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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

5 W's on a find

What


Where


When


Why


Who

5 C's

Confirm


Clear


Cordon


Control


Check

MISPP

Main Charge


Initiator


Switch


Power Source


Packaging

Defenition of a search

The capability to locate specified targets using intelligence assement s systematic proceedures and appropriate detection techniques.

Aim of Counter Terrorism

To assist in defeating terrorism, the threat of terrorism and making our communities feel safer.

A search officer is what level

Level 2

PIPER?

Progress


Individual


Previous


Evidential


Recordable

PLAN

Proportionate


Legal


Accountability


Neccesity

What is CONTEST and its key objectives

The UK strategy for countering terrorism



Pursue


Prevent


Protect


Prepare



What are the principals of a search

Safety


Forensic Recovery


Systematic Search

Categories of a find

Explosive Find


Non explosive find


Firearms find

Vehicle search locations

Inside clean


Boot clean


Outside dirty


Engine dirty


Underneath dirty

Reference Points

Permanant


Prominent


Not too Artificial

Phases of a Building Search?

Planning


Entry


Systematic Search


Exit

Canal

Concealment/Camoflauge


Available for immediate use


Non attributable


Accessible


Locatable by Day or night

Types of hide

Long term hide


Transit hide


Short term Hide

Terrorist Methods

Physical Assault


Shooting


Explosive Device or bombs


Thrown or projected devices

Terrorist Resources

People


Munitions


Support Material

Offensive search aims?

Gather intelligence


Gain evidence


Deprive terrorist of resources

Area search proceedure

Establish ICP


Select ref points from ICP


Boundary walk


Ref Point search visual spiral 15m


Boundary Search overlap 1m


Open area search 2m gap max between officers.

Team Leader Role

Provide adequate Supervision


Quality assurance of proceedures


Monitor Risks within enviroment

Scribe Documentation role

Progress of the search is recorded.


Individual search responsibilities recorded


Previous search records can aid future plans.


Evidential records kept of what has been done.


Recordable and relevent intelligence gained.

Order of tasking Resources on Search?

Explosive/Particle Vapour detection team


Explosive Search Dog detection team


Specialist Search Equipment


Systematic Search

CONTEST pursue

To stop terrorist attacks

Contest Prevent

To stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism

Protect

To strengthen our protection against a terroist attack

Prepare

To mitigate the impact of terrorist attack

Indirect Fire Mortar Distance

200 meter radius around the assessed target, point of impact, anything that has landed and the MPB


100 meters either side of the flight path

What to do in Control Phase

Get behind hard cover and out of line of sight.

Phases of vehicle Search

Initial Checks


Equipment


Main search

Threats on a route search to look for

Blast/Fragmentation Device


Direct Fire mortar


Explosivly Formed projextile

Defensive Venue Search places that require searching

Premises potential target visit


Premesis where target will stay overnight


Sections of the route


Arrival and departure locations

Defensive Search phases

Pre search


Main search


Isolation and maintinence

Seals should be

Uniquely identifiable


Tamper evident


Unobtrusive

Vulnerable Point search defenition

Those locations on a route where a terroist is more likely to place a device than elsewhere

Route search method

Stop 20m before ICP


Search 50m either side of ref point


Officers search 10m apart

IIMARCH

Information


Intention


Method


Administration


Risk Assesment


Communications


Human Rights


Seals have to be

Tamper evident


Unique Identifying number


Placed in unobtrusive position

What is the purpose of a cordon on main search

Maintain a sterile area

How do POLSA assign levels of floor

Sector

Licensed search officers need to do what to stay Qualified.

No inactivity of six months.



Two day refresher training every 12 months.



Minimum of Four searches in a twelve month period.

The aim of a Counter Terrorism Search

To assist in defeating terrorism. The threat of terrorism. Making our communities feel safer.

Defenition of a Search

The capability to locate specified targets using Intelligence assessment systematic procedures and appropriate detection techniques.

Search Levels

Level 1 Standard Search


Level 2 LSO


Level 3 Specialist search

Structure of a Search Team and roles

Team Leader - Adequate Supervision, quality assurance of procedures, monitor risks within environment.



Scribe - Responsibility for documentation


P. I. P. E. R



IT IS REQUIREMENT OF LAW TO MAKE RECORD OF SEARCH

What is the aim of CONTEST

The aim of CONTEST is to reduce risk to the UK and its interests overseas from terrorism, so that people can go about thier lives freely and with confidence.

Methods a Terrorist may use.

Physical Assault



Shooting



Explosive Devices or Bombs



Thrown or projected devices

The main principles that govern the actions of a finder are

Safety


Evidence


Concealment

Types of find

Explosive


Non explosive


Firearms

Actions on Clear phase

Alert search partner and team leader



Alert force control



Move behind hard cover and out of line of sight



Do not use Airwave within 15 meters handheld



50 meters vehicle



Clear obstructions



Mark route if safe



Wedge open doors



Do not touch light switches

Clearance Distance

Up to briefcase size 100m



Briefcase to small vehicle 200m



Large vehicle 400m

If a Mortar Base Plate is found (indirect fire) what are recommended clearance Distance?

200m around MBP



200m around assessed target



200m around point of impact



200m around any blinds



100m either side of flight path

A cordon can be held under what power?

Terrorism Act 2000

Cordons should be searched to what range and why?

20 meter radius looking for secondary devices.

Categories of a person search

Initial person search



Detailed Person Search



Strip search



Intimate Person Search

Person Search Procedure

Searches work in pairs



Attribute property carried



Searcher does not get distracted/intimidated



Watch for NVCs



Should be systematic



Never pat. Use sliding motion.

Three phases of a vehicle Search

Initial Checks... Take occupants out attribute items/pnc/360



Equipment... Particle detection/bomb detection dogs/specialist equipment



Main search.... Searches conducted

Boot search method

Boot lid searched first



Contents in situe



Search boot compartment



Spare wheel

The priorities in any search Operation Are

Safety


Forensic Recovery


Systematic Search

Building Search procedures are considered in four distinct phases

Planning


Entry


Systematic Search


Exit

Briefing for a building Search should follow what format

IIMARCH



Information


Intention


Method


Admin


Risk Assessment


Communications


Human Rights

Initial actions a team leader must take before search commences

Inspect premises for existing damage


Request occupant signs for damage recorded


Procedure for recommended search of building

Stand at entry point. Look and listen



Identify to team leader visually obvious and relevant items for recovery.



Carry out risk assessment to identify hazards



Search entry point.



Search furniture and fittings in situe



Move furniture to one half of room



Consider lifting floorboards and carpets



Check dimensions of room



On completion return to original state and report damage caused

As a Searcher whilst searching you must consider?

Use eyes and be aware of void



Work as a pair, talk, maintain motivation



Minimise damage



Be aware of health and safety

Examples of a Reference Point

Corner of a fence



End of a wall



A signpost



A lone tree

Area Search Procedure

Establish ICP search 20 meters



Select Ref Points from ICP



Boundary Walk



Ref Point Search



Boundary Search



Open area search

Open area search what distance between searchers

Max 2 meters

Boundary Search overlap

1 meter



Best practise to search twice



One pair move clockwise



Other pair anticlockwise

Ref Point Search method

Stop 15 meters short



Observe top to bottom 360 check for secondary ref points



Fingertip search primary and secondary re points out to 1 meter.



Visually search the primary ref point spiralling outwards from 1 to 15 meters

Actions on a find on open area search

Confirm



Conceal



Continue

Route devices require some form of remote. What are they?

Command Wire



Radio Control

Route Search Composition

1 x Team Leader



1 x Scribe



2 x Road Searchers... Search from centre of the road to the verge 0-1 meter from roadside.



Hedgerow searchers... Search from 1-5 meters from either side of the road.



Flankers.



Flankers and members of road party should always have minimum space of what

10 meters and normally move in staggered formation.

Route search procedure

Search team establish VP and stop short 50m



Establish ICP and search out 20m



Flankers isolate VP with box sweep to a minimum of 50 meters



Road party deploy 10 meters between searchers

Main Charge

High explosive materials may be categorised by the speed in which they expand.



These are materials that detonate



These are said to be high explosives



Require a detonator

Main Charge types

Ammonium nitrate based explosives



ANFO


ANS


ANNIE


ANAL



Military explosives



Commercial explosives



Detonation chord



Peroxide based explosives... TATP/HMTD

Military explosive types

Semtex-H


PE4/PE7


TNT block



These explosives require detonator

Commercial Explosive examples

Pitex


Frangex


Quarrex


Gelamax Powergel


Dynamite


Nitramex

Detonating chord is made of what

PETN - pentaerythritol



Explodes 6km per second


Peroxide Based Explosives

High explosives



TATP - Tri acetone tri peroxide



Hexa Methylene Tri Peroxide Diamene

Low Explosive Main Charge

Materials that burn



Sodium Chlorate and sugar (weedkiller and sugar)



Black powder



Fireworks



Shotgun cartridges



Propellant/Chordite

Initiator types

Detonator



Non electric Detenator



Igniter

Detonator

Used to initiate a high explosive charge.



Sensitive explosion used to start off main charge.

Non electric Detenator require

Safety fuse.

Igniter used on what Main charge?

Low Explosive

Switch types

Mechanical Timer


Electrical Timer


Mercury Tilt switch


Micro switch


PIR - Passive Infa Red


Joss Stick


Clothes Peg

Power Source

Battery

Device - Time and Power Unit

TPU contains timer switch and power source.



Some form of arming mechanism.

UVIED

Under Vehicle Improvised Explosive Device



Most commonly have Mercury Tilt Switch.

Incendiary Device

Designed to burn



Contains Igniter and low Explosives

Blast Incendiary

Differs from standard Incendiary



Incorporates High Explosive Main Charge



And



Detonator



With container of Accelerant (fuel) attached.

Indirect Fire Mortar characteristics

Rear spigot holes



Front impact fuse and propeller

Direct Mortar

Has shaped charge



Has propulsion unit or pusher plate



Shaped charge



EFP

Explosive Formed Projectile



Is a self forging warhead