• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
stratified society
is groups of people according to economic or social class, characterised by unequal distribution of wealth, power and prestige.
social class
segments of population where members are relatively similar economic levels and share attitudes, norms and lifestyle
culture of poverty
oscar lewis..
a separate lower class culture.. such as mistrust in schools and agencies that is passed down to next gen.
lowest social stratum,in any country, members lack education and skills needed to function well in society
social structure theories
disadvantaged economic class position is primary cause of crime. e.g ell drugs for profit

(where you are in structure)
social disorganization theory
focuses on breakdown of inner city neighbourhoods of institutions (family, employment, school)
broken down schools etc
-gang formation
strain theory
a conflict between peoples goals and means available
cultural deviance theory
both strain and social disorganization views.. subcultures maintain values and beliefs that conflict with social normas that are passed down as cultural transmission (values are passed down to next gen)
shaw and mckay
linked crime to transitional slum
-social disorganization theory
-crime is constant fixture in areas of peoverty, regardless of residents race or ethnic
ecology school
community disorder:
community fear: fear crime and afraid of becoming victim
siege mentality: high levels of crime and civil disorder become suspicous nd mistrusting
community change
concentration effect
working amd middle classes flee inner cities, most disadvantaged consolidated to ghettos and have a tougher time
collective efficacy
mutual trust, willingness to intervene in supervision of children and maintain public order
informal social control
peers, family etc
institutional social control
schools and churches accant effectly work with alienation and mistrust
public social control
stable neighbours arrange for external sources of social control
is a result when sociall defined goals (wealth) are universally mandated but access to education is stratified by class and status
social adaptations
conformity, innocation, ritualism, retreatism,rebellion (merton)