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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Order, genus, species

Primate, homo, sapiens.

*we are the only surviving member of our genus

Primate features (prosimians, monkeys, apes)

Grasping Hands

Flat face, eyees forwards

excellent vision

monkeys/apes - social

prosimians - not

Human characteristics!


Bipedal walking

Reproductive patterns

Behavioral patterns


Size (allometry), neocortex (sight and hearing, thought and language, most evolved, we have more), energy needs (brain uses 20% of metabolic energy)


different body parts grow at different rates, so larger species appear to have smaller brain/body ratio

However - humans have a brain 3x bigger than a primate our size would have

Bipedal Walking

Upright, two feet, anatomical differences (toes, spine promote balance, makes childbirth harder

Reproductive Patterns

Hidden estrus, males and females are relatively same size, no big canine teeth, secondary sexual characteristics (boobs, big dick, orgasms

face each other, emotional bond

Childbirth - hard, needs assistance, too early (should b born at 11mo)

Behavioral Patterns

Socially mediated mating; marriage; integrated male & female social groups; monogamy; families

Biological Anthropology

Population genetics, primatology, paleantology, human variation, apes


Capacity for language, universal grammar, vanishing languages


Digging up bones, specializing in one area, hoping to uncover history & new ideas about what we once were

Cultural Anthropology

Any topic about human expression or social organization in present day using anthropology's distinctive methods

Field work, participant observation, ethnography


Theoretical commitment to studying change through time (Evolution)

How people govern/regulate themselves related to humans as a natural type


Live alone, immersed in another culture for a year

hang out, write notes, know what to look for

background research

Participant Observation

Get in a position where you do things with people and don't just watch them

archival research


Open ended interview; not a questionairre but speaking at length

Survey/structured interviews = statistical data

Jean Briggs

Immersed herself in an eskimo culture (but didn't eat the right food :/), changed her research topic based on the research she conducted. Studied the behavioral patterns of eskimos and their natural lack of showing emotion

Ape and human differences

Abstraction - use of past & future, specific objects from numbers/words, natural use of symbols, emotional control, social cooperation

Emotional control

Much more aggressive and impulsive than humans

Social Cooperation

Small talk, turn-taking, teaching, pointing, cheering other people on, triangle of attention