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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Classical Criminology Cesare Beccaria

On Crimes and Punishment

Father of Modern Criminology

Believed inutilitarianism and free-will

What were Beccaria's principles?

1. Laws should be used to maintain the social contract

2. Only legislators should create laws

3. Judges should impose punishment only inaccordance with the law

4. Judges should not interpret the laws

5. Punishment should be based on the pleasure/pain principle

6. Punishment should be based on the act, not on the acto

7. The punishment should be determined by the crime

8. Punishment should be prompt and effective

9. All people should be treated equally

10. Capital punishment should be abolished

11. The use of torture to fain confessions should be abolished

12. It is better to prevent crimes than to punish them

Jeremy Bentham's Utilitarianism

Bentham was concerned with achieving “the greatest happiness of the greatest number”

Utilitarianism assumes all human actions are calculated in accordance with their likelihood

of bringing happiness (pleasure) or unhappiness (pain)

Bentham proposed the “felicific calculus”

Positivist Criminology

Auguste Comte Darwin’s Origin of Species Positivism and evolution moved the field of criminology from a philosophical to a scientific perspective.

Sociological Determinism

Adolphe Quetelet and Andre MichelGuerry

Society responsible for criminal behavior

Gabriel Tarde - Laws of limitation

Emile Durkheim

Crime as a normal part of society

Crime creates social solidarity

Crime creates social change

Anomie: Normlessness, a breakdown ofsocial order as a result of a loss ofstandards and values