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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

static factors


Prior supervision

dynamic factors

- things that can be altered

-Education,attitude, cognitive thinking, associatesCanchange Criminogenic

risk is determined by

combining risk and static factors

dynamic factor identification and analysis

Employment,Family/Marital, Substance Abuse, Social Interaction , Community Functioning,Personal/Emotional and Attitude

proper case management is

structureand supervision required while addressing needsBalancerehabilitative needs with community safety Preparefor reintegrationContributeto effective community supervision

correctional plan

Not applicable to short sentencesIncludes: Initial institutionalplacement, specific training or work opportunities and release plan Based upon risk/ needs profileGuides all decisions made

RNR assumptions

A.Interventionbenefits community and offender

B.Compassionate,Collaborative and dignified human service interventions targeting predictors

C.Rehabilitationsourced by government


Risk, Need and Responsivity

risk includes

Attitudes,values and beliefsRationalizationsand cognitive emotional statesProblemsolving, self management and impulsivity Bothstatic and dynamic included

principles of effective correctional treatment: risk

Match risk

Level of intervention must matchrisk

Possible to cause more damage

little impact on low risk

risk , need and responsivility weakness


2.Lacksexplanatory ability – Responsivity


4.Wantfor change

Level of service inventry revised has

Actuarial Assess Criminogenic Needs Understandoffender attributeAid indecisions about riskPredictive ofparole success and recidivism Makedetermination about treatment

social learning theory

Criminalbeahaviouris learned behaviourCriminalbehaviouris learned in the same way as all other behaviourBehaviourresults from an interaction

static factors

Criminal History Previous Supervision

dynamic factors

Education/EmploymentAccommodationsFamily/MaritalLeisure/RecreationAlcohol/DrugProblemPersonal/EmotionalOrientation Attitude

LSI-R predictors of criminal behaviour

Anti-social perceptions Anti-Social associates A history of Anti-social behaviourAnti-social personality

LSI-R questionaing and scoring

54 itemsQuestions asked organicallyPoints and tally Risk/Need level and likelihood ofrecidivism Areas for treatment determined byscores in each of the dynamic areas

classifying an anti social personallity pattern you use : techniques of neutralization

DenyResponsibility DenyInjury Blamethe victim Condemnthe condemnersAppealto a higher loyalty

anti social personality pattern

StaticCriminal History Lifestyle thatexploits othersChildhoodbehaviour issues and offending Short termintimate relationships Revocation ofparole Diversity inoffending

dynamic criminogenic factors

Pathological lyingManipulation Lack of remorse or guilt Behaviourcontrols Promiscuous sexual relationshipsLack of long term goals(Realistic) Impulsivity Irresponsibility Do not accept responsibility

responsivity concerns

Disingenuous and superficialcharm Significant sense of self-worth Need for stimulation and prone toboredom Shallow affect

federal treatment programs

LifeskillsViolenceprevention SubstanceAbuseFamilyviolenceLiteracyand Education Sexoffender Psychologicaland psychiatric counselling

integrated correctional program model

Interdisciplinary Multi-Target, Sex Offender,Aboriginal Best practice of previousprogramsHolistic with multiple modulesBased upon Good Lives Model andRisk, Need, Responsivity Still based upon risk

program integrity

– designed and deliver byqualified person, and they adhere to program and are monitored

professional discretion

consider risk, need and responsivity

robert martinson ( 1974)

200programs“nothingworks”Martinson (1979) reevaluated –some treatment worksDirect treatment more likely toreduce recidivism compared to incarceration Risk, needs cognitive behavioral

conditional release for the parole board

Protection of society primary

Consider all information;sentencing judge, assessments, victim and offender

Can enhance its effectiveness bysharing information with other criminal justice agencies, and by ensuring thatinformation on policies and programs is communicated to offender, victim andpublic

section 102 CCRA

May grant parole to an offenderif, in its opinion: a)The offender will not, by reoffending,present an undue risk to society before their sentence expires

b)Release facilitates the offendersreintegration as law abiding citizens

types of conditional release

1.Paroleeligibility dates, day or full parole2.“Dischargepossible date”2/3 of sentence3.WarrantExpiry

temporary absence

escorted or unescorted

day parole

one sixth of the sentence

full parole

one third of the sentence

remission / discharge PROVINCAL ONLY

two thirds

statutory release ( federal)

2 thirds

cold turkey release

Released without conditionsProvincialdischarge at two thirds pointFederal warrant expiry date

high potential

low or no programs

medium potential

programs, community programs

low potential

intensive programming , cautoius considereation

PBC and day parole

Eligible at 1/6 or six months,which ever is longerAccelerate Parole Review (APR) Most live in Community BasedResidential Facilities or Community Correctional CentresApply for full parole at 1/3Aids in transition, short termoption before full parole

PBC and full parole

Most common form of releaseLives at home with family,friends or independently FP is calculated at 1/3 of thesentence or seven years, which ever is less. Sentencing judge can impose thatthe offender serve half their sentence, but never more than 10yrs

statutory release

Occurs when offender serves 2/3of their sentenceNot applied for parole Denied parole Release revokedSubject to parole supervisionuntil warrant expiry Extremely common 36%