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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Epicardium

outer layer of heart

Myocardium

cardiac muscle

Endocardium

Squamous epithelium, lines inside of myocardium

Chambers of the heart

4 total


2 Atria


2 Ventricles

Foramen Ovale

a hole between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart. Exists in everyone before birth but usually closes shortly after being born. One if four do not close - PFO (Patent Foramen Ovale)

Widow Maker

Left Coronary Artery

Aortic Stenosis

Narrowing of aortic valve

Aortic Insufficiency

backflow of blood from aorta into left ventricle

Rheumatic Fever

may damage heart valves, caused by streptococcal infection

Myocardial Ischemia

reduced blood flow to the heart (results in hypoxia)

Angina Pectoris

"strangled heart" tightness or squeezing in the chest with referred pain pattern into neck, chin, and left arm

Silent Myocardial Ischemia

no paint prior to heart attack

Myocardial Infarction

heart attack. Infarct mean death of tissue due to loss of oxygen