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12 Cards in this Set

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CN-1

Name: Olfactory


Function: Sensory


Activity: Sense of smell


Test: make sure nares are not obstructed, close both eyes and close one nare, place familiar odor under nare sniff and identify.

CN-II

Name: Optic


Function: Sensory


Activity: Visual activity and visual field


Test: near vision- read magazine (observe closeness or distance of face to page), distant vision (snell chart), ophthalmoscope (inspect fundus)

CN-III

Name: Oculomotor


Function: Motor


Activity: Extra ocular movement, pupillary construction, pupil size and reactivity


Test: Shine a light on one pupil; both pupils should constrict. Check accommodation, move your finger toward the patients nose, pupils should constrict


CN-IV

Name: Trochlear


Function: Motor


Activity : Eye muscle movement (downward and inward eye)


Test: Have patient look down and in.

CN-V

Name: Trigeminal


Function: Mixed (motor and sensory)


Activity: Jaw opening, chewing, facial sensation- eye blink


Test: Ask patient to hold mouth open while you try to close it. With patients eyes close, brush face with cotton ball and have them identify area touched.

CN-VI

Name: Abducens


Function: Mixed (motor and sensory)


Activity : Muscle movement of eye (lateral eye movement)


Test: Have patient move eyes side to side

CN-VII

Name: Facial


Function: Mixed (motor and sensory) Activity: Facial expression movement- taste, eye lid and lip closure


Test: Ask patient to smile, raise eyebrows, and keep lips and eyes closed while you try to open them. Place salt or sugar on tongue and identify

CN-VIII

Name: Vestibule cochlear


Function: Sensory


Activity : Hearing- equilibrium


Test: Place ticking watch or whisper near each ear.

CN-IX

Name: Glossopharyngeal


Function: Mixed (motor and sensory) Activity : Swallowing- gag reflex- taste, posterior


Test: Touch back of throat with depressor, have patient swallow

CN-X

Name: Vagus


Function: Mixed (motor and sensory)


Activity : Guttural speech sounds - involuntary actions of


Test: Assess gag swallowing with CN- IX. Assess vocal quality

CN-XI

Name: Spinal Accessory


Function: Motor


Activity : Turn head- shrug shoulder


Test: Have patient shrug shoulder and turn head from side to side

CN-XII

Name: Hypoglossal


Function: Motor


Activity : Tongue movement for speech sound articulation


Test: Have patient stick out tongue and move it internally from cheek to cheek. Assess articulation