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54 Cards in this Set

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what is deviance?


a. Criminal law selectively applied to social behavior
b. Rules of behavior embody values of some powerful group in society
*c. Social behavior that departs from conventional norms of society
d. Social condition perceived as having harmful effects
c.
2. What are problems with National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)?
a. Underreporting to interviewers
b. Response bias
c. Time-in-sample bias
d. All of the above
d
1. What is deviance?
a. Criminal law selectively applied to social behavior
b. Rules of behavior embody values of some powerful group in society
c. Social behavior that departs from conventional norms of society
d. Social condition perceived as having harmful effects
c
3. What is the best predictor of crime and victimization?
a. Race
b. Age
c. Gender
d. Occupation
c
1. What is the study of society?
a) Sociology
b) geology
c) Criminology
d) psychology
a
2. what is likely to occur as a result of weakened or severed social bonds?
a) love
b) hate
c) Crime
d) murder
c
Many theoretical perspectives in Criminology come primarily from ___ which is the scientific study of society.
sociology
The chief social factor underlying crime is
STRUCTURED SOCIAL INEQUALITY
Critical views of crime are sometimes called
SOCIAL REACTION THEORIES.
1.Which is NOT a label of Sara Doude?
a- hippie
b- feminist
c- cowboy
d- worst teacher ever
d
.What is the major argument against the Rational Choice Theory of crime?
assumes people are rational
3.Which situation might anomie occur?
natural disaster
what is the NIBRS?
national incident based report system
The second source of modern criminology was________, which is a method of analysis based on the collection of observable facts.
positivism
3. ______ focuses on restoring the previous state of affairs and reestablishing relationships
a. Constitutional law
b. Restitutive Law
c. Repressive Law
d. Institutional Law
b
1. a _________ is a sign of disgrace imposed on an individual.
A) Policy B)Transition C) Stigma D) Professional
c
2. Which one of these factors are not central parts of Aker's social learning theory.
A) Rewards B) Fear C) Punishment
b
3. The process by which authorities confer on illegal status on certain behaviors of individuals
A)marxist theory B) government C) criminalization
c
1. What type of techniques includes the use of life-history documents, cases studies, and in-depth interviews?
A. Systematic
B. Quantitative
C. Qualitative
D. Sociological
c
2. Many theoretical perspectives in Criminology come primarily from ________________, which is the scientific study of society.
A. Psychology
B. Sociology -
C. Philosophy
D. Archaeology
b
3. Who is the person behind the Control Balance Theory
A. Charles Tittle -
B. Max Weber
C. Gary LaFree
D. Ted Benton
a
What is a sign of disgrace imposed on an individual?
stigma
Elderly crime consists mostly of
shoplifting
Name 2 types of deviance in Tittle's Control Balance Theory.
-Predation
-Exploitation
-Plunder
-Defiance
-Decadence
-Submission
_________ is probably the best predictor of crime and victimization.
gender
Durkheim made 3 specific claims about the nature of crime. Name 2 of the 3
crime is normal, inevitable, and useful
)______________ is a process in which people are negatively labeled because of their participation in deviant behavior.
stigmatization
Which sex commits more crime?
men
Where are the crips and bloods located?
LA
Which theory deals with the idea that it is our ���control ratio��� imbalance that causes us to commit crime?


a. control balance theory
b. Labeling theory
c. Feminist theory
d. Critical theory
a
1. Bentham argued that crimes could be prevented through:
a. Positive and negative sanctions
b. Crime and punishment
c. Free will and determinism
d. Social contract
a
3. What type of criminology demands that punishment should fit the criminal?
a. Feminism
b. Control theory
c. Positivism
d. Determinism
c
4. Who wrote Crimes and Punishment?
a. Cesare Lombroso
b. Cesare Beccaria
c. Herbert Mead
d. Edwin Sutherland
b
1. What is the definition of feminism?
a. power hungry women who want to make more money than men
b. movement to end sexism
c. women who are lesbians and therefore hate men
d. the new generation of female professionals
c
T/F Legally, a woman cannot be raped by her husband
false
T/F Penis envy occurs when one man is jealous of the success of another man.
false
1. A______ is a sign of disgrace imposed on an individual/
A. Stigma
B. Stereotype
C. Easy quiz
D. Starbucks coffee
a
2. Social disorganization causes increase in _____________
A. delinquency/crime
B. juvenile
C. values
D. subgroup
a
3. ____________ arises when there is a clash between the norms of different cultures.
A. secondary culture conflict
B. drug trade
C. primary culture conflict
c
who proposed phrenology?
a. Cesare Lombroso
b. Franz Gall
c. Edwin Sutherland
d. Karl Marx
b
What is anomie?
a. a state of formlessness produced by rapidly shifting moral values
b. delinquency is a function of a person's place in the economic structure
c. considers patriarchy to be the root cause of the most serious social problems
d. a type of cartoon originating in Japan
a
1. social disorganization causes increases in:
a. crime
b. gender
c. racial discrimination
d. gangs
a
2. what two factors are central parts of Aker's social learning theory?
a. crime and reward
b. punishment and crime
c. punishment and reward
d. social gangs and discrimination
c
3. __________ are published by the state by state agencies
a. legislative positions
b. official crime data
c. laws
d. unofficial crime data
b
which is NOT one of the 6 types of deviance in Tittle's control balance theory?
a. exploitation
b. defiance
c. submission
d. fear
d
a ____ is a set of beliefs that differs in some way from those of the main culture
a. society
b. subculture
c. policy
d. college
b
one's CLASS position is associated with their
a. income
b. gender
c. race
d. family name
a
1. The common focus of the theory of self-control and the theory of control balance is the concept of __________.
a. Self-control
b. Outrage
c. Democracy
d. Accountability
a
2. A _______ is a set of beliefs that differs in some way from those of the main culture.
a. Society
b. Subculture
c. Policy
d. Cherry pie
b
In the Chicago study, zones of __________ are characterized by the increasing physical deterioration of buildings.
a. Adolescence
b. Freedom
c. Wealth
d. Transition
d
3. what is the common focus between the theory of self control and theory of control balance?
a) control balance
b) Self Control
c) self discipline
d) control deficit
b
_________ is the polar opposite of conflict theory.
consensus theory
Durkheim made three specific claims about the nature of crime. Which of these is not one of them?
Useful, Normal, Inevitable, deviant
deviant
_________ focuses on restoring the previous state of affairs and reestablishing relationships.
restituitive law