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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Convention
Meeting of delegates for the purpose of conducting business.
Segregate
To separate people on the basis of race, class, or ethnic background.
Delegate
Person authorized to act as a representative for others.
Federalism
Division of powers between the states and the national government.
Ratify
To give formal approval.
Unconstitutional
Not consistent with the Constitution.
Judicial Review
Power of the courts to review the actions of the Congress and President to determine whether they are in accordance with law.
Impeachment
Formal charge brought against a public official.
Compromise
Agreement in which each side gives up part of what it wants to end a disagreement.
Constitution
Document in which the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government are established.
Popular Sovereignty
Self-government based on the will of the people.
Civil Rights
Constitutional rights guaranteed to all citizens.
Affirmative Action
Policy aimed at ending the effects of past discrimination by giving favored treatment to certain groups.
Amend
To change or modify for the better.
Succession
Transference of authority on the death of the chief executive.
Veto
To reject or prevent a legislative bill from becoming law.
Legislative
Having the power to make laws.
Habeas Corpus
Right to have charges filed or a hearing before being jailed.
Naturalization
Legal process by which a person born in one country becomes a citizen of that country.
Tariff
Charge or tax placed by the government on certain imported goods
Political Party
Organized group that seeks to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
Unalienable right
Freedom that cannot be taken away or transferred to another.
Elastic Clause
Constitutional power giving Congress the authority to make laws needed to carry out its other responsibilities
Executive
Having the power to carry out laws
Abolish
To end the practice or effect of
Cabinet
Presidential advisory board consisting of the heads of the executive departments
Quorum
Minimum number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business
Discrimination
Policy or attitude that denies equal rights and treatment to certain groups of people
Preamble
Introductory statement
Repeal
To revoke or remove by legislative act
Fred Korematsu
Japanese-American who sued the United States for the relocating the Japanese-Americans after Pearl Harbor.
John Jay
Along with Hamilton, he was one of the writers of the Federalist Papers.
John Marshall
Supreme Court Chief Justice who made rulings on many important civil rights cases.
Dred Scott
Slave who sued for his freedom but Supreme Court dismissed case, saying African Americans are not citizens, and have no right to sue.
George Mason
Pennsylvania delegate at Constitutional Convention. Supported the Virginia Plan.
James Wilson
Author of Virginia’s Bill of Rights, was strong advocate that Constitution needed its own Bill of Rights and was worried it gave the President too much power.
Alexander Hamilton
New York politician, served as Washington’s secretary during the Revolutionary War. Passionate advocate for a strong national government.
Daniel Shays
Massachusetts farmer who led a rebellion against the over taxation on the farmers in the states.
Roger Sherman
Connecticut delegate at Constitutional Convention. Came up with Great Compromise.
William Patterson
Representative from New Jersey who came up with the New Jersey plan of one state-one vote.
Homer Plessy
Black man that was arrested for sitting in white-only train car. Supreme Court found “separate but equal” to be legal.
George Washington
Served as the president of the Constitutional Convention and will eventually be elected the first President of the United States.
Linda Carol Brown
Eight-year-old girl who sued school district to allow black students to go to school for white children.
James Madison
Father of the Constitution. Contributed more to the creation of the Constitution than any other individual.
Gouverneur Morris
Active participant at the Constitutional Convention, even delivering more speeches than James Madison. Given credit for most of the actual language in the Constitution.