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66 Cards in this Set

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Who are the major judges?
i. Othniel
ii. Ehud
iii. Deborah
iv. Gideon
v. Jephthah
vi. Samson
vii. Samuel
second book of Jewish and Christian Scripture. It is also defined as a mass departure.
Transition Period
In the history of the Jewish people that began with the settlement of Canaan, or the Promised Land, by Joshua and continued through a time of tribal Confederacy
The book of the law
this scroll was discovered by a priest while cleaning out some old residue behind the altar in the 1st Way, Jerusalem. It is said that the priest, Hilika, took the to the Israelite King Josiah and it inspired his reforms. The book is traditionally credited to Moses. Modern scholars, however suggest that it may have embodied much of what is now found in chapters 12 through 26 in the book of Deuteronomy.
High places
other places of worship and sacrifice beside the temple in Jerusalem
Mosaic Law
the law given to Moses from God on Mount Sinai: the 10 Commandments.
one authorized to perform the sacrament sacred rights of religion, especially an intercessory agent between humankind and God.
Mount Sinai
the sacred mountain also referred to as Horeb, where Moses received the 10 Commandments.
(J) narrative of our most southern source (Judean), probably written during the time of the United Kingdom, during the reign of David and Solomon. This source stresses the importance of YHWH, the God of Israel, as a supreme being of all time.
Deuteronomist Editor
refers to the historians who editorialized Israel's history and in Joshua through 2 Kings (except for Ruth) under the influence of Deuteronomic law,
a crying out: a literary form in the Bible that recounts a situation of distress that can be changed by the intervention of Yahweh's grace.
the book of Psalms
Samuel Source
a viewpoint that was against kingship, particularly in the form of Saul in first Samuel, and
a major source of the stories in first and second Samuel.
752 to 650 B.C.E. during the chaotic time of the divided Kingdom.
Saul Source:
a viewpoint that favors kingship, particularly in the form of Saul in first Samuel,

a major source of the stories in first and second Samuel.
Was probably written in the time of Solomon from 962 until 922 B.C.E.
Wisdom Literature
the three wisdom writings in the Hebrew Bible are Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Job
Caanite Fertility God
Son of Baal
Divided Kingdom Period
922 BCE
split under Rehoboam
a force absence or removal from one's country or home
Former Prophets
the section of the Hebrew Bible which contains the book of Joshua, Judges, first and second Samuel, and first and second Kings

It covers the period of history from the conquering of Canaan to the Babylonian exile
"the original plan of an idea in spirit… The creation is carried forward to an activity of the Holy Spirit."
vii. Israel – Northern Kingdom
this kingdom was formed as a result of the split of United Kingdom during the reign of Rehoboam all, son of Solomon.

The area was composed of the land in the northern part of Palestine, which was originally inhabited by 10 of the 12 tribes of Israel.
viii. Prophet
: a prophet is one who gives forth messages based on direct experience of God.
ix. Samaria
the main – Israel or mid – Galilean area of the land that was divided by adjustable for the tribe are you from; the central area of a Canaanite hill country's major center to Schechem.
x. Satan
the Hebrew and Aramaic etymology of this word literally translates to mean “enemy". This adversary of God and Lord of evil in Judaism and Christianity appear during the restoration
i. Alexander the Great
Alexander of Macedonia was the greatest military leaders in the history of civilization
ii. Chronicler
a person or persons responsible for the writing of the four books of first and second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah,

The writing was probably started in the early post-exilic era, around the time of the construction of the second Temple in 520 B.C.E., until its completion around 400 B.C.E.
iii. Hellenizer
a person committed to the imitation of Greek thought, customs, or styles.
iv. Latter Prophets
known as the Nebi’im this section of the Hebrew Bible comprises the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the 12 (Isaiah, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi).
v. Maccabean Revolt
when the Jewish religion was outlawed by the secular Selecians, a full-scale war erupted in 156 B.C.E. the leader of the resistance, Judas, was also carried the title Maccabeus, which means "hammer".

began the celebration known as Hanukkah
vi. Messiah
Savior or manifestation of God

Literally annointed one
Restoration Period
a period of rebuilding and that took place after the return of the Jews from the Babylonian exile. This restoration took the form of rebuilding the Temple
an Empire formed after the death of Alexander. One of his generals, Seleucus, formed this Empire.
Writing Prophet
one of the two kinds of Hebrew prophets in the Old Testament; The writing prophets have autobiographical he written, or had written for them by a scribe, what they did and said.
a militantly aggressive group existing during the first century CE who opposed the Roman domination of Palestine
Who was the last judge of Israel?
Who was the first king of Israel?
Under whose reign did the kingdom of Israel split into Israel and Judah?
Who Elijah's disciple?
Who is Hezekiah?
The 14th King of Judah. Witnessed the resettlement of the North. Also purged all non YHWH worship from Judah.
Who is Nehemiah?
He was the governor of the Judean Providence under the Persian King. What did he do? He beseeched the King to allow him to return to the city of Jerusalem to refill the walls and rebuild the gates.
Who are the Philistines?
A people that occupied territory on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, south-west of Jerusalem, previously to and contemporaneously with the life of the kingdoms of Israel.
Who are the Assyrians?
The inhabitants or natives of this area, located to the north east of Israel.
collection dates to 100 B.C.E. Praises to God that contain every aspect of God's character. As the hymnal of ancient Israel. Central theme is worship.
is a collection of sayings designed to provide moral instruction it was compiled a number of writings
why do the righteous software is the main theme.
iv. Ecclesiastes: maintain his vanity of vanities. A gloomy picture of existence intertwines with the need for reverence of God.
: main theme is vanity of vanities. A gloomy picture of existence intertwines with the need for reverence of God.
Song of Solomon
: the main point is that the love between God and Israel described is freely given and can be bought and it is unconditional.
The book of lamentations
a collection of five dirges on the destruction of the city of Jerusalem who by Nebuchadnezzar at the time of the Babylonian invasion in 587 BC.

Attributed to the prophet Jeremiah.
The Book of Amos
(760-750 BCE) Prophet of Doom
The Book of Hosea
Main message is God's redeeming love for Israel. Married a prostitute.
First Isaiah
chapters 1 through 21. Southern kingdom message. Emphasizes the holiness of God.
Second Isaiah
(chapter 42-55)
main idea is the notion that God created the world and all it contains is the sole or of history.
Third Isaiah
chapter 56 through 66

calls for repentance of the people against corruption and idolatry and beseeches God have compassion on the people.
The Book of Micah
730 through 700 B.C.E

.). Micah reveals a time of dark judgment lies ahead before the dawn of the new kingdom. Main messages against social sins in Israel and Judah.
The book of Zephaniah
called the prophet of the universal judgment. Prophesizes distress for Judah and the Day of Judgment against pagan nations.
The book of Nahum
667 – 665 BC

describes God is jealous and avenging. Main theme is that God will not abandon Israel unit they had sinned.
The book of Habakkuk
609 – 589 BC

addresses concerns about the punishment of evil, why things happened the way they do, and the ultimate manifestation of God's promises and justice.
The book of Jeremiah
627 – 587 BCE

Reveals a prophets personal experiences and sufferings.

Main theme is a book of comfort that promises God's forgiveness. Supports and converts Judah during its downfall.
150 BCE

Purpose is to explain the Jewish festival Purim
593-563 BCE

Assures readers of the abiding presence of God. His role is holding Israel together through captivity.

prophetic warning against Israel’s enemy Edom.
The theme is put God first. Seeks to reestablish Davidic monarchy.
520-518 BCE

known as the prophet of hope. He looks to the future for political messiah.
500-450 BCE

scolds priest for lack of purity. Instructs the people to remember the covenant.
apocalyptic theme.
Who were the 12 Minor Prophets?
a. Hosea
b. Joel
c. Amos
d. Obadiah
e. Jonah
f. Micah
g. Nahum
h. Habakkuk
i. Zephaniah
j. Haggai
k. Zechariah
l. Malachi