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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What are the 1st 10 amendments called?

Bill of Rights

Article III describes what department/branch?

Judicial

T/F the 11th amendment guarantees that no state can be sued in a fed court by a resident of another state/foreign country

true

2 Houses of Congress

Senate and House of Representatives

2/3 requirements for a person to be a representative in House of Reps

at least 25, US citizen for at least 7 years


(other: reside in state/district)

How frequently are members of the H of R elected?

every 2 years

What is used by fed ct to determine each state's population?

census

define impeachment in one word

accused

T/F If a state has a small enough population, they can have no representation in the US House of Reps

false

what is the president's current salary?

$400,000

main purpose of Preamble

state purposes of constitution

5 freedoms granted by the 1st amendment
religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition

T/F Until the 25th amendment, the office of VP had been vacant and remained unfilled 16 times

true

Article I describes what branch?

Legislative

How is the number of senators divided among states?

2 per state

What body of govt is the only one that can declare war?

congress

What is the name of a criminal law that operates retroactively to the disadvantage of the accused?

ex post facto

What does the senate's pro tempore do?

a person who presides over senate when the VP isn't there

Article II

Executive

T/F No state can keep a standing/active navy or army

true

body of presidential electors chosen in each state that chooses the pres. or VP every 4 years

electoral college

Which amend. prohibits slavery?

13th

What address is given by the pres. soon after congress convenes?

State of the Union Address

How frequently do Supreme Court justices run for reelection?

never

Which amend. was repealed in its entirety?

18th

How long is a senator's term of office?

6 years

Why is congress called bicameral?

2 Houses

the only crime defined in the constitution

treason

T/F ex post facto laws can be passed and applied

false

what elected person presides over the senate?

VP

T/F each state must respect the laws, public records, and court decisions of every other state

true

How many amendments have been ratified to date?

27

T/F the 3rd amendment allows for quartering or housing of soldiers in private homes during peacetime

false

What is double jeopardy?

can't be tried twice for a crime

Why is the 20th amend. sometimes called the "lame duck" amendment?

It shortened the time from election in nov. to when the office is taken in january

T/F because of the 16th amendment, congress can levy any income tach without regard to population in any state

true

were women or blacks first given the right to vote by the amendments?

blacks

T/F treason is punishable by death

true

first 3 words of preamble

"We the People"

Name 2 strategies the framers of the const. used to keep any department/branch from becoming to powerful?

separation of powers, checks and balances

Who does the 25th amend. provide to succeed the pres. in case of death or resignation?

VP

what is a quorum?

majority

Article VII

ratification

What does the equal protection clause of the 14th amend. guarantee all US citizens?

no discrimination

What is the name given to the clause of the constitutional basis for the many and far reaching implied powers of the govt?

elastic clause (necessary and proper clause)

What are unenumerated rights?

unlisted rights we get but govt can't take away

How many presidents have been convicted in an impeachment case?

none

Why do defendants in criminal trials plead the 5th?

to prevent self-incrimination

What is the only amend. that has been submitted to the states for ratification by special conventions?

21st

What body has the exclusive power to try those govt officials who are impeached?

senate