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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Hand washing is

An important event-related preventative measure for reducing the incidence of infection

Which of these practices is not safe?


A. Using an opened sterile bottle for the next case


B. Standing next to a surgeon when passing off a towel for draping


C. Keeping nonsterile persons 12 inches from the sterile field


D. Controlling the noise level in the operating room

A. Using an opened sterile bottle for the next case

Which of these modes of transmission is not common in the hospital setting?


A. Contaminated food


B. Dirty hands


C. Sneezing


D. Air

C. Sneezing

Which of these is not one of the four principles of asepsis?


A. Hand washing


B. Aseptic technique with a sterile field


C. Clean equipment


D. Clean water

D. Clean water

Which of these signs are indicitive of inflammation?


1. Swelling


2. Pain


3. Loss of function


4. Increased temperature


5. Pus formation


A. 1,3,4


B. 1,2,3,4


C. 1,2,4,5


D, 1,2,3,4,5

B. 1,2,3,4

What is the difference between the terms clean and sterile?


A. Clean means that the number of spore-bearing bacteria has been reduced


B. Sterile means that spore-bearing bacteria have been eliminated


C. There is no difference between the terms


D. Clean means that fungi have been eliminated

B. Sterile means that spore-bearing bacteria have been eliminated

Soaking of a solution through sterile drapes is called


A. Contamination


B. Cross-contamination


C. Strike-through


D. Partial contamination

C. Strike-through

What is the center of the sterile field during surgery?


A. Gowned surgical technologist


B. Sterile instruments


C. Draped patient


D. Gowned surgeon

C. Draped patient

For the table to be considered sterile, the surgical technologist should drape it


A. 2 inches from the lower edge of the drape


B. Only at table height


C. Only in the center


D. 2 inches below the top

B. Only at table height

An operating room nurse wants the surgical technologist to set up the scheduled noon case at 10 a.m. The tech disagrees with the request, stating that this will increase the risk of contamination. It is not recommended that supplies be left open before a case


A. Without the patients being informed of the length of time the room has been open


B. For more than 3 hours


C. For more than 2 hours


D. Unless signs have been posted on the doors and the doors have been taped to prevent entry into the room

C. For more than 2 hours

A surgeon wants a medical student who has scrubbed to stand to his left to assist in retraction. The student must pass other sterile personnel


A. Right side to right side


B. Front to front or back to back


C. Right side to left side


D. Left side to left side

B. Front to front or back to back

A sterile gown is considered sterile, regardless of the height of the surgical team members who are scrubbed in for the case


A. In the front, from midchest to tabletop


B. Until they get blood or bodily fluids on them


C. On the entire front


D. All over

A. In the front, from midchest to tabletop

Which statement about masks is correct?


A. One must remove and dispose of a mask immediately after leaving any restricted or semi restricted area


B. One must wear a mask at all times


C. One must remove and dispose of a mask immediately after leaving any restricted, semi restricted, or non restricted area


D. One must remove and dispose of a mask immediately any restricted area

A. One must remove and dispose of a mask immediately after leaving any restricted or semi restricted area

Joni is scheduled for breast augmentation. When she arrives at the hospital, a nurse notices that she is wearing a necklace and asks her to remove it. The recommended practice is to


A. Keep jewelry covered


B. Remove all jewelry


C. Only wear earrings and necklaces


D. Only wear clean jewelry

B. Remove all jewelry

Aseptic technique is also


A. Surgically clean technique


B. Hand washing technique


C. Scrubbing technique


D. Sterile technique

D. Sterile technique

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is categorized as wound class


A. I


B. II


C. III


D. IV

A. I

Which four agents are most likely to be used by terrorists for mass transmission resulting in mortality, panic, and social disruption that could threaten national and world security?


A. Anthrax, tuberculosis, clostridium difficile, tularemia


B. Smallpox, monkey pox, avian influenza, anthrax


C. Anthrax, H1N1 influenza, botulism, smallpox


D. Smallpox, plague, botulism, tularemia

D. Smallpox, plague, botulism, tularemia

What microorganism is responsible for most SSIs?


A. Staphylococcus aureus


B. Streptococcus pyogenes


C. Enterococcus faecalis


D. Staphylococcus epidermis

A. Staphylococcus aureus

Which of these diseases is a form of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy caused by prions?


A. Toxic shock


B. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease


C. Meningitis


D. Neuritis

B. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Codex is one trade name given to


A. Glutaraldehyde


B. Ethylene oxide


C. Paracetic acid


D. Hydrogen peroxide gas plasma

A. Glutaraldehyde

What microorganism is an anaerobic gram-positive bacterium responsible for gas gangrene, cellulitis, and fasciitis?


A. Helicobacter pylori


B.Staphylococcus aureus


C. Prion


D. Clostridium perfringens

D. Clostridium perfingens

What microorganism is an aerobic, gram-negative bacillus known to cause gastric ulcers?


A. Clostridium perfringens


B. Staphylococcus aureus


C. Helicobacter pylori


D. Escherichia coli

C. Helicobacter pylori

In which intention of healing does a wound gradually fill in with granulation rather than being sutured?


A. First


B. Second


C. Third


D. Fourth

B. Second

The first intention wound healing that begins within minutes of an intentional or unintentional injury is known as


A. Proliferation


B. Maturation


C. Granulation


D. Inflammatory phase

D. Inflammatory phase

Studies have shown that primary union wound healing occurs from


A. End to end


B. Side to side


C. Top to bottom


D. Bottom to top

B. Side to side