Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/38

Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

What was the NJ plan?

Each state gets the same amount of representatives.

No hints! It's a test!

What is the Virginia plan?

Each state's representatives is based on that state's population.

No hints! It's a test!

What is the Great Compromise?

The compromise said that there would be to houses: the House and Senate. The House follows the Virginia plan, and the Senate follows the NJ plan.

No hints! It's a test!

What kind of system does our government have?

A federal government (shared powers.)

No hints! It's a test!

What are some of the shared powers? (4)

-Collect Taxes


-Set up court


-Make laws to provide for public health & welfare


-Charter banks

No hints! It's a test!

What are some government powers? (4)

-Create army + navy


-Print & coin $$$


-Declares war


-Admit new states

No hints! It's a test!

What are some state powers? (4)

-Set up public schools


-Conduct elections


-Make laws for marriage & divorce


-Set up local government

No hints! It's a test!

How many reps in the House?

435 reps in the House.

No hints! It's a test!

How long do House reps serve?

2 years

No hints! It's a test!

How many senators?

100 senators

No hints! It's a test!

How long do senators serve?

Senators serve for 6 years

No hints! It's a test!

How many Supreme Court justices?

8

No hints! It's a test!

Name the Supreme Court justices.

Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breye, John G. Roberts, Samuel A. Alito, Jr., Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan.

No hints! It's a test!

Who is the president?

Barack Obama

No hints! It's a test!

How long does he serve?

4 years a term

No hints! It's a test!

Who is the Vice President?

Joe Biden

No hints! It's a test!

How long does the vice president serve?

As long as the president?

No hints! It's a test!

What are the qualifications for the president?

You have to be at least 35 years old, you have to be an U.S. citizen, and you have to have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.

No hints! It's a test!

What are the qualifications for the vice president?

You have to be at least 35 years old, you have to be an U.S. citizen, and you have to have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.

No hints! It's a test!

What are the qualifications for a member in the House?

You have to be 25 to be a house rep, you have to be a U.S. citizen, you have to have lived here for at least 7 years, and you have to live in the state you represent.

No hints! It's a test!

What are the qualifications to be a senator?

You have to be 30 to be a senator, you have to be a U.S. citizen, you have to have lived here for at least 9 years, and you have to live in the state you represent.

No hints! It's a test!

What is the responsibility for the Executive branch?

The executive branch carries out laws.

No hints! It's a test!

What is the responsibility for the Legislative branch?

The Legislative branch makes laws.

No hints! It's a test!

What is the responsibility for the Judicial branch?

The Judicial branch interperets laws.

No hints! It's a test!

What are the Articles of Confederation?

The document that set up the first government of the United States; the government had limited power

No hints! It's a test!

What is the cabinet?

A group of advisors to the president, including the heads of important departments in the executive branch

No hints! It's a test!

What are checks and balances?

The system under which each branch of government limits, or checks, the powers of the other branches

No hints! It's a test!

What is a compromise?

An agreement in which each side gives up some of what it wants

No hints! It's a test!

What is a constitution?

A document that describes how a government will work

No hints! It's a test!

What is a Constitutional Convention?

The meeting called by the states in 1787 to improve the Articles of Confederation that instead wrote a new constitution

No hints! It's a test!

What is a constitutional republic?

A form of government in which citizens elect representatives who are responsible to the people, and those representatives govern according to a constitution

No hints! It's a test!

What does it mean to impeach a government official?

To accuse or charge a government official, such as the president, with a crime or misconduct

No hints! It's a test!

What is the rule of law?

A set of public laws that apply to all people equally, with no one getting special treatment

No hints! It's a test!

What does it mean when the president vetoes a law?

To reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law, a power that belongs only to the president

No hints! It's a test!

What are 4 powers of the Legislative branch?

-Can impeach government officials


-Can overrule vetoes with 2/3 majority


-Collects taxes


-Declares war

No hints! It's a test!

What are 4 powers of the Judicial branch?

-Determines if laws are constitutional


-Determines if laws are treaties


-Determines the meaning of laws


-Chief Justice presides over impeached trials for president

No hints! It's a test!

What are 4 powers of the Executive branch?

-Can sign/veto bills


-Can nominate judges


-Represents U.S.


-Can grant pardons

No hints! It's a test!

How does a bill become a law?

No hints! It's a test!