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14 Cards in this Set

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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

A chronic condition in which the heart doesn't pump blood as well as it should

Type 2 Diabetes (Insulin Independent)

A condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by either a lack of insulin or the body's inability to use insulin efficiently. In type 2 diabetes, it becomes increasingly difficult for the body's cells to absorb and use the insulin (therefore sugar accumulates)

Type 1 Diabetes (Insulin Dependent)

Type 1 diabetes is a result of a damaged pancreas that leaves the organ producing either very little insulin or none at all

Lactic acidosis

Lactic acidosis is when lactic acid builds ups in the bloodstream faster than it can be removed. Lactic acid is produced when oxygen levels in the body drop.The most common cause of lactic acidosis is intense exercise. A common medicine used to treat diabetes called Metformin can also cause lactic acidosis. Symptoms may include: Nausea and Weakness.

Hives vs. Rash

Typically, hives are raised bumps; these bumps are often itchy and bothersome. Rashes, on the other hand are inflamed rather than raised. Rashes may or may not have itching involved. Hives, for instance, are nearly always from a reaction to an allergen. Other reasons for hives include sun exposure, excessive heat, and changes in pressure.On the other hand, a wide variety of things can cause a rash. For a simple allergy reaction, hives will normally go away on their own. An over-the-counter remedy to reduce itching may be recommended. For persistent cases, a drug such as loratadine may be prescribed.

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal infection that usually begins between the toes. It occurs most commonly in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes.Signs and symptoms of athlete's foot include a ...

Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal infection that usually begins between the toes. It occurs most commonly in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes.Signs and symptoms of athlete's foot include a scaly rash that usually causes itching, stinging and burning. Athlete's foot is contagious and can be spread via contaminated floors, towels or clothing.Athlete's foot is closely related to other fungal infections such as ringworm and jock itch. It can be treated with over-the-counter antifungal medications, but the infection often recurs. Prescription medications also are available.Athlete's foot is caused by the same type of fungus that causes ringworm and jock itch. Damp socks and shoes and warm, humid conditions favor the organisms' growth.

Candidiasis

Candida is a genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide. Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus Candida. Candida yeasts normally live on the skin and mucous membranes without causing infection; however, overgrowth of these organisms can cause symptoms to develop. Candidiasis in the vagina is commonly referred to as a “yeast infection.”

Psoriasis (suh-RY-uh-sus)



Thick, red patches of skin covered with white or silvery scales are signs of psoriasis. Doctors know how psoriasis works -- your immune system triggers new skin cells to grow too quickly -- but they don't now what causes it.  The patches sho...

Thick, red patches of skin covered with white or silvery scales are signs of psoriasis. Doctors know how psoriasis works -- your immune system triggers new skin cells to grow too quickly -- but they don't now what causes it. The patches show up on your scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. They can heal and come back throughout your life. Treatments include creams and ointments for your skin, light therapy, and medications taken by mouth, injection, or IV.

Skin Tags

This small flap of flesh-colored or slightly darker tissue hangs off your skin by a stalk. They're usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often on women and elderly people. T...

This small flap of flesh-colored or slightly darker tissue hangs off your skin by a stalk. They're usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often on women and elderly people. They aren’t dangerous and usually don't cause pain unless they become irritated when clothing or nearby skin rubs against them. A doctor can cut, freeze, or burn them off

Age Spots

These pesky brown or gray spots aren’t really caused by aging, though they do become more common as you get older. You get them from exposure to sunlight, which is why they tend to appear on your face, hands, and arms. You can try bleach creams,...

These pesky brown or gray spots aren’t really caused by aging, though they do become more common as you get older. You get them from exposure to sunlight, which is why they tend to appear on your face, hands, and arms. You can try bleach creams, acid peels, and light-based treatments to fade them. See a dermatologist to rule out serious problems like melanoma, a type of skin cancer

Eczema

Eczema is a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that cause inflamed, red, dry, and itchy skin. Doctors aren't sure what makes eczema start in the first place, but they do know that stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and clim...

Eczema is a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that cause inflamed, red, dry, and itchy skin. Doctors aren't sure what makes eczema start in the first place, but they do know that stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and climate can trigger flares. In adults, it often appears on the elbows, hands, and in skin folds. Several medications treat eczema. Some are spread over the skin, and others are taken by mouth or as a shot.

Rosacea

Rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) is a common skin condition that causes redness in your face and often produces small, red, pus-filled bumps. Rosacea can be mistaken for acne

Rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) is a common skin condition that causes redness in your face and often produces small, red, pus-filled bumps. Rosacea can be mistaken for acne

Hyperthyroidism

Thyroid hormones control metabolism, so excessive amounts of T4 or T3 cause a metabolic rate that is too high. This is called a hyper-metabolic state. People with hyperthyroidism typically have rapid heart rates, weight loss, and heat intolerance

Pulmonary Emphysema

Abnormal permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of the alveolar wall and without obvious fibrosis". Emphysema is one of the entities grouped together as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease