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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Which was NOT a requirement for English prisons and jails as specified by the English Penitentiary Act of 1779?

Housing inmates in common cells

Which of the following is NOT true of jails in a correctional setting?

Jails offer extensive programs or services for inmates.

T/F: Over the last thirty years, the number of criminal offenders with mental illness has risen.

True

T/F: Second-generation jails use a linear design for housing inmates

False

Which of the following is NOT true of private correctional agencies?

Private correctional agencies independently decide on security policies for inmates.

Which is the most important element in the operations and policies of all correctional facilities?

The staff

Which of the following is an early English term for a jail?

Gaol

T/F: Jail staff members are always extremely outnumbered by the inmates in any correctional setting

True

Which is a primary reason for new jail construction over the past decade?

The number of successful legal challenges by jail inmates for overcrowding has increased.

T/F: Sentenced offenders can serve up to one year in jail.

True

Which of the following requires that an offender repay society for the harm caused by his or her offense?

Offender restitution

Which Supreme Court decision granted probationers the right to legal counsel during the revocation hearing?

Mempa v. Rhay

T/F: A probationer cannot be arrested and detained in jail during the revocation process.

False

T/F: Shock probation is generally believed to be a low-cost and effective intermediate sanction for less serious felons.

True

T/F: Community residential center placement rarely occurs after probationers are falling under their current supervision requirement.

False

Which of the following eras of corrections developed with the distinct provision that the community be an essential part of the correctional process?

Reintegrative

T/F: Electronic monitoring is a criminal sanction, not a method of supervision.

False

__________ is used only after low-risk offenders demonstrate a good adjustment to supervision.

Administrative supervision

Which probation style mimics the community policing philosophy and partners with citizens, groups, churches, and other neighborhood organizations?

Broken-Windows Probation

On which model is shock probation based?

Specific deterrence