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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
first appearance
informed of charges, may set bail/pretrial release
pretrial release options
2)deposit bail
3)release on recognizance (ROR)
4)conditional release
5)third party constody
6)signature bonds
grand jury
makes sure there is enough evidence to bring a person to trial - filter out cases - 23 people
a trial will happen
preliminary hearing
used instead of Grand Juries - another way to determine if there is probable cause to hold defendant for trial
first appearance - pleas are entered:
2)not guilty
3)stand mute
4)nolo contendere (no contest)
plea bargaining
defendant, prosecutor, and court negotiate and agreement - reduces time for criminal case to be resolved
____% of cases are settled by plea bargaining
What are some problems with plea bargaining?
-to severe
-rush to plea
What are some advantages of plea bargaining?
-reduces case load
-conviction rate goes up
What are the stages of a criminal trial?
1)trial initiation
2)jury selection
3)opening statements
4)presentation of evidence
5)closing statements
6)judge's charge to the jury
7)jury deliberates
What is rules of evidence?
rules that govern evidence in a criminal trial
adversarial system
the two sides argue to convince judge and jury - supposibly the ture comes out
inquisatorial system
what other countries use - judge and jury ask questions
factual guilt
crime control - defendant is actually responsible for crime (hard to determine)
legal guilt
due process - procecutor presents evidence to jury that defendant is guilty
Jury has to be.....
unbiased and free of preconceived notions
voir dire
see say - jurors are questioned by each side
challenge the array
jurors don't represent the community
challenge the cause
jurors can't be fair of impartial - unlimited
peremptory challenges
removes juror for no reason - limited to 6
scientific jury selection
using social science research to select members - such as surveys
sequestered jury
jurors have no contact with the public during trial
anything not based on the personal knowledge of a witness
direct evidence
evidence that directly proves a fact
circomstantial evidence
evidence taht requires a judge/juror to draw conclutions
real evidence
physical material
What is a problem with the jurt system?
whether a juror can accurately determine the defendants guilt or innocents
legal guilt
due process - prosecutor presents evidence to jusry that defendant is guilty
A juror has to be....
unbiased and free of preconcieved notions
voir dire
see say - jurors are questioned by both sides
challange the array
jurors don't represent the community
challange the cause
jurors can't be fair or impartial - unlimited amount