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23 Cards in this Set

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BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo)

Type: Canalithiasis (81-90%)


Symptoms: problems looking up, rolling over


Most common cause - vertigo or head injury


Diagnosis through Dix-Hallpike test

Presbyopia

eye lens loses flexibility and makes it hard to see up close

Migraines

10-30 minutes flashing lights, zig-zag lines

Floaters

specks or squiggly lines


happen especially when people get older

Myopia

nearsightedness

Hyperopia

farsightedness

Diabetic Retinopathy

half of people with diabetes have this


small blood vessels in eye are damaged


(black spots in vision)

macular degeneration

center part of vision field is most affected

Cushing's syndrome

adrenal cortex


hypersecretion of cortisol

Grave's Disease

Thyroid condition


Hyperthyroidism

Which cranial nerves are connected to the tongue?

Facial (VII) Nerve


Glossopharyngeal (IX) Nerve

Somatic Senses

Tactile: touch, pressure, vibration


Thermal


Pain


Proprioception

Special Senses

Smell (olfaction)


Taste (gustation)


Vision


Balance


Hearing

Myeloid Stem Cell

Begin in Red Bone Marrow and differentiate into several types of cells


RBC


Platelets


Eosinophils


Basophils


Neutrophils


Monocytes

Hemopoiesis

Blood cell production (Red Marrow)



Hematocrit

% of blood made up of RBC

Functions of Blood

transportation


regulation


protection

How do we see color?

cones break down photopigment molecules

Binocular Vision

Both eyes focus on only one set of objects

Proprioceptors

Perception of body movements

Nociceptors

Sensory for pain

Endocrine system

Release hormones into interstitial fluid > blood > general circulation


Effectors: any type of body cell so it has widespread effects on metabolism


Slower, long lasting responses as hormones linger in blood

Nervous system

Neurons release neurotransmitters @ synapses


Effectors include other neurons, muscles, glands


Rapid responses from effectors