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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Preoperational: Cannot conserve - tell change in shape does not mean change in volume

Concrete Operational: Conservation develops - can tell change in shape does not change volume

Formal Operational:
Erikson's eight stages
Ego Identity vs Role Confusion - adolescent
Moral Development

Beliefs progress in sequence with cognitive development. Many remain fixed at earlier stage.

Consequences of our actions

External standards of authority

Universal standards of conscience
Zone of proximal development - gap between what child can do alone and what they can do with assistance
Delinquency in adolescence
Linked to uninvolved parents - weak supervision, hostility or indifference
Aging and memory
Secondary memory (recent long-term) most adversely affected
Aggressiveness in children due to:

Imitation of parents aggressive behavior

Parents reinforcing aggressive behavior
Bronfenbrenner - Mesosystem
Interconnection between different aspects of the microsystem (the connection between family and school).
Adolescent egocentrism:

Imaginary audience
Confluence model:

First-born greater intellectual ability

As number of children increases, energy devoted to each child's intellect decreases
National Survey of Children
Divorce can produce negative consequences by early adulthood.
Cocaine in utero
Oversensitivity to sensory stimulation
WAIS-III and brain damage
Most sensitive:
Digit Span
Digit Symbol Coding

Least Sensitive:
(Good indicators of premorbid functioning)
More sensitive at outer extremes than WISC-III. Gifted will score higher, retarded will score lower.
Assess retarded functioning
Vineland Social Maturity Inventory

Dx of MR requires deficits in adaptive functioning
Brain Damage and WAIS-III Scatter
Too many false positives.

Anxious and highly educated score scatter similar to brain damage.
Reading Disability
Associated with phonological processing deficiencies in children.

Associated with syntactic knowledge deficits in adults.