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24 Cards in this Set

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Ragtime (n.)


a type of lively music that is often played on the piano and that was very popular in the U.S. in the early part of the 20th century

Primarily (adv.)

โดยพื้นฐาน, แรกเริ่ม

used to indicate the main purpose of something, reason for something, etc.

Ex. The game is designed primarily [=mainly] for younger children.

Compose (v.)

ประกอบ, ประพันธ์

1. to come together to form or make (something)

Ex. Our group is composed of [=is made up of; consists of] travelers from 7 countries.

2. to create and write (a piece of music or writing)

Syncopated (adj.)


of, relating to, or having a rhythm that stresses the weak beats instead of the strong beats

Ex. a syncopated melody/rhythm

Steadily (adv.)

Steady (adj.)

อย่างมั่นคง, สม่ำเสมอ

1. not shaking or moving : held firmly in one place or position

2. not changing as time passes: such as

a : not increasing or decreasing

Accented (adj.)

เน้น, พูดสำเนียงต่างประเทศ

1. pronounced with stress

Ex. an accented syllable

2. spoken with a foreign accent

Ex. He spoke heavily/strongly/slightly accented English.

Accompaniment (n.)

ดนตรีบรรเลงประกอบ, สิ่งที่เพิ่มเติม

1. music played to support a person who is singing or playing a musical instrument

2. something that is added to another thing to make it better or more appealing

3. something that is done or that happens at the same time as something else

Gain (v.)


to get (something wanted or valued)

Arrangement (n.)

การจัดเตรียม, การจัดการ, การปรับแต่งบทเพลงใหม่ (ให้ต่างจากต้นฉบับเดิม)


: the way that things or people are organized for a particular purpose or activity : the way that things or people are arranged


: something that is done to prepare or plan for something in the future

3. music : a piece of music that has been changed so that it can be performed by particular types of voices or instruments

Composer (n.)


A person who composes something.

Duple (n.)

ที่มีสองส่วน (ทางดนตรี)

That divided into two parts (musical)

Moderate (adj./n.)



a : average in size or amount : neither too much nor too little

b : neither very good nor very bad

Tempo (n.)


1. the speed at which a musical piece is played or sung

2. plural tempos : the speed at which something moves or happens : pace

Represent (v.)



[+ object]

a : to act or speak officially for (someone or something)

b : to have a government position in which you speak or act for (a particular group, state, etc.)

c : to speak or act for (someone or something) in a court of law

Derive (v.)

กลายมาจาก, ได้รับจาก

1. to take or get (something) from (something else)

Ex. She derived [=received, took] great satisfaction from their friendship.

2. to have something as a source : to come from something

Ex. Much of the book's appeal derives from the personality of its central character.

Vital (adj.)

สำคัญมาก, ที่มีชีวิตชีวา, เกี่ยวกับชีวิต

1. extremely important : crucial

2. very lively or energetic

3. always used before a noun : needed by your body in order to keep living

Improvise (v.)

Improvisation (n.)


1. to speak or perform without preparation

Ex. If you forget any of your lines, try to improvise.

2. to make or create (something) by using whatever is available

Integral (adj.)


very important and necessary

Ex. very important and necessary

Withhold (v.)



: to hold (something) back


: to refuse to provide (something)

Exaggerate (v.)


to think of or describe something as larger or greater than it really is

Interrupt (v.)


1. to cause (something) to stop happening for a time

Ex. His dinner was interrupted by a phone call.

2. to cause (something) to not be even or continuous : to change or stop the sameness or smoothness of (something)

Eloquent (adj.)

Eloquently (adv.)


having or showing the ability to use language clearly and effectively

Ex. an eloquent speech/speaker

Intricate (adj.)

Intricately (adv.)


having many parts, complicated, complex

Ex. intricate machinery

Attach (v.)

เกาะติดกับ, มีความสัมพันธ์กับ

1. to be or become joined or connected

2. to associate or connect one thing with another — + to

Ex. People attach different meanings to the poem. [=people understand the meaning of the poem in different ways]