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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


Social Learning Theory- ARRM, role models


Criminals are more likely to commit crimes due to a distorted thinking pattern

Bandura, Ross + Ross

Bobo doll study- investigate whether children could learn aggression from role models


Positive correlation between amount of aggression viewed at age 8 + later aggression at age 30


Mothers labelling their children as non-drinkers will make them more likely not to drink- supports SFP as mothers are giving children labels + they are living up to them


When children born on a Wednesday are labelled to be aggressive they commit 22% of violent crimes- supports SFP because the children are living up to the label they have been given

Loftus + Palmer exp. 1

Participants shown video of a crash, asked about how fast the cars were going when they _____ each other. Smashed- 40.8, Contacted 31.8

Loftus + Palmer exp. 2

Two groups- 1 asked how fast when they 'hit' each other, the other asked when they 'smashed' each other, week later asked 'did you see any broken glass?'

Yuille + Cutshall

Shooting/Robbery- 13/21 witnesses agreed to take part, asked to say in their own words what happened, asked if they saw the broken headlight, asked how stressed they felt on a scale of 1-7


560 men + women approached by a target, asked to recall the target either 2mins or 4hrs later, 16-question recall test + then had to choose from 6 photos. Some saw her in the photos, some did not.

Hobbs + Holt

125 boys in a correctional institution for offences from truancy to homicide. 3 groups on the token economy programme, 1 not. Found that the programme improved behaviour + benefits outweighed costs of £250


Looked at 3 types of rehabilitation and a control, token economy had best results

Cohen + Filipcjak

Boys who are on the token economy programme are less likely to reoffend than those who are not

Field et al

Found that sometimes the token economy programmes do not work for some offenders, suggesting that the programmes have to be specially designed to suit the individual

Pearson et al

Found cognitive techniques helped reduce recidivism but behavioural modification did not, i.e. behaviour cannot be changed without a change of thinking


1 control group + 1 experimental group. No difference in the anger scores of the control but only 8% of the experimental group showed no improvement


Reported improvements in impulsiveness, depression and wider interpersonal problems after anger management

Zamble + Quinsey

Suggest that anger is a major factor in predicting violence and recidivism


St. Helena study- collected information about the children before + after the introduction of TV. Had no negative effect on children's behaviour


Based on the way you look e.g. asymmetric face, big lips, long arms


Proved Goring wrong so supports Lombroso but differences were not significant enough


Proved Lombroso wrong


Introvert/extrovert, stable/unstable, criminals more likely to be unstable extroverts


Found that criminals were less extrovert than the control