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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of flooring is appropriate for a strength and conditioning facility? Agility area? Aerobic training?
Carpet or rubberized flooring. Rubber is best for rooms equipped with free weights. Carpet is under resistance machines. A poured rubber surface is expensive but best for plyo exercising. Wood is best for Olympic platforms.
What is the optimal ceiling height for a strength and conditioning facility?
12-14 feet of clearance from low hanging items
How should mirrors and lighting be placed in the facility?
Mirrors should be placed at least 20 inches above the floor. Metal-halide incandescent lighting is suggested because of the high intensity light it produces. Lighting of 50 foot-candles at floor level.
What equipment components (cam versus cables, selectorized versus plate loaded) are important to identify?
Free weights, resistance machines, stretching mats, aerobic machines. Weight trees should be placed next to plate loaded equipment.
What are the program objectives of the strength and conditioning facility?
The are the specific means to attain the program goals. See page 571
How should the equipment be placed to promote a safe and efficient facility?
Power exercises away from windows, mirrors, etc. Tallest machines along the walls. Dumbbell racks along the walls. Shorter pieces of equipment placed more in the middle of the room. All should be placed a minimum of 6 inches from mirrors.
Where should high risk equipment (lifting platforms, power racks) be placed in the facility?
Against the walls and away from windows and mirrors, exits, etc. Should be readily in an area that can be supervised.
Where in the facility should taller equipment be placed?
Along the walls
How should equipment be arranged to accommodate large groups of athletes?
Power exercises away from windows, mirrors, etc. Tallest machines along the walls. Dumbbell racks along the walls. Shorter pieces of equipment placed more in the middle of the room. All should be placed a minimum of 6 inches from mirrors.
How should teams be organized at the facility?
In-season teams take priority over off-season teams. Off-season teams required more workout time so a lot of the times it is better to schedule their training blocks in the morning hours (6:30-8:00 am)
What are the procedures of orienting the athletes to the equipment?
The director informs the staff how each machine and exercise is to be taught. Staff will emphasize the importance of spotting and will spot when necessary. Staff will have to be communicative to the lifter at all times.
What is the staff-to-athlete ratio recommendation for a typical facility?
Middle school 1:10. Secondary school 1:15. Older athletes 1:20. Another generic recommendations is not to exceed 1:50.
What is the proper attire that should be worn by athletes in the facility?
No loose jewelry, proper shirts and shoes for the facility.
What documentation is required to be obtained prior to the athletes using the facility?
Pre-participation screening and Clearance is required.
Signed copy of the rules as well. Also a waiver not to sue.
What is the purpose of having procedures for the equipment?
To reduce injury and increase athletic efficiency and to reduce liability
What is the purpose of having facility policies and procedures?
It communicates a plan of action to the staff and correctly implements established standard of excellence to help ensure athlete safety. Also reduces legal liability.
What topics should these SOPs address?
Program goals and objectives. Annual plan, budget items, staff responsibilities, athlete's responsibilities, testing, scheduling, rules and regs, access to the facility, etc.
How should groups of athletes be organized in the facility?
Utilize a Training Schedule Request form. It is a survey to determine preferred training times. Also the size of the facility, amount and type of equipment, number of athletes per team, number of teams, and the needs of each team are needed.
How should time be spent for each athlete/group given a set number of exercises?
Off-season programs require more time 1.5-2 hours of training per 3 days a week usually performing free weight exercises. In-season programs may need only 20-30 minutes 2-3 days a week.
What hazards may result from improper maintenance of the facility?
Health and safety issues, equipment issues from improper maintenance, poor appearance if not maintained.
Identify areas of the facility requiring cleaning? How frequently should these areas be cleaned?
Floor, walls, ceiling, windows, equipment, fans, etc...page 565 - 567.
What documentation should an athlete fill out prior to participating in a training program?
Pre-participation screening and Clearance is required.
Also a waiver not to sue.
What are the procedures for maintaining facility equipment?
See page 565
Identify areas and equipment that require cleaning? And how frequently should they be cleaned?
Floor, walls (mirrors, windows, etc), ceilings, stretching and body weight exercise area, resistance training machine area, resistance training free weight area, Olympic lifting platform area, aerobic exercise area.
See page 567
How can the CSCS limit liability?
Have a SOP or know it, understand product liability, ensure proper supervision of employees and athletes, have an emergency care plan, good record keeping, medical clearance on all athletes, liability insurance.
What safety programs can be initiated to reduce injury risk in the facility?
Proper staff to student ratios. Use equipment for the intended purpose. Equipment meets guidelines. Buy only from reputable manufactures. Don't modify equipment unless instructions say so. Apply all warning labels. Inspect equipment daily. Don't allow unsupervised persons to access the equipment. See page 556.
How can the facility be prepared to reduce accidents?
Maintaining proper cleaning and care of the facility and equipment. Proper SOP, supervision, and training as well. Also having an Emergency Action Plan is critical as well it being rehearsed on a regular basis to ensure understanding.
How can staff members be better prepared for emergencies?
Emergency Care Plan (page 555 and 585) is critical as well it being rehearsed on a regular basis to ensure understanding.
What are common situations in a facility that contribute to a higher incidence of accidents?
Improper or no cleaning of equipment or facility, lack of supervision from the staff, no SOP, improperly trained staff or athlete, improper mat, floor, or equipment placement, etc
What factors may contribute to an overuse injury?
Repeated, abnormal stress applied to a tissue by continuous training or training with too little recovery. Two common injuries in overuse are in the bone or tendon.
What are the common signs and symptoms of overtraining?
For anaerobic: See page 115, Mood disturbances, decreased vigor, motivation, and confidence, along with raised levels of tension, irritability, and impaired concentration. Sign are usually sensed before seen as performance reduces later in the overtraining stage. For aerobic: See page 138.
How can the risk of overtraining be minimized??
Using proper periodization. By properly designing the workout protocol is paramount. For anaerobic calculating the proper number of sets as it relates to volume is important, too much volume can lead to overtraining.
What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke and what procedures should be followed to treat each?
Cramps, nausea, dizziness, difficulty in walking or standing, faintness, garbled speech, lack of sweat, red or ashen skin, and goose bumps. Rest in a cool place, apply cool water to the skin, drink liquids, loosen clothing. For stroke also call EMS
Under what circumstances should an athlete be referred to another health care professional?
If its not within the CSCS scope of practice, which is to diagnose and evaluate and individuals health or medical condition is not, than the athlete should be referred.
What reasons or situations may required an athlete to be referred to another health care professional?
Eating disorders, injuries that require more than ice or rest, pre-existing medical conditions that can be aggravated through exercise, etc.
Who are the available health care professionals to whom athletes may be referred?
Team physician, athletic trainer, physical therapist, or psychologist or psychiatrist