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60 Cards in this Set

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1. A work center consists of 2 machines working 8 hrs a day and 5 days a week. Historically, utilization has been 80% and efficiency has been 90%. To the nearest hour, what is the rated capacity?
A. 80 hrs
B. 58 hrs
C. 40 hrs
D. 30 hrs
B
2. What term indicates the percentage of time the work center is active compared to the available time?
A. Efficiency
B. Effectiveness
C. Utilization
D. Uptime
C
3. What term is used for the ratio of standard hours of work produced to actual hours worked?
A. Efficiency
B. Effectiveness
C. Utilization
D. Uptime
A
4. What term is used for calculating (available time) x (utilization) x (efficiency)?
A. Effectiveness
B. Useful Capacity
C. Demonstrated Capacity
D. Rated Capacity
D
5. Which of the following shows the capacity required at each work center based on planned and released orders for each time period of the plan?
A. Work center profile
B. Load profile
C. Scheduled order profile
D. Work-to-be-done profile
B
6. Which of the following PAC activities must be done when planning the flow of work?
A. Be sure the material and tooling needed are available.
B. Advise the plant supervisor of future orders.
C. Refer to the production plan for what orders to run.
D. Complete a material requisition plan.
A
7. Which of the following is concerned with very short-term detailed planning of the flow of orders through manufacturing?
A. Production Planning
B. Master Production Scheduling
C. MRP
D. PAC
D
8. Which of the following is an element of manufacturing lead time?
A. Design time
B. Delivery time
C. Wait time
D. Purchase time
C
9. What is the name given to a scheduling system in which the last operation on a routing is scheduled first and for completion on the due date?
A. Forward scheduling
B. Backward scheduling
C. Infinite scheduling
D. Finite scheduling
B
10. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
A. Work centers located after a bottleneck should work at full capacity.
B. A time buffer should be established after a bottleneck.
C. Work centers feeding a bottleneck should work at full capacity.
D. A bottleneck will control the throughput of all products processed by it.
D
A measurement, usually expressed as a percentage, of the actual output to the standard output expected?
EFFICIENCY
The resources needed to produce the projected level of work required from a facility over a time horizon.
CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS
A technique where the schedule is computed starting with the due date for the order and working backward to determine the required start date or due dates for each operation?
BACKWARD SCHEDULING
Hours available x efficiency x utilization?
RATED CAPACITY
Assigning no more work to a work center than can be expected to execute in a given time period?
FINITE LOADING
The function of routing and dispatching the work to be accomplished through the production facility and of performing supplier control?
PRODUCTION ACTIVITY CONTROL
The ratio of direct time charged (run time plus setup time) to the clock time available?
UTILIZATION
The capability of a system or resource to produce a quantity of output in a particular time period?
CAPACITY AVAILABLE
The amount of planned work scheduled for and actual work released to a facility, work center, or operation for a specific span of time?
LOAD
A technique where the scheduler proceeds from a known start date and computes the completion date for an order, usually proceeding from the first operation to the last?
FORWARD SCHEDULING
Calculation of the capacity required at work centers in the time periods required regardless of the capacity available to perform this work?
INFINITE LOADING
Comparing actual to planned performance and taking corrective action, as needed, to align performance with plan?
CONTROL
_______ provides a check on the validity of the priority plan: Are resources available to accommodate the planned due dates for components and the final product?
CRP

(Capacity Requirements Planning)
The best practice is to determine the availability of resources using ________ before the release of the planned order.
CRP

(Capacity Requirements Planning)
The function of establishing, measuring, monitoring, and adjusting limits or levels of capacity in order to execute all manufacturing schedules?
Capacity Management
Capacity Management consists of two major phases:

1. _____
2. _____
1. Planning
2. Controlling
Capacity planning's goal is to determine if the capacity needed to meet the priority plan will be available to meet the priority's plan's ______ _____.
Due Dates
Capacity Planning links production priority schedules with ______ ________ _______.
Available Manufacturing Resources.
Capacity Management occurs at each of the following planning levels: What is it called at each level?

1. S&OP: _________
2. Master Scheduling: ________
3. MRP: ________
4. PAC: ________ & ________
1. S&OP: Resource Planning
2. Master Scheduling: RCCP
3. MRP: CRP
4. PAC: Input/Output Control and Operations Sequencing
_______ should never be used to measure capacity.
Dollars.

Dollars measure the VALUE of throughput.
The capability of a system or resource to produce a quantity of output in a particular time period?
Capacity Available
Demonstrated capacity is determined from ______ ______.
Historical Data.
Rated Capacity is calculated using the following information:

1. ___
2. ___
3. ___
Available Time
Utilization
Efficiency
There are two types of capacity available:

1. ___
2. ___
Rated Capacity
Demonstrated Capacity
What is the calculation formula for Utilization %?
Utilization percent = hrs actually worked / hrs of available time x 100%
What is the calculation formula for Efficiency %?
Efficiency percent = standard hrs of work / hrs actually worked x 100%
What are the three elements of rated capacity?
1. Available time
2. Utilization
3. Efficiency
What is the calculation formula for Rated Capacity?
Rated Capacity (standard hrs) = available time x utilization x efficiency
A type of capacity. It is proven capacity calculated from actual past performance data. The result is an average capacity estimate for a resource. Available time, utilization and efficiency are included implicitly in the calculation of the average; they are not calculated directly.
Demonstrated Capacity
A ratio or calculation that is determined from historical data or a work sampling.
Utilization
Which type of Capacity is calculated from historical data - Demonstrated or Rated?
Demonstrated
This type of capacity is based on:
-available time
-utilization
-efficiency
Rated
The capability of a system to perform its expected function or the capability of a worker, machine, work center, plant, or organization to produce output per time period/
Capacity
Dollars can be used to measure capacity?

True or False
False.

Dollars measure the value of throughput and should never be used as a measurement of capacity.
The function of establishing, measuring, monitoring, and adjusting limits of levels of capacity in order to execute all manufacturing schedules.
Capacity Management.
The two major phases of capacity management:

1. _____
2. _____
1. Planning
2. Controlling
To determine if the capacity needed to meet the priority plan will be available to meet the priority plan's due dates. It links production priority schedules with available manufacturing resources.
The goal of Capacity Planning
The control aspects of capacity management of the domain of ________.
PAC
The three control aspects of capacity management:

1. ___
2. ___
3. ___
1. Monitoring output
2. Comparing it with the plan
3. Taking corrective action
Provides a check on the validity of the priority plan?

Are resources available to accommodate the planned due dates for components and the final product?
CRP
The best practice is to determine the availability of resources using _____ before the release of the planned order.
CRP
The type of capacity that is proven capacity calculated from actual past performance data. The result is an average capacity estimate for a resource. Available time, utilization, and efficiency are included implicitly in the calculation of the average, they are not calculated directly.
Demonstrated
The five components of manufacturing lead time are as follows:

1. __
2. __
3. __
4. __
5. __
1. Queue
2. Setup
3. Run
4. Wait
5. Move
Which components of manufacturing lead time make up the operations time (which is the load on a work center)?
Setup and run time

Setup + run time = Operation Time
What are the four objectives of PAC?
1. execute the MPS and MRP
2. optimize use of resources
3. minimize work in process (WIP)
4. maintain customer service
The three functions of PAC?
-Plan / Replan
-Implement
-Control
The main objectives of scheduling?
1. Meet delivery dates
2. Effectively use manufacturing resources
Scheduling involves:
Establishing start and finish dates for each operation needed to complete an order.
The drum (schedule) that controls the throughput of the entire system?
Bottleneck
This allows enough time for work to flow from the gateway to the bottleneck and to make sure the bottleneck is never idle?
Time buffer