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200 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the correct terminology for nose reshaping surgery?


A. Rhinoplasty


B. Sinusitis


C. Rhinitis


D. Rhytidectomy

A. Rhinoplasty

Which power tool is used in a craniotomy procedure to make burr holes?


A. Dandy hemostatic clip


B. Midas Rex or cranial perforator


C. Penfield dissector


D. Raney clip

B. Midas Rex or cranial perforator

The transmission mode of an infection caused by contaminated instruments is


A. Direct contact


B. Airborne spread


C. Indirect contact


D. Common vehicle spread

C. Indirect contact

Which handheld retractor is often referred to as a “sweetheart”?


A. Gelpi


B. Harrington


C. Balfour


D. Deaver

B. Harrington

Drugs with a high potential to cause psychological and/or physical abuse are categorized as


A. Thrombins


B. Prescribed medications


C. OTC medications


D. Controlled substances

D. Controlled substances

Drugs are derived from all of the following sources EXCEPT


A. Plants


B. Animals


C. Iatrogenic


D. Minerals

C. Iatrogenic

Which medical terminology refers to the use of the patient’s own blood?


A. Homologous


B. Collagen


C. Autotransfusion


D. EBL

C. Autotransfusion

All of the following are used for occluding blood vessels until they can be lighted EXCEPT


A. Rochester


B. Kelly


C. Kocher


D. Mosquito

C. Kocher

What is the correct medical terminology for removal of the entire breast?


A. Biopsy


B. Lumpectomy


C. Mastectomy


D. Breast augmentation

Mastectomy

The primary goal of the STSR is the use of proper aseptic technique to prevent the transmission of microbes perioperatively and this to prevent


A. Hemostasis


B. Mycology


C. Surgical site infections


D. Surgical conscience

C. Surgical site infections

According to standard practice, when should a mask be changed?


A. Every hour


B. Between every case


C. Once a day


D. Every other case

B. Between every case

A hemostasis is a type of


A. Scissor


B. Retractor


C. Clamp


D. Lighting clip

C. Clamp

____ is used on cut edges of bone as a mechanical barrier to seal off oozing blood.


A. A pledget


B. Cottonoid


C. A peanut


D. Bone wax

D. Bone wax

Which type of drain is a single rubber tube that facilitates drainage by capillary action from a closed or partially closed area and has no collection device?


A. Hemovac


B. Sump


C. Jackson-Pratt


D. Penrose

D. Penrose

____ is a vasoconstrictor that is often mixed with local anesthetic agents to aid local hemostasis.


A. Epinephrine


B. A tranquilizer


C. Phenergan


D. Morphine

A. Epinephrine

The no sterile surgical technologist may be asked to assist in the intubation process by applying _____ pressure.


A. Peer


B. Blood


C. Positive


D. Cricoid

D. Cricoid

All of the following are used for suctioning EXCEPT


A. Frazier


B. Yankhauer


C. Russian


D. Poole

C. Russian

A ____ dressing is a three-layer dressing in which additional material is added to the intermediate layer, or to the layer that is tightly secured, in order to cause compression to the surgical wound.


A. Bulky


B. Rigid


C. One-layer


D. Pressure

D. Pressure

All of the following are wound classification EXCEPT


A. Inflamed


B. Clean


C. Contaminated


D. Dirty

A. Inflamed

All of the following are types of monofilament absorbable suture EXCEPT


A. Plain gut


B. Chromic gut


C. Polyglyconate


D. Polypropylene

D. Polypropylene

The following are ligating methods EXCEPT


A. Reel tie


B. Free tie


C. Stick tie


D. Instrument tie

A. Reel tie

The following are types of needle eyes EXCEPT


A. Closed


B. French


C. Open


D. Swaged

C. Open

The _____ is a fast-healing, thin membrane lining the abdominal cavity that lies beneath the posterior fascia.


A. Fascia


B. Muscle


C. Skin


D. Peritoneum

D. Peritoneum

A drawstring suture placed in a circular fashion around a structure is called


A. A purse-string suture


B. An interrupted suture


C. A continuous suture


D. A mattress suture

A. A purse-string suture

Labored or difficult breathing is termed


A. Eupnea


B. Dyspnea


C. Hyperpnea


D. Apnea

B. Dyspnea

____ gowns are used to shield against gamma rays.


A. Impervious


B. Steel


C. Fire retardant


D. Lead

D. Lead

The electrosurgical ground pad should be placed on the ____ of a patient in most cases.


A. Abdomen


B. Thigh


C. Calf


D. Buttock

B. Thigh

What is the correct position for a total hip arthroplasty?


A. Supine


B. Lithotomy


C. Lateral


D. Jackknife

C. Lateral

The prep area for an open reduction internal fixation of the humerus is


A. Fingertips to shoulder


B. Wrist to fingertips


C. Shoulder to elbow


D. Elbow to wrist

A. Fingertips to shoulder

Which lateral positioning device may be used in a total hip arthroplasty?


A. Beanbag


B. Candy cane stirrup


C. Chest rolls


D. Allen stirrup

A. Beanbag

Which of the following is NOT a sterile component of the electrosurgical unit?


A. Monopolar tip forceps


B. Bipolar tip forceps


C. Extension tip


D. Electrical unit

D. Electrical unit

An army/navy is a


A. Cutting instrument


B. Clamping instrument


C. Retracting instrument


D. Viewing instrument

C. Retracting instrument

An instrument that is used in a contaminated area should be


A. Soaked in betadine


B. Placed on the mayo stand


C. Placed in the irrigation


D. Placed in a separate basin

D. Placed in a separate basin

A Deaver is an instrument used to


A. Grasp


B. Suture


C. Clamp


D. Retract

D. Retract

_____ forceps have small serrations in a circular shape that allow for tension when grasping tissues.


A. Russian


B. Curette


C. DeBakey


D. Bishop

A. Russian

After use in a procedure, surgical instruments must be soaked in


A. A warm solution with liquid soap


B. A room temperature solution with neutral pH detergent


C. Cold water only


D. Room temperature water, neutral pH detergent, and solvent solution

D. Room temperature water, neutral pH detergent, and solvent solution

Strabismus repair is a type of


A. Genitourinary surgery


B. Ear, nose, and throat surgery


C. Eye surgery


D. Gynecology surgery

C. Eye surgery

Which of the following is a fixation device used to reduce and stabilize a wrist fracture?


A. Harrington rod


B. Halo


C. Milwaukee brace


D. External fixator

D. External fixator

Ultrasonic cleaning uses which of the following to loosen debris from instruments?


A. Sound waves


B. Shock waves


C. Enzyme cleaner


D. Gentle rocking

A. Sound waves

A spirometer is used to measure ____ capacity in the lungs.


A. Blood


B. Air


C. Intercellular fluid


D. Extracellular fluid

B. Air

The suturing technique in which short lateral stitches are placed beneath the epithelial layer of skin is called


A. A subcuticular stitch


B. A subcutaneous stitch


C. Traction


D. A retention suture

A. A subcuticular stitch

Which of the following is the type of catheter used for an embolectomy?


A. Pezzer


B. Caude


C. Fogarty


D. Angiocath

C. Fogarty

In which urologic prostatic approach is a resctoscope used?


A. Retropubic


B. Perineal


C. Suprapubic


D. Transurethral

D. Transurethral

Which of the following has serrations down both jaws?


A. Oschner


B. Kocher


C. Allis


D. Kelley

D. Kelley

A(n) _____ retractor is used specifically to retract the liver while exposing the gallbladder in an open cholecystectomy.


A. Army/navy


B. Hohmann


C. Harrington


D. Deaver

C. Harrington

Which incision is most commonly used for a cesarean section?


A. Paramedian


B. Pfannenstiel


C. McBurney


D. Lower midline

B. Pfannenstiel

A specimen may be passed off the sterile field


A. When the surgeon gives permission


B. After excision


C. After the specimen is placed in formalin


D. When the circulator requests the specimen

A. When the surgeon gives permission

A(n) _____ uses ultrasonic vibrations and aspiration when removing a cataract.


A. Harmonic scalpel


B. Phacoemulsification machine


C. Argon beam


D. Resectoscope

B. Phacoemulsification machine

_____ is the removal of excess skin and fat between the muscle fibers of the eyelids


A. Rhytidectomy


B. Cheiloplasty


C. Rhinoplasty


D. Blepharoplasty

D. Blepharoplasty

A tourniquet is placed on an extremity during surgery to


A. Decrease swelling


B. Reduce blood loss


C. Provide better access


D. Prevent pain

B. Reduce blood loss

A(n) _____ is used to separate the periosteum from the bone


A. Curette


B. Rongeur


C. Periosteal elevator


D. Osteotome

C. Periosteal elevator

Retractors are used to


A. Grasp


B. Cut


C. Expose


D. Clamp

C. Expose

The radiopaque medium used during x-ray procedures to visualize a structure is


A. Renografin


B. Methylene blue


C. Gentian violet


D. Indigo carmine

A. Renografin

How should the surgical technologist load the blade onto the knife handle?


A. With a forceps


B. With a grasper


C. With a one-handed method


D. With a needle holder

D. With a needle holder

A kerrison rongeur is used for which of the following procedures?


A. Laminectomy


B. Craniotomy


C. Endarterectomy


D. Arthroplasty

A. Laminectomy

Glove powder is a sterile foreign substance whose reaction with tissue has the potential to cause


A. Dehiscence and/or evisceration


B. Inflammation or infection


C. Healing


D. Adhesions and/or granulomas

D. Adhesions and/or granulomas

Which of the following forceps are used to retrieve gallstones?


A. Randall


B. Adson


C. Russian


D. Ferris Smith

A. Randall

____ are small sponges soaked in thrombin used to sponge around the spinal cord.


A. Cottonoids


B. Weck sponges


C. Kittners


D. Peanuts

A. Cottonoids

A _____ is used to collect secretions as they are auctioned during a flexible or rigid bronchoscopy.


A. Suction canister


B. Chest tube


C. Hemovac


D. Lukens trap

D. Lukens trap

Which two members of the surgical team are responsible for the surgical count?


A. Certified registered nurse anesthetist and registered nurse


B. Surgeon and surgical technologist


C. Certified registered nurse anesthetist and surgical technologist


D. Certified nurse of the operating room and surgical technologist

D. Certified nurse of the operating room and surgical technologist

_____ is the position of choice for a hemorrhoidectomy.


A. Jackknife


B. Modified lithotomy


C. Beach chair


D. Prone

A. Jackknife

When a patient is in the prone position, chest rolls are recommended to


A. Facilitate ventilation


B. Improve visualization


C. Ensure anatomical position


D. Prevent injury

A. Facilitate ventilation

Which of the following is not one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve?


A. Trigeminal ophthalmic


B. Trigeminal maxillary


C. Trigeminal mandibular


D. Trigeminal hypoglossal

D. Trigeminal hypoglossal

Which of the following instruments is a self-retaining retractor?


A. Senn


B. Vein


C. Ribbon


D. Weitlaner

D. Weitlaner

____ scissors are used for cutting thick, fibrous tissue.


A. Tenotomy


B. Iris


C. Metzenbaum


D. Curved mayo

D. Curved mayo

____ forceps are atraumatic.


A. DeBakey


B. Adson with teeth


C. Ferris Smith


D. Rat-tooth

A. DeBakey

Which instrument is used to cut sutures?


A. Mayo


B. Metz


C. Jorgensen


D. Potts

A. Mayo

_____ are right-angled scissors used to cut vessels.


A. Mayo scissors


B. Potts scissors


C. Metz scissors


D. Iris scissors

B. Potts scissors

A ____ retractor has a reverse curve inserted under the bone for leverage.


A. Hohmann


B. Deaver


C. Dingman


D. Bennett

A. Hohmann

The following are main branches of the common hepatic artery EXCEPT


A. Tunica media


B. Proper hepatic


C. Right gastric


D. Gastroduodenal

A. Tunica media

All of the following retractors require a person to hold the instrument in position EXCEPT


A. Army/navy retractors


B. Deaver retractors


C. Harrington retractors


D. Weitlaner retractors

Weitlaner retractors

The _____ ______ is the cavity of the eye located before or in front of the iris that contains contains the aqueous humor.


A. Anterior chamber


B. Posterior chamber


C. Anterior cavity


D. Posterior cavity

A. Anterior chamber

The clear fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chamber is called


A. Choroid substance


B. Lacrimal secretions


C. Vitreous humor


D. Aqueous humor

D. Aqueous humor

Who is responsible for determining the correct surgical site during the preoperative phase?


A. The anesthesiologist


B. The surgeon


C. The surgical technologist


D. The entire surgical team

D. The entire surgical team

When should a surgical technologist check for the proper function of the instruments?


A. Before the case


B. During the case


C. After the case


D. While setting up the case

D. While setting up the case

During eye surgery, who is responsible for maintaining the irrigation of the eye?


A. The surgeon


B. The circulator


C. The certified nurse anesthetist


D. The certified surgical technologist

D. The certified surgical technologist

A ____ _____ is used to stabilize a speculum in the patient’s ear so the surgeon can use both hands while operating.


A. Nasal speculum


B. Candy cane


C. Leg holder


D. Speculum holder

Speculum holder

_____ is another name for ear wax


A. Cerumen


B. Eustachian


C. Keratin


D. Humor

A. Cerumen

Which auction tip is used during an otological procedure?


A. Rhoton


B. Poole


C. Yankhauer


D. Frazier

D. Frazier

Which one of the following procedures is typically performed for cosmetic purposes?


A. Myringoplasty


B. Rhinoplasty


C. Septoplasty


D. Tympanoplasty

B. Rhinoplasty

Mandibular/maxillary fractures are repaired with


A. Arch bars


B. Stents


C. K-wires


D. IM rods

A. Arch bars

A tracheoesophageal fistula is the abnormal opening between the trachea and the


A. Epidermis


B. Ethmoid


C. Epiglottis


D. Esophagus

D. Esophagus

The ____ is the most commonly used donor site for bone grafting.


A. Scapula


B. Clavicle


C. Costal cartilage


D. Iliac crest

D. Iliac crest

The surgical technologist should always open his or her gown and gloves


A. On the instrument tray


B. On the back table


C. On the mayo stand


D. On the ring stand

C. On the mayo stand

The advantage of using an ultrasonic cleaner is that it


A. Sterilizes instruments


B. Cleans and sterilizes instruments


C. Protects the surgical technologist from injury


D. Prolongs the life of the instruments

C. Protects the surgical technologist from possible injury

The ____ is a fine slice of biopsy tissue that is microscopically examined for the presence of disease and must be kept dry with no preservatives.


A. Frozen section


B. Biopsy


C. Tumor


D. Cyst

A. Frozen section

The registered nurse who administers anesthesia under the supervision of an anesthesiologist is also known as the


A. CRNA


B. CST


C. CNOR


D. LPN

A. CRNA

The medical doctor who specializes in the identification of diseased tissue is known as the


A. Radiologist


B. Pathologist


C. Epidemiologist


D. Oncologist

B. Pathologist

The ____ starts at the pyloric sphincter of the stomach


A. Jejunum


B. Esophagus


C. Ileum


D. Duodenum

D. Duodenum

Which of the following is part of the bony labyrinth?


A. Malleus


B. Cochlea


C. Incus


D. Stapes

B. Cochlea

Which is given to reduce the swelling and inflammation of tissue?


A. Epinephrine


B. Atropine


C. Dantrolene


D. Cortisone

D. Cortisone

When placing the patient’s arm in the arm board, it must be positioned to avoid


A. Hypoextension


B. Hyperextension


C. Flexion


D. Extension

B. Hyperextension

Which is a required attachment for the reverse trendelenburg position?


A. Chest roll


B. Stirrup


C. Arm board


D. Foot board

D. Foot board

The ____ position allows the abdominal contents to shift toward the torso when performing a lower abdominal procedure.


A. Modified lateral


B. Prone


C. Reverse trndelenburg


D. Trendelenburg

D. Trendelenburg

Where should the safety belt be placed on a patient in the supine position for an abdominal procedure?


A. Mid-thigh


B. Below the knees


C. Across the abdomen


D. Across the hip

A. Mid-thigh

Which instrument is a type of bone-holding clamp?


A. Rongeur


B. Osteotome


C. Kerrison


D. Lowman

D. Lowman

___ retractors are used to expose the uterus


A. DeBakey


B. Russian


C. Adson


D. Heaney

D. Heaney

The ____ clamp is an atraumatic clamp commonly used during a c-section procedure


A. Pennington


B. Bulldog


C. Hohmann


D. Brown-adson

A. Pennington

Which bandage is used to exsanguinate an extremity before inflating the tourniquet cuff?


A. Ace bandage


B. Coban bandage


C. Sheet cotton


D. Esmarch’s bandage

D. Esmarch’s bandage

When moisture soaks through a drape, this is called


A. Draped leakage


B. Strike-through


C. Cross contamination


D. Impervious

B. Strike-through

What is the proper sequence when performing the surgical count?


A. Operative field, mayo stand, back table, kick bucket, and floor


B. Floor, kick bucket, back table, mayo stand, and operative field


C. Mayo stand, operative field, back table, floor, and kick bucket


D. Kick bucket, floor, operative field, mayo stand, and back table

A. Operative field, mayo stand, back table, kick bucket, floor

To prevent cross contamination of the air in the operating room from the air outside of the room, the pressure in the operating room should be


A. Negative


B. Positive


C. Neutral


D. Low

B. Positive

Which is used to secure the patient during all inductions and most positions except lithotomy?


A. Stirrups


B. Safety belt


C. Anesthesia screen


D. Leg holder

B. Safety belt

Which sponges are loaded on the top of a clamp and used for dissecting?


A. Weck


B. Kitner


C. Tonsil


D. Patties

B. Kitner

Most ____ sutures are packed in an alcohol- and water- based solution.


A. Nonabsorbable


B. Absorbable


C. Silk


D. Prolene

B. Absorbable

Which of the following is a purified gelatin solution soaked in thrombin to aid in hemostasis?


A. Heparin


B. Coumadin


C. Gelfoam


D. Saline

C. Gelfoam

Increased rate and/or depth of respirations is termed


A. Eupnea


B. Dyspnea


C. Hyperpnea


D. Apnea

C. Hyperpnea

Which type of hernia is an irreducible hernia whose abdominal contents are necrotic?


A. Femoral


B. Hiatal


C. Strangulated


D. Inguinal

C. Strangulated

____ hernias are located above the umbilicus.


A. Hypogastric


B. Inguinal


C. Epigastric


D. McVay

C. Epigastric

____ is the surgical repair of a testicle in the scrotum.


A. Orchiectomy


B. Oophorectomy


C. Orchiopexy


D. Prostatectomy

C. Orchiopexy

____ is the removal of the apron of fat in an obese patient.


A. TRAM flap


B. Panniculectomy


C. Abdominoplasty


D. Liposuction

B. Panniculoectomy

A Baker’s cyst is located in the


A. Back of the head


B. Back of the ankle


C. Back of the knee


D. Back of the hip

C. Back of the knee

The common term for a hallux valgus is a(n)


A. Cyst


B. Tumor


C. Ingrown toenail


D. Bunion

D. Bunion

Methyl methacrylate is also known as


A. Bone wax


B. Bone tissue


C. Bone graft


D. Bone cement

D. Bone cement

___ is a surgical procedure in which a joint is fused.


A. Arthrodesis


B. Arthroplasty


C. Arthrosclerosis


D. Arthroscopy

A. Athrodesis

____ refers to an incision into the tympanic membrane to suction out the infectious fluids and place PE tubes.


A. Tympanoplasty


B. Myringoplasty


C. Mastoidectomy


D. Myringotomy

D. Myringotomy

Sanitation of instruments and equipment involves


A. Destroying all microorganisms


B. Inhibiting the growth of organisms


C. Killing all spores


D. Only removing organic matter from equipment

B. Inhibiting the growth of organisms

Which of the following describes a low-level form of disinfection?


A. Kills all spores and microorganisms


B. Kills most spores and viruses


C. Is not used in a clinical setting


D. Kills most viruses, bacteria, and mycobacterium, but cannot kill spores

B. Kills most bacteria and spores

Gynecomastia is the medical term used to describe a condition that affects the


A. Male breast


B. Female breast


C. Male genitals


D. Female genitals

A. Male breast

____ blood leaves the lungs through the pulmonary veins and enters the left atrium of the heart.


A. Abnormal


B. Normal


C. Deoxygenated blood


D. Oxygenated

D. Oxygenated

____ clips are used to adhere the scalp to the bone flap during a craniotomy.


A. Raney


B. Bulldog


C. Ligature


D. Hemoclips yasergil

A. Raney

_____ is the complete destruction of all living organisms, including cells, spores, and viruses.


A. Sanitizing


B. Sterilization


C. Terminal cleaning


D. Disinfection

B. Sterilization

What should the surgical technologist do with a pack of lap sponges that only contains four laps instead of five laps?


A. The pack should be removed from the room


B. The circulator should give the tech an extra pack


C. It does matter as long as only “four” is written on the count sheet


D. The tech should ask the surgeon what to do

A. The pack should be removed from the room

____ is an infection of the middle ear.


A. Sinusitis


B. Otitis media


C. Mastoiditis


D. Rhinitis

B. Otitis media

Which agency requires that autoclave results be recorded?


A. FDA


B. CDC


C. AMA


D. AST

B. CDC

____ is administered to the patient to treat malignant hyperthermia.


A. Heparin


B. Lidocaine


C. Dantrolene


D. Morphine

C. Dantrolene

Which is a degenerative joint disease?


A. Craniosynostosis


B. Endocarditis


C. Osteoarthritis


D. Osteoporosis

C. Osteoarthritis

____ is the type of catheter used to monitor central venous pressure.


A. Portacath


B. Angiocath


C. Swan-Ganz


D. Tenckhoff

C. Swan-Ganz

____ is a type of dressing that adheres to itself and is used under casting.


A. Coban


B. Gauze


C. Webril


D. Cotton

C. Webril

When performing the surgical scrub, the arms should be scrubbed ____ inched above the elbow.


A. Four


B. One


C. Two


D. Six

C. Two

Rongeurs are used for


A. Probing


B. Biting bone


C. Grasping


D. Dressings

B. Biting bone

A ____ is secures to the torso to support the hip.


A. Plaster cast


B. Fiberglass cast


C. Spica cast


D. Splint

C. Spica cast

____ is a drug used to treat brachycardia in the presence of hypertension.


A. Protamine


B. Aminophyilline


C. Meperidine


D. Atropine sulfate

D. Atropine sulfate

The maximum dosage of a local anesthetic agent per patient is ____ of one percent per hour.


A. 25 mL


B. 30 mL


C. 50 mL


D. 100 mL

C. 50 mL

____ catheters are used to dilate the ureters.


A. Garceau


B. Foley


C. Fogarty


D. Groshong

A. Garceau

The laser used to destroy bladder tumors is called


A. Argon


B. Krypton


C. CO2


D. Nd:YAG

B. Krypton

Which of the following procedures may include excision of the tunica vaginalis layer of the scrotum?


A. Circumcision


B. Orchiopexy


C. Hydrocelectomy


D. Orchioectomy

C. Hydrocelectomy

TURP stands for


A. Transurethral reposition of the prostate


B. Transurethral repair of the prostate


C. Transurethral realignment of the prostate


D. Transurethral resection of the prostate

D. Transurethral resection of the prostate

____ is to move away from the midline or to turn outward.


A. Abduction


B. Addiction


C. Anterior


D. Posterior

A. Abduction

____ is to move toward the midline.


A. Anterior


B. Posterior


C. Abduction


D. Addiction

D. Addiction

An abnormal attachment of two surfaces or structures that are normally separate is called


A. Adhesion


B. Anastomosis


C. Cicatrix


D. Keloid

A. Adhesion

An ____ is the microorganism that sustains life in the absence of oxygen.


A. Antigen


B. Anaerobe


C. Aerobe


D. Antibody

B. Anaerobe

An ___ is a microorganism that requires oxygen to sustain life.


A. Aerobe


B. Anaerobe


C. Antibody


D. Antigen

A. Aerobe

Chemical solutions used for disinfection may


A. Be mixed with other chemical solutions for a stronger solution


B. Be used full strength on very contaminated areas


C. Not be diluted


D. Only be used in open areas

C. Not be diluted

The device that uses steam or gas to accomplish sterilization is called a(n)


A. Ultrasonic washer


B. Autoclave


C. STERRAD


D. Steris

B. Autoclave

____ is an agent used to interfere with the growth and development of microorganisms.


A. Glutaraldehyde


B. Disinfectant


C. Antiseptic


D. Carbolic acid

C. Antiseptic

The term _____ refers to separation of tissues without causing injury.


A. Tissue biopsy


B. Cut and coag


C. Blunt dissection


D. Dilation of tissue

C. Blunt dissection

When autoclaving packs, the sterilization time begins


A. When the door closes and the cycle has begun


B. When the proper amount of inner chamber pressure has been reached


C. When the proper temperature and outer chamber pressure have been reached


D. When the proper temperature and inner chamber pressure have been reached

D. When the proper temperature and inner chamber pressure have been reached

A ____ is a fracture in which the broken bone has penetrated the skin.


A. Closed fracture


B. Green stick fracture


C. Compound fracture


D. Spiral fracture

C. Compound fracture

The ____ is the transparent portion of the eye.


A. Iris


B. Retina


C. Cornea


D. Lens

C. Cornea

Why is it important to fill the autoclave reservoir daily?


A. To maintain the proper amount of steam


B. To prevent air pockets


C. To prevent irregular steam pockets


D. To prevent the inner chamber from overheating

B. To prevent air pockets

____ is the partial or total separation of a layer of tissue.


A. Evisceration


B. Dead space


C. Adhesion


D. Dehiscence

D. Dehiscence

A ____ is used to draw up and measure medication.


A. Catheter


B. Needle


C. Syringe


D. Drain

C. Syringe

The ____ is the proximal part of a long bone.


A. Diaphysis


B. Spongy bone


C. Calcaneous bone


D. Epiphysis

D. Epiphysis

____ is the extensive loss or removal of blood from a limb of the body prior to inflating the tourniquet, to control blood loss during surgical procedures.


A. Exsanguination


B. Examination


C. Extrusion


D. Exposure

A. Exsanguination

A(n) _____ is a benign cyst filled with synovial fluid that can arise from any tendon sheath or joint in the hand or wrist.


A. Dermoid cyst


B. Ovarian cyst


C. Sebaceous cyst


D. Ganglion cyst

D. Ganglion cyst

A length of suture for ligation that is not threaded into or attached to a needle is a


A. Stick tie


B. Reel


C. Free tie


D. Silk

C. Free tie

A collection of blood that is often clotted and has not absorbed is a


A. Hemostasis


B. Hemostat


C. Hemorrhage


D. Hematoma

D. Hematoma

____ is the stoppage of bleeding.


A. Hemostasis


B. Homeostasis


C. Hemorrhage


D. Hematoma

A. Hemostasis

Using distilled water in the autoclave prevents


A. Steam buildup


B. Mineral buildup


C. Rapid steam and pressure buildup


D. Opening air exhaust valves

B. Mineral buildup

____ is the second phase of general anesthesia.


A. Maintenance


B. Emergence


C. Recovery


D. Induction

D. Induction

The ____ phase is when surgical intervention takes place.


A. Maintenance


B. Emergence


C. Recovery


D. Induction

A. Maintenance

____ is the phase that occurs as the surgical procedure is being completed.


A. Maintenance


B. Emergence


C. Recovery


D. Induction

B. Emergence

Cold sterilization is used for instrumentation that cannot be exposed to high heat; the instrument is immersed in a solution for a specified amount of time, which begins


A. Upon immersion of the first instrument


B. Each time a new instrument is added to the solution


C. After each instrument is added


D. No instruments may be added once the timing has begun

C. After each instrument is added

The _____ is used to hold the package of intravenous fluids, blood replacement products, or intravenous medications to be administered during surgery and may also be used for irrigating solutions of continuous irrigation is desired.


A. Ring stand


B. Case cart


C. IV pole


D. Back table

C. IV pole

____ perineal lacerations involve the rectal mucosa.


A. First-degree


B. Second-degree


C. Third-degree


D. Fourth-degree

D. Fourth-degree

The circulator anticipates the needs of the


A. Anesthetist


B. Surgeon


C. Surgical tech


D. All of the above

D. All of the above

_____ refers to the ordinary quiet respirations made without obvious effort.


A. Eupnea


B. Dyspnea


C. Hyperpnea


D. Apnea

A. Eupnea

Bending of a joint is known is termed


A. Flexion


B. Extension


C. Pronation


D. Supination

A. Flexion

The cessation of breathing is termed


A. Eupnea


B. Dyspnea


C. Hyperpnea


D. Apnea

D. Apnea

____ are pieces of plastic or rubber tubing threaded over the retention suture.


A. Buttons


B. Bridges


C. Bolsters


D. Balfours

C. Bolsters

A patient who is having kidney surgery is placed in which position?


A. Supine


B. Trendelenburg


C. Lateral


D. Prone

C. Lateral

The ____ is the first part of the small intestine.


A. Duodenum


B. Jejunum


C. Ileum


D. Cecum

A. Duodenum

A(n) ____ procedure requires the lithotomy position, which involves raising and lowering the legs simultaneously.


A. TAH


B. D&C


C. Appendectomy


D. Hernia repair

B. D&C

Chromotubation is used to assess the


A. Capacity of the bladder


B. Depth of the uterus


C. Latency of the Fallopian tubes


D. Position of the uterus

C. Latency of the Fallopian tubes

The ____ is the mobile pouch with no mesenteric attachment located in the right lower abdominal cavity, and it is wider than it is long.


A. Duodenum


B. Jejunum


C. Ileum


D. Cecum

D. Cecum

Which of the following has hemostatic properties?


A. Surgicel


B. Gelfoam


C. Avitene


D. All of the above

D. All of the above

Jeweler’s forceps are used on which of the following GYN procedures?


A. Total vaginal hysterectomy


B. Reconstruction tuboplasty


C. Total abdominal hysteroscopy


D. Suction D&C

B. Reconstruction tuboplasty

What test is used to check for air entrapment in the prevacuum sterilizer?


A. Biological indicator


B. Chemical indicator


C. Pressure gauge


D. Bowie-dick test

D. Bowie-dick test

How many sponge counts are usually performed when closing the cesarean delivery patient?


A. One


B. Two


C. Three


D. Four

C. Three

____ is used to examine patients with abnormal Pap smears.


A. Colposcopy


B. Laparoscopy


C. Urethroscopy


D. Hysteroscopy

A. Colposcopy

____ is a lateral curve of the spinal column


A. Scoliosis


B. Lordosis


C. Kyphosis


D. Spina bifida

A. Scoliosis

Ovarian cysts can be removed by means of a laparotomy and


A. Fluid aspiration


B. Excision


C. Puncture and collapse


D. All of the above

D. All of the above

A minimally invasive approach to treatment of uterine fibroids is a


A. Myomectomy


B. Uterine leiomyomectomy


C. Uterine fibroid embolization


D. None of the above

C. Uterine fibroid embolization

Once a hole has been drilled, the _____ is used to pre-place threads within the hole to aid in the insertion of the screw.


A. Tap


B. Drill bit


C. Depth gauge


D. Osteotome

A. Tap

____ is a surgical procedure to open an occluded artery, which involves the insertion of a catheter with a balloon tip into the blocked artery.


A. PCA


B. PKD


C. PTCA


D. PSA

C. PTCA

The ____ is the portion of the brain located in the posterior cranial fossa, posterior to the brain stem.


A. Cerebrum


B. Medulla oblongata


C. Cerebellum


D. Pons

C. Cerebellum

The following are visual findings that could indicate the presence of a zygomatic fracture EXCEPT


A. An acidic environment in the mouth


B. Dimpling of the skin or cheek


C. Depressed level of the eyeball


D. Scleral or nasal hemorrhage


A. An acidic environment in the mouth

A vestibuulectomy may require the use of


A. Kitners


B. Cotton-tip applicators


C. Cottonoid patties


D. None of the above

B. Cotton-tip applicators

The ____ is the semisolid tissue found in the spaces of cancellous bone.


A. Cerebrum


B. Medulla


C. Cerebellum


D. Marrow

D. Marrow

The ____ branches into two sections to innervate the skin of the lateral two-thirds of the hand.


A. Median nerve


B. Cranial nerve


C. Spinal nerve


D. Olfactory nerve

A. Median nerve

When transporting a patient to the operating room,


A. The guardrails must be in the upright secure position


B. You must transport the patient feet first


C. You must never leave the patient unattended


D. All of the above

D. All of the above

If the surgeon needs to use the strongest of all suture material for bone-to-bone closure, he or she will choose


A. Ethibond


B. Surgical steel


C. Prolene


D. Chromic

B. Surgical steel

____ is an infected wound or perforation with necrotic tissue.


A. Clean


B. Contaminated


C. Dirty


D. Inflamed

C. Dirty

_____ is an infection spread by sneeze or cough droplets


A. Common vehicle


B. Indirect contact


C. Direct contact


D. Airborne

D. Airborne

In what does a certified surgical technologist base his or her practice?


A. Surgical code of ethics


B. Surgical conscience


C. Surgical rule


D. Surgical enviroment

B. Surgical conscience

Which of the following is applied to the trunk of the body, the complete leg of the affected side, and one half of the unaffected side?


A. Long leg cast


B. Short leg cast


C. Hip spica cast


D. None of the above

C. Hip spica cast

Which procedure involves the collection of cells from one or both bronchi by irrigation?


A. Bronchial biopsy


B. Lung biopsy


C. Bronchial washings


D. None of the above

C. Bronchial washings

Another name for a hordeolum is a(n)


A. Pimple


B. Boil


C. Sty


D. Ingrown hair

C. Sty

A badge worn by operating room personnel that is used to measure radiation is called a


A. Geiger counter


B. Dosimeter


C. Rad meter


D. Curie meter

B. Dosimeter