…..-This can leave the pt all glazed over….

-Behaviorism

-Use it when you decide to focus w/ pt’s on attaining a specific goal-Breaking down a task into skill components-Giving clear direction on how to perform it-Giving pt’s positive feedback immediately after performing successful maneuver-Example is teaching a pt. how to stretch their hamstrings

-Gestalt-problem solving

-Engagement of purposeful activities performed in realistic settings as a condition of learning-Teacher creates an environment for pt. to perform tasks that stimulate thinking and then participate in jt. Problem solving with the learner.

-D personality teaching

-What is this material about?-Let me help teach the class?-Be quick and to the point-Let me be in charge-I want to do things my own way

-I personality teaching

-I learn best in a relaxed atmosphere-Let’s learn by playing games-I enjoy being creative-I’ll understand if I can see it-I want to do things the fun way

-S personality teaching

-Slow down a little so I can process these changes-Go over it one more time-Help me understand this-I want to please you-I want to do things the easy way

-C personality

-Answer my questions with quality information-Give me facts and figures-Let me do extra credit-Explain your expectations-I want to do things the right way-Learn your style, how you like to teach and understand there are different ways that others can learn and like to learn.-Adjust your style to meet your pt’s needs.