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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
intensive supervision
form of probation supervision involving frequent face-to-face contacts between the probationary client and probation officers
probation (or parole) revocation
administrative action of a probation (or paroling) authority removing a person from probationary (or parole) status in response to a violation of lawfully required conditions of probation (or parole) including the prohibition against commission of a new offense and usually resulting in a return to prison
home confinement
house arrest; individuals ordered confined to their homes are sometimes monitored electronically to be sure they do not leave during the hours of confinement (absence from the home during working hours is often permitted)
probation (or parole) violation
act or a failure to act by a probationer (or parolee), which does not conform to the conditions or probation (or parole)
conditions of probation and parole
general (state-ordered) and special (court-or board-ordered) limits imposed upon an offender whi is released on either probation or parole; general condistions tend to be fixed by state statute, while special condetions are mandated by the sentencing authority and take into consideration the background of the offender and the circumstances surrounding the offense
community corrections (community-based corrections)
sentencing style that represents a movement away from tradistional confinement options and an increased dependence upon correctional resources which are available in the community
community service
sentencing alternative which requires offenders to spend at least part of their time working for a community agency
sentence of imprisonment that is suspended; also, the condetional freedom granted by a judicial officer to an adjudicated adult or juvenile offender, as long as the person meets certain conditions of behavior
shock incarceration
sentencing option which makes use of "boot camp"-type prisons in order to impress upon convicted offenders the realities of prison life
status of an offender conditionally released from a prison by discretion of a paroling authority prior to expiration of sentence, required to observe conditions of parole, and placed under the supervision of a parole agency
intermediate sanctions (alternative sanctions)
use of split sentencing, shock probation and parole, home confinement, shock incarceration, and community service in lieu of other, more traditional, sanctions, such as imprisonment and fines
parole board
state paroling authority; most states have parole boards (also called commissions) which decide when an incarcerated offender is ready for conditional release an which may also function as revocation hearing panels
revocation hearing
hearing held before a legally constituted hearing body (such as a parole board) in order to determine whether a probtioner or parolee has violated the conditions and requirements of his or her probation or parole
mixed sentence
one which requires that a convicted offender serve weekends (or other specified periods of time) in a confinement facility (usually a jail), while udergoing probation supervision in the community
# of probation or parole clients assigned to one probation or parole officer for supervision
split sentence
a sentence explicitly requiring the convicted person to serve a period of confinement in a local, state, or federal facility followed by a period of probation
court requirement that an alleged or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victime of the crime or provide services to the community
shock probation
practice of sentencing offenders to prison, allowing them to apply for probationary release, and enacting such release in suprise fashion; offenders who recieve shock probation may not be aware of the fact that they will be released on probation and may expect to spend a much longer time behind bars