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13 Cards in this Set

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NICHD

Aggression

Longitudinal study of 1000+ students from 10 different locations to investigate effects of day care of children's development

Findings:
- The more time a child spends in day care the higher they were rates aggressive and disobedient by adults
- Childrne in full time day care are likely to show behavioural problems compared to those at home with mother.

EPPE Project sylva et al

Aggression

Longitudinal study on 3000 children aged between 3-7.




Findings:


- Children who spent longer in day care were rated by teachers as "anti-social"
- Also found high quality day care can reduce/eliminate negative effects of longer duration in day care.

Clark-Stewart

Peer relations

Studied 150 children (in different forms of day care) who attended school for the first time.




Findings:
- Children in day care had advancements in social development and social interaction vs those at home looked after by their mothers.

Field 1991

Peer relations

Found that amount spent in day care positively correlated to number of friends children had at school.

EVALUATION POINT - Aggression (Sarah Friedman's study)

Her study found that 83% of children who spent 10-30 hours in day care didn't show higher levels of aggression. ( AGAINST NICHD)

EVALUATION POINT - Aggression (Relsky et al)

Suggested higher material education and higher income lowered the levels of children's problem behaviour, it was suggested that factors at home account for their behaviour rather than day care.

EVALUATION POINT - Peer relations (shy mothers)

Temperament is inherited by children from shy mothers who stay at home and are unsociable, thus those attending day care are more sociable.

EVALUATION POINT - Peer relations (other factors)

Day care isn't only influenced only by childs attachment type but is also influenced by other factors.

EVALUATION POINT - Quality of day care (mediating factors)

High turnover of staff means no SAF is formed and this is associated with negative effects (NICHD 1997)

EVALUATION POINT - Quality of day care (Bryant et al)

Found disturbed children in child-minding setting as emotional bonds are not formed by child minder ( lack of commitment and interest )

EVALUATION POINT - Staff : child

NICHD study found that a good staff to child ratio can provide high quality sensitive care.

EVALUATION POINT - FIELD

Field found positive effects on children with high quality day care on peer relations.

EVALUATION POINT - Pennebaker et al

Shy children found day care frightening, leaving socially competent children in day care.