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98 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer
Input Device
what involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer?
Green Computing
consists of a series of instructions that tells the computer what to do and how to do it.
Software
You interact with a program through its ____, which controls how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen.
User Interface
A ____ computer targets a specific audience and offers high-quality audio, video, and graphics with optimal performance for sophisticated single-user and networked or Internet multiplayer games.
Gaming Desktop
With a(n) ____, users write on the screen or issue instructions to a Tablet PC, for example, by tapping on the screen.
Digital Pen
A(n) ____ message is a real-time Internet communication, where you exchange messages with other connected users
Instant
At home, every family member, or home ____, spends time on the computer for different reasons.
User
Many large companies use the term, ____ computing, to refer to the huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs.
Enterprise
In a large business, the employees in the ____ department keep the computers and the network running.
IT
____ conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people.
Information
At a photo sharing ____, users can create an online photo album and store their digital photographs.
Community
____ is the process of setting up the software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware components.
Installing
Some mobile devices are ____, meaning they can connect to the Internet wirelessly.
Internet Enabled
Increasingly more employees and students are ____ users, who work on a computer while away from a main office or school.
Mobile
With ____, users access account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactions from a bank’s computer right into their personal computers.
Online Banking
A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as ____.
Hardware
A(n) ____ device is a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers.
Communications
____ are capable of processing more than 1 quadrillion instructions in a single second.
Supercomputers
Small business Web sites sometimes use a(n) ____ to show the world a live view of some aspect of their business.
Webcam
A(n) ____ is a system that attempts to imitate the behavior of the human brain.
Neural Network
In ____, people can communicate with multiple users at the same time — much like a group discussion.
Chat Room
Two categories of software are ____.
System and Application Software
The term, ____, refers to any personal computer based on the original IBM personal computer design.
PC- Compatible
With ____ software, a home user can play games, compose music, research genealogy, or create greeting cards.
Entertainment
Many small office/home office users have entered the ____ arena and conduct business on the Web.
E- Commerce
____ consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions.
Memory
The trend of computers and devices with technologies that overlap is known as ____.
Convergence
Together, hardware, software, data, people, and procedures comprise a(n) ____ system.
Information
____ is a work arrangement in which employees work away from a company’s standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Telecommuting
Investors often use ____ to buy and sell stocks and bonds — without using a broker.
Online Investing
The ____ is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.
Internet
____ high-speed Internet connections use an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals.
Fixed Wireless
Internet-enabled mobile devices such as smart phones use a special type of browser, called a(n) ____, which is designed for their small screens and limited computing power.
Micro browser
The term ____ refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality.
Multimedia
A(n) ____ is recorded audio, usually an MP3 file, stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable digital audio player such as an iPod.
Podcast
A customer (consumer) visits an online business through an electronic ____, which contains product descriptions, graphics, and a shopping cart.
Store Front
____ is the transmission of messages and files via a computer network.
E-mail
____ is a real-time Internet communications service that notifies users when one or more people are online and then allows them to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room.
IM
____ enables users to speak to other users over the Internet.
VoIP
____ is an unsolicited e-mail message or newsgroup article sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once.
SPAM
Until 1995, NSFnet handled the bulk of communications activity, or ____, on the Internet.
Traffic
____ is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using regular copper telephone lines.
DSL
Each electronic document on the Web is called a Web ____, which can contain text, graphics, audio (sound), and video.
Page
The ____ format reduces an audio file to about one-tenth of its original size, while preserving much of the original quality of the sound.
MP3
____ occurs when one consumer sells directly to another consumer, such as in an online auction.
Consumer-to-Consumer e-commerce
A(n) ____ is a unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user.
Username
For ____ to work, both parties must be online at the same time, and the receiver of a message must be willing to accept messages.
Instant Messaging
____ is the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online.
Netiquette
A(n) ____ contains a list of commands from which a user makes selections.
Menu
____ software is software that allows users to organize data in rows and columns and perform calculations on the data.
Spreadsheet
When computer users ____ a document, the computer transfers the document from memory to a storage medium.
Save
To help organize a presentation, you can view ____ versions of all the slides similarly to how 35mm slides look on a photographer’s light table.
Thumbnail
____ software allows a user to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, resources, and costs of a project.
Project Management
____ enables users to write and print checks, track checking account activity, and update and reconcile balances on demand.
Accounting Software
____ software provides the capabilities of paint software and also includes the ability to enhance and modify existing images and pictures.
Image Editing
____ software assists in the preparation of legal documents and provides legal information to individuals, families, and small businesses.
Legal
____ software provides the capabilities of adjusting or enhancing image colors, adding special effects such as shadows and glows, and the like.
Image Editing
A blog author needs ____ to create/maintain a blog.
Blogware
When you click Paint in the Accessories list, Windows Vista loads the Paint program instructions from the computer’s hard disk into ____.
Memory
____ software allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group.
Presentation
Most mobile devices include, among other features, ____ functionality.
PIM
____ is ideal for the production of high-quality color documents such as textbooks, corporate newsletters, marketing literature, product catalogs, and annual reports.
Professional DTP Software
____ software lets users modify audio clips and produce studio-quality sound tracks.
Audio Editing
Homeowners or potential homeowners can use ____ software to assist with the design, remodeling, or improvement of a home, deck, or landscape.
Home Design/Landscaping
____ training is a type of CBT (computer-based training) that uses Internet technology and consists of application software on the Web.
Web-based
The top of a window has a(n) ____, which is a horizontal space that contains the window’s name.
Title Bar
____ software allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics.
Word Processing
A(n) ____ performs calculations on the data in a worksheet and displays the resulting value in a cell.
Formula
A(n) ____ is a request for specific data from a database.
Query
____ software enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of a notebook.
Note Taking
____ enables users to write and print checks, track checking account activity, and update and reconcile balances on demand.
Accounting Software
____ is the process of arranging text and graphics in a document on a page-by-page basis.
Page Layout
____ software guides individuals, families, or small businesses through the process of filing federal taxes.
Tax Preparation
____ software teaches a particular skill.
Educational
Many worksheet cells contain a number that can be used in a calculation, called a(n) ____.
Value
____ software allows users to create, access, and manage a database.
Database
____ is the delivery of education via some electronic method such as the Internet, networks, or CDs/DVDs.
E-learning
DTP software includes a color ____, which is a standard set of colors used by designers and printers to ensure that colors will print exactly as specified.
Library
____ software is a simplified accounting program that helps home users and small office/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and expenses, set up budgets, manage home inventory, track investments, and evaluate financial plans.
Personal Finance
____ software provides valuable and thorough information for all individuals.
Reference
The cases of the system unit, sometimes called the ____, is made of metal or plastic and protects the internal electronic components from damage.
Chassis
Some computer and chip manufacturers use the term ____ to refer to a personal computer processor chip.
microprocessor
Together, four operations (fetching, decoding, executing, and storing) comprise a(n) ____ cycle.
Machine
A processor contains small high-speed storage locations, called ____, that temporarily hold data and instructions.
registers
____ is a type of nonvolatile memory that can be erased electronically and reprogrammed, similar to EEPROM.
Flash Memory
A(n) ____, such as a keyboard or printer, is a device that connects to the system unit and is controlled by the processor in the computer.
Peripheral
Bluetooth technology is ____.
an alternative to IrDA that uses radio waves to transmit data between two devices
The power ____ is the component of the system unit that converts the wall outlet AC power into the DC power a computer requires.
Supply
A(n) ____ circuit, which is etched on a computer chip, contains many microscopic pathways capable of carrying electrical current.
Integrated
With ____, the processor begins fetching a second instruction before it completes the machine cycle for the first instruction.
Multi-core Processing
ROM chips called ____ contain permanently written data, instructions, or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured.
Firmware
The ____ unit is a case that contains electronic components of the computer used to process data.
System
The ____ interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer.
CPU
____ is the most common type of volatile memory.
RAM
A(n) ____ card is a removable device that allows users to transfer data and information conveniently from mobile devices to their desktop computers.
Memory
The processor relies on a small quartz crystal circuit called the ____ clock to control the timing of all computer operations.
system
A(n) ____ card converts computer output into a video signal that travels through a cable to the monitor, which displays an image on the screen.
video