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16 Cards in this Set

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A part is above another part, or closer to the head.

The nose is superior to the mouth


A part is below another part, or closer to the feet.

The heart is inferior to the neck

Anterior (Ventral)

Toward the front surface

The heart is anterior to the vertebral column

Posterior (Dorsal)

A part is toward the back.

The heart is posterior to the sternum


Toward, or nearer, the midline of the body

The nose is medial to the ears


Toward, or nearer, the side, away from the midline.

The ears are lateral to the eyes


A part is closer to a point of attachment, or closer to the trunk of the body, than another part

The elbow is proximal to the wrist


A part is farther away from a point of attachment than is another part

The fingers are distal to the wrist


A part is located on or near the surface.

The superficial layer of skin is the epidermis.


A part is away from the surface.

Muscles are deep to the skin.


Pertains to internal organs or the covering of the organs

The visceral pericardium covers the heart


Refers to the wall of abdominal cavity

Sagittal plane

A lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions

Midsagittal plane

A cut that passes through the midline of the body which divides the body into right and left halves

Transverse plane (horizontal plane)

Perpendicular to the sagittal plane and cuts across the body horizontally to divide it into superior and inferior portions sometimes called cross sections

Frontal plane

Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions